Presentation on theme: "The Era of Good Feelings Gives Way to"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Era of Good Feelings Gives Way to Sectional ConflictCh 10.3
2 Vocabulary Sectionalism 2. internal improvements: 3. American System: : loyalty to a region, above loyalty to the nation as a wholeSectionalism2. internal improvements:3. American System:4. : Disarmament:5. demilitarize:6. court-martial:federal projects such as canals and roads to develop the nation’s transportation systempolicies by Henry Clay to stimulate the growth of industry to help America become self-sufficientRemoval of weaponsTo remove armed forces from an areaTrial held in a military court
5 Sectionalism Grows What sections were in conflict? Why? North vs. South vs. West – differences in economy led to differences in politicsNew England knows what the country needs.No, the West does!You’re both wrong. The South is right.
6 5. 4 issues that created sectional conflict in this time period: 6. Southerners stressed the importance of _________________.Sectional Conflictinternal improvementswould cost gov’t money lead to more taxes higher tariffsslaverytariffsnational bankStates’ rightsWe have more power than you do!
7 John C. CalhounSouth Carolina7. Describe John C. Calhoun – 8. Calhoun emerged as one of the chief supporters of ________________________, the idea that states have ________________________. Calhoun became an opponent of ____________because they raised the price of manufactured goods. He also argued that tariffs protected inefficient manufacturers.planter from SC; War Hawk; nationalist at first, but changed to sectionalist; originally thought American Plan would help the South, later changed his mind due to tariffStates’ rightsMore powertariffsTARIFF
9 Henry Clay Describe Henry Clay – KentuckyDescribe Henry Clay –12. Henry Clay became known as the national leader who tried to resolve throughKentucky War Hawk; Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1811; represented the interests of the West (western states); helped negotiate the Treaty of GhentSectional disputescompromise
10 Missouri Compromise, 182013. Why did the state of Missouri cause great controversy?whether or not to let it enter the Union as a slave state; would upset the balance of power in Congress (the Senate) where there were an equal number of slave and free states.Free statesSlave states
11 Missouri Compromise, 1820 Missouri Compromise 14. The _________________ _____ of 1820 (also called the Compromise of 1820) provided for the admission of ____________ as a ___________ state and _____________ (separating from Massachusetts) as a _____________ state. The agreement banned slavery in the rest of the Louisiana Territory north of the ________________ parallel.MissourislaveMainefreeFree36°30’ NorthSlave
12 The American SystemWhose idea was the American system? (and prevent another situation like that leading to War of 1812).Henry Clay – to develop US industryA self-sufficient nation is a strong nation.
13 The American SystemProtective Tariffwould protect developing industries from foreign competition by raising the price of imported manufactured goods from other countriesInternal Improvementsroad, canals, and other transportation projects would stimulate trade - would help manufacturers get raw materials to factories and move finished products to markets to sellNational Bankwould control inflation (rising prices due to drop in value of money) and lend money to help build industries
14 Who opposed the American System? Why? Southerners who opposed the tariff – English merchants paid them for their cotton in manufactured goods which would be taxed by a tariffJefferson and other Southerners thought it would favor wealthy New England merchantsSome thought the cost of internal improvements would lead to an increase in the tariffI and the other Southerners don’t like this at all.
15 McCulloch v. Maryland16. Explain the debate involved in McCulloch v. Maryland and the final decision in the case. Why was the decision significant?The state of Maryland was trying to tax the Baltimore branch of the Second Bank of the U.S. (a federal bank). Maryland lost – couldn’t tax it. The Supreme Court said the federal government got their authority from the people, not from the states, so a state can’t control (or tax) a federal institution.
16 Gibbons v. Ogden17. Why was the court’s decision in Gibbons v. Ogden significant?This ruling strengthened the national government –said a state could not interfere with Congress’s power over interstate trade
17 Foreign Affairs18. How did the Rush-Bagot Treaty and the Convention of 1818 settle problems with Great Britain?Rush-Bagot Treaty:set limits on US and British ships on Great Lakesstarted disarmament along US-Canadian borderConvention of 1818:set US-Canadian border in the Louisiana Territory at the 49th North paralleldemilitarized the border
18 Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson was a US Army officer in the South. Seminole warriors living in Florida were crossing the Spanish-US border into Georgia and attacking American settlements. Then they fled back across the border where US Army couldn’t follow them.Jackson was finally told to follow the Seminole next time they attacked, but to break off the pursuit if they took refuge at a Spanish fort.
19 Trouble on the BorderJackson followed the Seminole into Florida after the next raid.The Seminole took refuge at the fortified city of St. Augustine.Jackson sent a message to his commanders telling them he was attacking the city unless they notified him and told him to stop.Jackson not only attacked the city, he also claimed Florida for the U.S.
20 Spain, you know it’s really all your fault. An international conflict erupted between the US and Spain. Many people wanted Jackson court-martialed.Monroe’s Secretary of State John Quincy Adams (son of John Adams) defended Jackson, saying that Spain had properly policed it’s territory and stopped the Seminole, no US military action would have been needed.The US then negotiated the Adams-Oñís Treaty, purchasing east and west Florida from Spain.
21 Adams-Oñís Treaty, 1819 terms: Spain gave East Florida to the U.S. Spain gave up all claims to West Florida – U.S. got it.U.S. gave up claims to Spanish Texas (some had said it was part of Louisiana Purchase)U.S. gave up $5 million in claims against Spain due to property damage caused by Seminole and loss of runaway slavesSet the border between U.S. and New Spain along Louisiana Purchase; gave the U.S. a claim to the Pacific Northwest
22 James Monroe and Foreign Policy 20. How did James Monroe change the nation’s foreign policy?Spain wanted European help to regain many of the colonies it lost to revolutions in South and Central America (Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and others). Pres. Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine, which declared that the U.S. would not allow new European colonies in North or South America.Europe, KEEP OUT of the Americas!
23 James Monroe and Foreign Policy 20. How did James Monroe change the nation’s foreign policy?The U.S. could not enforce the Monroe Doctrine at that time, but the British helped enforce it. They were trading with new countries and did not want that trade hurt. Monroe Doctrine is still an important part of U.S. foreign policy today.Europe, KEEP OUT of the Americas!