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The Persian Wars! Greece vs. Persia. A fight to the finish. All notes that have to be written are in RED...

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Presentation on theme: "The Persian Wars! Greece vs. Persia. A fight to the finish. All notes that have to be written are in RED..."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Persian Wars! Greece vs. Persia. A fight to the finish. All notes that have to be written are in RED...

3 Follow along in your reading B.C.E.: The Ionian Greeks rebel against Persia and King Darius the Great! –A–Athens helped.

4 Darius was very angry at Athens... I’m Darius the Great, and I am so angry at Athens!

5 490 : Persians head to Marathon... Athens got no love from the rest of Greece, but won anyway… Go Athens! B a t t l e

6 How could Athens have won? The Persian army was HUGE ! Well, they won because the Greeks had the “phalanx”. Duh.

7 Oh, and poor Pheidippides! Athens Marathon Rejoice, we conquer! And then he died. What a guy.

8 you need to know the following… Battle of Marathon Athens VS Persians Athenians were outnumbered 2-1 Darius was defeated by Athens and their use of the phalanx. Pheidippides- ran 26 miles to Athens to declare the victory

9 Athens defeats Persia again! How embarrassing.

10 480: And then there was Xerxes. Revenge will be mine! Dang Greeks.

11 Battle of Thermopylae The Spartan king Leonidas led his 300 Spartan men to sacrifice themselves for Greece…

12 The mountain pass Battle at Thermopylae

13 Thermopylae 3 Thermopylae 1 Thermopylae 2 Thermopylae 4

14 What you need to know about… The Battle of Thermopylae Sparta VS Persia Persia led by Xerxes Sparta led by King Leonidas Sparta lost all lives with little help from other Greeks Meanwhile- King Themistocles of Athens was building warships to fight Xerxes in Athens.

15 Luckily, the Athenians were already evacuated... …Because Xerxes burned Athens to the ground.

16 Persian ships... VERY impressive. Too bad they ’ re so darn big.

17 What you need to know about… The Battle of Salamis Thanks to the Spartans the rest of Greece were able to get prepared for the invasion. Persian ships were big and slow while the Athenians could move quickly in the small strait. Greece destroys Persian fleet Important because without the fleet no supplies for land army.

18 479 : The Battle of Plataea A.K.A. The last straw for the Persian’ invasion of Greece! But they’ll be okay... for a while….

19 What you need to know about… Battle of Plataea Greeks unite and fight Persia’s remaining land army. Greeks win and Persia never attacks again.

20 The aftermath a.k.a Effects of the War Both Athens and Sparta claim credit for victory over Persia = led to problems Sparta was still very weak after Thermopylae Athens emerges as the most powerful city-state (bully) Athens creates the Delian League (alliance with other city states to protect themselves if Persia ever returns) Athens rebuilds their city-state better than ever before and they experience a GOLDEN AGE.

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