Presentation on theme: "Objective: Compare and contrast the governments and cultures of Sparta and Athens. Bell Work: Complete the Sparta and Athens wrap-up worksheet… DUE MONDAY!!!!"— Presentation transcript:
Objective: Compare and contrast the governments and cultures of Sparta and Athens. Bell Work: Complete the Sparta and Athens wrap-up worksheet… DUE MONDAY!!!!
Between 500 and 400 B.C. the Greeks fought several wars. The wars that posed to biggest threat to Greek society and democracy as we know it were the Persian Wars.
Greeks Mixed Land/Water Forces (Sparta/Athens) Well-trained Spartans Phalanx fighting formation Fighting mainly on home turf Persians Larger territory means more men, equipment and resources Largest Ancient fighting force
Greeks Lesser Numbers Mixed loyalties of City-States Persians Far from home: reinforcements and supplies Underestimated Greek strength
The Persian army had little trouble as it moved through northern Greece. It came to a narrow mountain pass called Thermopylae, there 7,000 Greeks waited for the endless number of Persians (perhaps in the millions). For several days they stopped the Persian army from moving forward Someone led the Persians behind the Greek army, the Spartan soldiers began to retreat to their ships as the Persians marched forward.
The Persians were en route to Athens… If they made it to Athens, they would have destroyed much of the art, literature and culture. They also would have squashed the thriving democracy in Athens Athens convinced Sparta to join them in battle. Twenty Greek city-states joined together to meet the Persian invaders. Sparta took charge of the army.
A Small Spartan force of about 300 men commanded by King Leonidas, guarded the mountain pass of Thermopylae. They held out heroically against he enormous Persian force for three days. They were betrayed when someone told the Persians how to get in behind the army. They were defeated, but won valuable time for the rest of the Greeks.
Greece: The Greek sense of uniqueness was increased. Athens emerged as the most powerful city-state in Greece. Athens organized the Delian League, an alliance with other Greek city-states. Athens used the league to assert power and build an Athenian Empire. They moved the treasury to Athens, and forced people to stay in the league against their will. Athens enters “Golden Age”
Persians: Persians removed from power in Greece itself. Persians still interfere in Greek/Mediterranean affairs. Persian Empire still controls large territory and military force.
Unifies Greece City-states (like Athens & Sparta) are usually in competition with one another; the Persian Wars bring them together for a common cause Protects Western Civilization The Persians had a vast empire and one that was vastly different culturally. If they take over, Greek culture as we now know it would be over Allows Modern Democracy to survive Any Greek city-states trying to pursue Democracy would see it fade away as conquered peoples of Persia