Presentation on theme: "Clauses and Complex Sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1Clauses and Complex Sentences In this lesson you will learn and be able to answer the following questions:·What is a dependent clause?·What is an independent clause?·What is a complex sentence?Lesson created by:Mrs. WindusGrade 4Scio Central School DistrictScio, NY 14880
2Dependent and Independent Clauses A clause is a group of words that has BOTH a subject and a predicate (verb).A dependent clause can NOT stand by itself. It depends on another sentence to help it stand by itself. It will often begin with a word such as because, when, since, after, until, although, as, unless, if, before.An independent clause is a sentence that can stand alone. It will NOT begin with any of the words listed above.
3Independent Clauses:1. The bus arrived on time.2. Jason and Mary walked along the beach.3. Pizza is my favorite weekend treat.4. Walking to school is an option for some.
4Dependent Clauses:1. Since the bus arrived on time2. After Jason and Mary walked along the beach3. Although pizza is my favorite weekend treat4. If walking to school is an option for some
5Complex Sentences:A complex sentence is made up of both an independent clause (also called a simple sentence) AND a dependent clause that can not stand by itself.
6Examples of Complex Sentences 1. The children were not late to school since the bus arrived on time.2. After Jason and Mary walked along the beach, they went to dinner.3. Although pizza is my favorite weekend treat, I also like chicken wings.4. The bus may not be so crowded if walking to school is an option for some.
7(Coordinating Conjunction) Create Compound Sentences... Remember FANBOYS(Coordinating Conjunction)Create Compound Sentences...Sentence 1Joan and Anna went to the store ,BUTthey forgot to buy the cookies.FANBOYSSentence 2Notice that both sentences 1 and 2 have a subject and predicate.
8Use a subordinating conjunction to create a complex sentence The children were not late to schoolSINCEthe bus arrived on time.Sentence 1Subordinating ConjunctionSentence 2
10after although as as if as long as as though because before even if Common Subordinating Conjunctionsafteralthoughasas ifas long asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughifif onlyin order thatnow thatoncerather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhile
11Dependent or Independent Clause? 1. We'll go to the store after school today.INDEPENDENT2. Because the snow storm dropped two feet of snow!DEPENDENT3. When she went to the cafeteria for lunch.4. Karen can take her homework on the bus with her.5. If the teacher says yes.
12Work with Complex Sentences Decide which part of the sentence is dependent and which is independent. Then drag the box to see if you are correct.1. While waiting for the bus to arrive, Laura thought about the homework she forgot to do.DEPENDENT INDEPENDENT2. Christmas is our family's favorite time of year, although Easter is a very close second.INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT3. I couldn't believe she won since she had been sick all last week.INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT4. Jared walked to school alone because he missed the bus this morning.INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT5. If you want to move to 5th grade, you need to make sure you do your best in fourth grade.DEPENDENT INDEPENDENT6. Before you leave for school each morning you should eat breakfast and brush your teeth.DEPENDENT INDEPENDENT7. Katie could not wait until the end of the day when she could go home with her best friend.INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT8. After he ate an entire half gallon of ice cream, Patrick felt like he would explode!DEPENDENT INDEPENDENT