8 So, without the help of their fellow greeks the Athenians were forced to battle the Persians on their ownWith a suicidal surge up the middle of the Persian line, the Athenians were able to break the formation and drive the Persian Army back to their boats.
9 Darius dies before he can exact his revenge on Athens, however his son Xerxes takes up his fathers cause.Real Xerxes Graphic Novel Xerxes The Movie Xerxes
10 The Persian Army, lead by Xerxes, now marches on towards Greece.
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15 Herodotus writes that when Dienekes, a Spartan soldier, was told that Persian arrows would be so numerous as "to blot out the sun", he responded with a characteristically Spartan-esque remark, "So much the better, we shall fight in the shade."
16 The fierce resistance of the Spartan-led army offered Athens the invaluable time to prepare for a decisive naval battle that would come to determine the outcome of the war.
18 The Battle of SalamisThe Athenians lured the Persians into the strait of SalamisUnable to retreat and caught off guard, the Athenian Navy smashed the Persian fleetThe following year, the Greeks defeated the Persians on land, ending the Persian threat.
19 In a brief moment of unity, the Greek city-states had saved themselves from the Persian threat They formed the Delian League to protect them from future Persian threats
20 AGE OF PERICLES This was the Golden Age of Athens. Athenians had a direct democracy, or a government in which a large number of male citizens took part in the day to day governmental affairs.
21 AGE OF PERICLES Athens prospered economically through trade. They also prospered culturally, rebuilding the Acropolis and becoming the cultural center of Greece.The Age of Pericles lasted from 460 to 429 B.C.
22 PELOPONNESIAN WARIn 431 B.C. war broke out between Sparta and Athens. This led to the Peloponnesian War, which lasted 27 years and involved all of Greece.Though Athens had a strong navy, they faced a geological disadvantage because Sparta was land-locked
23 PELOPONNESIAN WARAs the war dragged on, each side committed savage acts against one another.In 404 B.C. Sparta ended up siding with the Persians to finally defeat Athens.