Presentation on theme: "An “Era of Good Feelings” Served with Washington at Trenton Governor of Virginia Member of Articles of Confederation Congress Minister to England,"— Presentation transcript:
Served with Washington at Trenton Governor of Virginia Member of Articles of Confederation Congress Minister to England, France, and Spain Secretary of State and War Not an Original or deep thinker Considered highly honorable and ethical Last of the Virginia Dynasty and “Knee Britches” Presidents
Era of Good Feelings label comes victory in war, bipartisan bitterness subsides, national pride Ran unopposed in 1820 and got all but 4 electoral votes Balanced Cabinet: ◦ John Quincy Adams (northerner) Sec. of State ◦ John C. Calhoun(southerner) Sec of War
SECTION 1 The Rise of Nationalism Question: How did the United States settle its land disputes with Great Britain and Spain?
SECTION 1 The Rise of Nationalism Compromise with Great Britain Rush-Bagot Agreement Terms: limited naval power on the Great Lakes gave the United States fishing rights off parts of Newfoundland and Labrador coasts established a border between the United States and Canada at the 49th parallel, as far west as the Rockies agreed to joint occupation of the Pacific Northwest Convention of 1818 Terms: Compromise with Spain Adams-Onis Treaty Terms: Spain gave Florida to the United States. The United States gave up claims to present-day Texas. United States took responsibility for up to $5 million of United States citizens’ claims against Spain.
settled a border dispute in North America between the U.S. and Spain. Spain ceded Florida U. S. assumed claims of its citizens against Spain up to $5 million U. S. relinquished claims to Texas Southern boundary of Louisiana Purchase clarified
Prussia, Austria, and Russia formed an alliance to defend monarchism. Sights set on South America Latin American/Mexican Revolutions British Interests-would cut their trade w/the region Delivered in state of union address Authored by John Q. Adams
The United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations. The United States would recognize, and not interfere with, countries that already existed in the Americas. The Western Hemisphere was off-limits to colonization by any foreign power. The United States would consider any attempt by a European power to colonize or interfere in the Western Hemisphere a hostile act.
It was not a law It was not meant to bind future Presidents It was “merely a lecture” says John Adams It was not called the Monroe Doctrine until the 1850’s
THE COMPROMISE YEARS 1820-1854 The Missouri Compromise of 1820 In 1819, Missouri wanted to enter the Union. However, there were already 11 f____ states and 11 s_____ states. Why did Missouri create a problem?
Alabama and Illinois had just been admitted to Union James Tallmadge of NY proposed that Mo should alter its constitution to be a free state Objection to 3/5 clause an agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slaves in apportioning Representatives, Presidential electors, and direct taxes. Henry Clay brokered two compromises Thomas Amendment of 36-30 “Firebell in the Night” In an April 21 letter to John Holmes, Thom. Jefferson wrote that the division of the country created by the Compromise line would eventually lead to the destruction of the Union Difficulty of slavery as an issue in national politics
Missouri - applied for statehood in 1819 Balance of free and slave states in question Tallmadge Amendment - limited attempt ot eliminate slaver in MO - angered southern states Henry Clay (Kentucky) proposed a compromise: 1. MO Admitted as a slaveholding state 2. Maine Admitted as a free state Louisiana Territory - north of 36˚ 30’ N - slavery prohibited Monroe signed in 1820
THE COMPROMISE YEARS 1820-1854 The Missouri Compromise of 1820 Problem #1: If Missouri joined the Union as a _____ state, the South would have ___ senators and the North would only have only ___ senators. 12 southern states=___ senators 11 northern states =___ senators (Each state has two senators)