2All notes that have to be written are in RED The Persian Wars!Greece vs. Persia.A fight to the finish.All notes that have to be written are in RED. . .
3Follow along in your reading... 499 B.C.E.: The Ionian Greeks rebel against Persia and King Darius the Great!Athens helped.
4Darius was very angry at Athens... I’m Darius the Great, and I am so angry at Athens!
5490: Persians head to Marathon... Athens got no love from the rest of Greece, but won anyway…Go Athens!Battle
6How could Athens have won? The Persian army was HUGE!Well, they won because the Greeks had the “phalanx”.Duh.
7Oh, and poor Pheidippides! AthensMarathonRejoice, we conquer!And then he died.What a guy.
8you need to know the following… Battle of Marathon Athens VS PersiansAthenians were outnumbered 2-1Darius was defeated by Athens and their use of the phalanx.Pheidippides- ran 26 miles to Athens to declare the victory
14What you need to know about… The Battle of Thermopylae Sparta VS PersiaPersia led by XerxesSparta led by King LeonidasSparta lost all lives with little help from other GreeksMeanwhile- King Themistocles of Athens was building warships to fight Xerxes in Athens.
15Luckily, the Athenians were already evacuated... …Because Xerxes burned Athens to the ground.
16Persian ships... VERY impressive. Too bad they’re so darn big.Battle of Salamis
17What you need to know about… The Battle of Salamis Thanks to the Spartans the rest of Greece were able to get prepared for the invasion.Persian ships were big and slow while the Athenians could move quickly in the small strait. Greece destroys Persian fleetImportant because without the fleet no supplies for land army.
18479: The Battle of Plataea But they’ll be okay... for a while…. A.K.A. The last straw for the Persian’ invasion of Greece!But they’ll be okay... for a while….
19What you need to know about… Battle of Plataea Greeks unite and fight Persia’s remaining land army.Greeks win and Persia never attacks again.
20The aftermath a.k.a Effects of the War Both Athens and Sparta claim credit for victory over Persia = led to problemsSparta was still very weak after ThermopylaeAthens emerges as the most powerful city-state (bully)Athens creates the Delian League (alliance with other city states to protect themselves if Persia ever returns)Athens rebuilds their city-state better than ever before and they experience a GOLDEN AGE.