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Learning Objective : Today I will identify and correctly use independent and dependent clauses. Independent=self sufficient, able to be alone Dependent=relying.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Objective : Today I will identify and correctly use independent and dependent clauses. Independent=self sufficient, able to be alone Dependent=relying."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Objective : Today I will identify and correctly use independent and dependent clauses. Independent=self sufficient, able to be alone Dependent=relying on something else Clause=section of something

2 What are we going to identify and use today? Today I will identify and correctly use independent and dependent clauses.

3 I to the park went. This is a sentence right? You all know that this is indeed a sentence but it is mixed up so it doesn’t make sense. You know how to write the sentence to make it correct. I went to the park.

4 It is important to know how to correctly use independent and dependent clauses because it helps you write better sentences. It is also important because it can help you identify when sentences are written incorrectly. You can write them correctly. What are other reasons it is important to correctly use independent and dependent clauses? It will be tested!

5 Clause A clause is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb, or a predicate. For example: Mr. Urquieta ran-Mr. Urquieta is the subject, ran is the verb or predicate Mr. Mena flipped-Mr. Mena is the subject, flipped is the predicate Ms. Goodman jumped=Ms. Goodman is the subject, jumped is the predicate

6 Independent Clause An independent clause expresses a complete idea and can stand by itself as a complete sentence. The subject can be simple or compound. The verb, or predicate, can be simple or compound. For example: We walk to school. They ran home.

7 Dependent Clauses A dependent clause does not express a complete idea and cannot stand by itself as a sentence. Another name for dependent clause is subordinate clause (the word subordinate means “less important.” For example: As we walk But they ran home.

8 The subject can be simple or compound. Here is an example of a simple subject. The subject of the sentence is who or what the sentence is about. Example: Our class completed the homework. Our class is the simple subject!

9 The subject can be simple or compound. Here is an example of a compound subject. The subject of the sentence is who or what the sentence is about. Example: Our class and Mr. Millan’s class completed their homework. Our class and Mr. Millan’s class are the compound subject.

10 The verb, or predicate, can also be simple or compound. Here is an example of a simple subject. The verb or predicate is what the subject does. Example: Our class went to lunch after the test. “Went” is the simple predicate. It tells what the class did.

11 The verb, or predicate, can also be simple or compound. Here is an example of a compound predicate. The verb or predicate is what the subject does. Example: Our class completed the test and then went to lunch. “Went” and “completed” are the compound predicate. They tell the two things that the class did.

12 More on independent clauses Sheldon can make homemade pizzas. Sheldon can make homemade pizzas, and he made one for me. These are both examples of independent clauses.

13 More on independent clauses. Remember that they can stand alone as a sentence! Example: Since I was curious about acupuncture, I looked it up in the encyclopedia Since I was curious about acupuncture. This can stand alone as a sentence. I looked it up in the encyclopedia. This can also stand alone as a sentence.

14 Dependent Clauses CANNOT stand alone as sentences. Example: If you need me. If you need me. This is not a complete thought or sentence. It doesn’t have a predicate. The subject is you, but doesn’t explain what you will do.

15 More on dependent clauses Example: When you call Jane. This is also NOT an independent clause. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is therefore a dependent, or subordinate clause.

16 Steps to identifying independent and dependent clauses. 1.Read the sentence. 2.Decide if the sentence is a complete thought or a complete sentence. 3.Identify the underlined clause in each of the following sentences by either writing IND for independent above the underline or SUB for subordinate or dependent clauses. Acupuncture, which is my research topic, is a Chinese medical technique. SUB This is a dependent clause since it cannot stand alone as a thought. Therefore, we wrote SUB above the underlined section.

17 Steps to identifying independent and dependent clauses. 1.Read the sentence. 2.Decide if the sentence is a complete thought or a complete sentence. 3.Identify the underlined clause in each of the following sentences by either writing IND for independent above the underline or SUB for subordinate or dependent clauses. Although acupuncture is an ancient medical technique, it is still in use today. SUB This is a dependent clause since it cannot stand alone as a thought. Therefore, we wrote SUB above the underlined section.

18 Steps to identifying independent and dependent clauses. 1.Read the sentence. 2.Decide if the sentence is a complete thought or a complete sentence. 3.Identify the underlined clause in each of the following sentences by either writing IND for independent above the underline or SUB for subordinate or dependent clauses. When Jeremy called last night, I was not at home. SUB This is a dependent clause since it cannot stand alone as a thought. Therefore, we wrote SUB above the underlined section.

19 Steps to identifying independent and dependent clauses. 1.Read the sentence. 2.Decide if the sentence is a complete thought or a complete sentence. 3.Identify the underlined clause in each of the following sentences by either writing IND for independent above the underline or SUB for subordinate or dependent clauses. Preheat the oven to 350 degree, and take the chicken out of the refrigerator. IND This is an independent clause since it CAN stand alone as a thought Or sentence. Therefore, we wrote IND above the underlined section.

20 How about using Independent clauses? Finish writing the sentence to make a complete thought. Steps to using independent clauses in sentences. 1.Read the partial sentence 2.Think about how to write the sentence to make it make sense. 3.Write the independent clause in order to make the sentence correct. When you call Jane, ask her for that book that you wanted. Writing “ask her for that book you wanted,” makes the sentence complete. We added “ask her for that book you wanted,” as the independent clause. The sentence would then read: When you call Jane, ask her for that book that you wanted.

21 How about using Independent clauses? Finish writing the sentence to make a complete thought. Steps to using independent clauses in sentences. 1.Read the partial sentence 2.Think about how to write the sentence to make it make sense. 3.Write the independent clause in order to make the sentence correct. after we left the pizza parlor We went to the theater to watch a movie. Writing “we went to the theater to watch a movie,” makes the sentence complete. We added “we went to the theater to watch a movie,” as the independent clause. The sentence would then read: After we left the pizza parlor, we went to the theater to watch a movie.

22 So what did we do today? Today I will identified and correctly used independent and dependent clauses.


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