The North New England industrialized Most farms were small, family run. In the Northwest they grew grains and livestock which needed no slaves.
The South The Cotton gin makes cotton profitable. Plantation owners bought more land and slaves to increase profits. 1820: LA, MS, AL are the Cotton Kingdom Slavery expanded from 700,000 to 1,200,0000.
Clays American System Proposed to help America stronger and to unite the regions. 3 steps: Develop Transportation Create a protective tariff Resurrect the National Bank Transportation: Erie Canal The National Road Tariff Cheap British goods Tariff raises their prices. Not as popular in the South National Bank Supported by all sides to improve the economy.
The Missouri Compromise Before 1818 there were 10 slave and 10 free states. Illinois would have made it 11 Free and 10 slave. Why even care? Alabama was admitted to keep the balance. Missouri was ready for admission… led to fighting. Compromise gave Maine (F) and Missouri (S) statehood. Drew a line (36 30). Lands north (F) Lands south (S). This solved the issue for the next 20 years.
The Election of 1824 The Story… When the next election came...
Jacksons Style Inauguration party Spoils System Indian Removal Act of 1830 Jackson supported it because he felt states had the right to rule within their borders. Worcester v. Georgia When Jackson hears this he says…
What was it? 800 miles – Many were robbed, treated harshly 25% died When they got there the ground wasnt as fertile.
Section 4: States Rights and National Union The Gag Rule 1832- The U.S. had a tariff on British goods. Forces the South to buy more expensive U.S. goods. (Tariff of Abominations) The Vice President, J.C. Calhoun secretly devised Nullification Theory. (Problem?) Dueling Toasts at a public dinner.
Calhoun resigns, is made a senator by South Carolina
Nullification South Carolina tries to nullify the tariff. Congress passes the FORCE ACT. Clay eventually compromised but the issue eventually leads to the CIVIL WAR.
The Battle over the Bank Why was Jackson against it? He used his election in 1832 as a MANDATE to destroy the bank. What did he do to destroy it? What happened as a result of the destruction of the bank.