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Nationalism. What you need to know McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise.

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism. What you need to know McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nationalism

2 What you need to know McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise

3 Nationalism Belief that national interests are most important More than state or regional

4 Politics in early 1800s Dem-Reps –President –Congress –Most citizens Federalists –Court system Court decisions usually favored national gov over states

5 McCulloch v. Maryland MD put state tax on Bank of US Tried to run it out of business Argued Congress had no right to form a national bank –Const. didn’t list it as allowed power

6 McCulloch v. Maryland Supreme Court decided: Congress has powers that aren’t listed in Constitution –Made national gov stronger than the states Necessary and Proper Clause

7 1816 & 1820 elections James Monroe (D-R) won both elections easily 1820 – actually ran unopposed

8 President review Washington ( -, VA)1788, 1792 Adams ( Fed, MA)1796 Jefferson(DR, VA)1800, 1804 Madison(DR, VA)1808, 1812 Monroe(DR, VA)1816, 1820

9 John Quincy Adams James Monroe’s Sec of State –Became next Pres. Secured national borders Allowed US to concentrate on internal issues

10 Border treaties Demilitarized Canada border (1817) Set exact US-Canada border (1818) Spain gave Florida to US & agreed on border in west (1819)

11 Monroe Doctrine Written by JQA European countries were trying to rebuild colonies in Americas –Spain, Portugal, Russia US felt threatened

12 Monroe Doctrine Pres Monroe announced that: –US won’t get involved in Europe –US won’t bother existing colonies in N&S America –US won’t allow Europe to build new colonies in N&S America –Warning to European countries

13 Missouri Compromise – 1820 When territory’s population hit 60,000, could ask to be a state Before 1818 – 20 states in US –10 slave / 10 free –Power balance in Senate

14 Missouri Compromise – 1820 Slave & free state usually admitted as a pair –North had higher population – held control over House –South scared of losing balance of power in Senate

15 Missouri Compromise – – IL joins as 11 th free state Missouri up for admission –Was a slave state –Northern Congressmen tried to make Missouri free their slaves –Would upset balance in Senate

16 Missouri Compromise – 1820 South went ballistic –AL admitted instead of MO South nearly seceded & started the Civil War (40 years early)

17 Missouri Compromise – 1820 Henry Clay worked out temporary compromise –Admit Maine as free state –Admit Missouri as slave state –No new slave states north of 36°30’N except Missouri

18 Missouri Compromise – 1820

19 What you need to know McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise

20 James Monroe… what do we need to know?


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