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UNESCO Institute for Statistics Shailendra Sigdel Statistical Advisor for South Asia UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO New Delhi

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Presentation on theme: "UNESCO Institute for Statistics Shailendra Sigdel Statistical Advisor for South Asia UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO New Delhi"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Shailendra Sigdel Statistical Advisor for South Asia UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO New Delhi South Asian Regional Conference on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policies and Practices: Towards 2015 and Beyond

2 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Outline of the presentation 2 Data collection mechanism on ECCE to monitor EFA Goal 1 Status of ECCE at global, regional and South and West Asia Issues and challenges of data collection on ECCE/ECD Way forward to develop ECCE/ECD monitoring mechanism

3 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Education for All Dakar Goals and Millennium Development Goals 1. 1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. 2.Achieve universal primary education- Objective Promote gender equality and empower women- Objective Reduce child mortality, and other health goals 1. 1.Expand and improve comprehensive early childhood care and education 2. 2.Universal primary education by Learning and life skills programmes for youth and adults % increase in adult literacy rates by Gender parity by 2005 and gender equality by Improving quality of education MDGsEFA Goals

4 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Why international statistics to monitor EFA goals? Comparative data:  allows countries to learn from one another and to benchmark  provides the global picture  is used for international accountability  offers external view on your system

5 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Structure of International Standard Classification on Education (ISCED), 1997 The 7 LEVELS of education are: ISCED 0 = Pre-primary ISCED 1 = Primary ISCED 2 = Lower secondary ISCED 3 = Upper secondary ISCED 4 = Post-secondary non-tertiary ISCED 5 = First stage of tertiary education (not leading directly to an advanced research qualification) ISCED 6 = Second stage of tertiary education (leading to an advanced research qualification)

6 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Key features of ISCED 0 Designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment It is school- or centre-based Programmes are designed for children aged 3 and over It ends at the normal age for entry at primary Staff may have teaching qualifications

7 UNESCO Institute for Statistics ISCED 0: UIS data collection  Boundary between education and child care UIS collects data on the Education part of Early Childhood Care and Education  School- or Centre-based Not households or family settings  Age range Typically 3-6 years old Cannot be ISCED 0 if serving children aged two years or less

8 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Adopted new ISCED 2011 guidelines  ISCED 0: will be in two categories: Early childhood educational development (for children 0-2 years)- New provision Pre-primary education (targeted at children aged 3 and above) - equivalent to ISCED 0 in ISCED

9 UNESCO Institute for Statistics EFA Goal 1: Early childhood care and education (ECCE)- Global Indicators  Gross/Net Enrolment Rate Enrolment by age, providers, sex  % of New Entrance in Grade 1 with ECD experience New Entrance by age, sex  Public Finance related indicators % of GDP/GNP % of total education expenditure % of expenditure per pupil as a percentage of GDP per capita

10 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Primary vehicles of disseminationUNDP Human Development Report UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report UNICEF State of the World’s Children World Bank World Development Indicators UIS GED Global Education Digest

11 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Analytical framework- to ensure equity and quality 11 Input Process Output Outcomes What goes into the system What goes into the system What happens in the system What happens in the system What products are made in the system What immediate results achieved What immediate results achieved

12 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Entrance age of ECCE and compulsory education 12 YearECCE age groups Free/Compulsory education Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan (1 year Pre-primary included) India Iran (Islamic Republic of) Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Source: UIS database and ISCED mapping of individual country

13 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Share of regions in ECCE enrolment,

14 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Progress in ECCE  Increased pre-primary education enrolment In 2010, 163 million children were enrolled in pre- primary education programmes, an increase of 46% since 1999, EFA baseline Two regions have noted more than 100% increase in enrolment since South and West Asia and Sub Saharan Africa. The largest increase is found in South and West Asia, with 125% increment. The enrolment has reached 48 million. 14 Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

15 UNESCO Institute for Statistics 15 ECCE enrolment trends by region and year (in%) Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

16 UNESCO Institute for Statistics ECCE Enrolment trends by South and West Asian countries and year (in %) 16 Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

17 UNESCO Institute for Statistics ECCE Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) by region and year Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

18 UNESCO Institute for Statistics ECCE Gross Enrolment Rate by SA and WA countries and year 18 :, Source: UIS database and National Estimate for Nepal for 2010, Pakistan 2005 and Afghanistan 2000 data for both points, Sri Lanka data is missing

19 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Gender Parity Index (GPI) in ECCE GER :, Source: UIS database and National Estimate for Nepal for 2010, Pakistan 2005 and Afghanistan 2000 data for both points, Sri Lanka data is missing

20 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Providers :Public-Private mix Region Countries according to % of private pre- primary enrolment Low (0% to 32%) Medium (33% to 66%) High (67% to 100%) Sub-Saharan Africa 8712 Arab States 3413 Central Asia 8 East Asia and the Pacific 856 South and West Asia 121 Latin America/Caribbean North America/West. Europe 1181 Central and Eastern Europe 18 Total Source: UNESCO GMR, 2007

21 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Educational expenditure in pre-primary as % of total educational expenditure, 2009 (=>10%) (Alphabetical order) Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

22 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Educational expenditure in pre-primary as % of total educational expenditure 22 YearLatest available AfghanistanNA BangladeshNegligible BhutanNegligible IndiaNA Iran (Islamic Republic of)0.8 Maldives9.7 Nepal1.5 PakistanNA Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August, 2012

23 UNESCO Institute for Statistics ECCE expenditure as % of total education expenditure, comparison of by regions (country) Source: UIS datacenter accessed in August,

24 UNESCO Institute for Statistics 24 Percentage of Aid to Primary Education: ECCE- A low priority for Development Partners Source: UNESCO GMR, 2007

25 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Issues and Challenges of monitoring EFA Goal 1  Low coverage of data including expenditure  Not in structure of education, implementing as additional programme – difficult to account expenditure  No physical facilities data at international level  Gray line between ECCE and ECCD- Ministry is responsible for ECCE and ECCD, difficult to account only one part  Uncoordinated interventions/monitoring at the national level  NGOs and private sector are playing substantial role and not accounted financial contributions  Difficult to map in ISCED – education oriented and other than (health and protection) education oriented 25

26 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Way forward on ECD Monitoring  Identifying common learning goals for ECD, primary and secondary on Competency for Early Childhood with Brookings (Central for Universal Education)  Developing Holistic Early Childhood Development Index including education, health, nutrition and protection of children from zero to eight years of age  Launching Regional module for effective monitoring at regional level from 2014  Enhancing capacity on data collection, compiling and analysis for effective monitoring 26

27 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Available online,Available online, 3 updates per year3 updates per year –May –October –December UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data Center for updated international data

28 UNESCO Institute for Statistics Thank You! Shailendra Sigdel


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