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Education indicators in the HDI: Expected years of schooling and mean years of schooling Friedrich Huebler UNESCO Institute for Statistics Workshop on.

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Presentation on theme: "Education indicators in the HDI: Expected years of schooling and mean years of schooling Friedrich Huebler UNESCO Institute for Statistics Workshop on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Education indicators in the HDI: Expected years of schooling and mean years of schooling Friedrich Huebler UNESCO Institute for Statistics Workshop on Measuring Human Development Eschborn, 14 June 2013

2 Indicator 1: School life expectancy SLE is the UIS term for expected years of schooling Definition: SLE = number of years a child of school entrance age can expect to spend in a given level of education Example: SLE for primary to secondary education – 4 grades of primary, 8 grades of secondary education – All children complete secondary education – All children repeat one grade – SLE for primary to secondary education = 13 years Slide 1 of 10

3 School life expectancy at age a for level l in year t Enrolment of population at age i in level l in year t Population of age i in year t Calculation of SLE SLE = sum of age specific enrolment rates for a given level of education Slide 2 of 10 Enrolment of unknown age in level l in year t School-age population for level l in year t Theoretical duration of level l in year t

4 SLE for primary to tertiary education, Source: UIS database, June Latest available data for 139 countries. SLE ISCED 1-6: Min. 4.6 years Mean 13.2 years Max years Slide 3 of 10

5 Interpretation of SLE: Factors to consider 1.Treatment of pre-primary education – UIS excludes enrolment in ISCED 0 2.Starting age for calculation of SLE – UIS considers enrolment of all ages (0 years and older) – Small effect: small enrolment divided by large population 3.Repetition – High number of repeaters means more years spent in school – Alternative: SLE net of repetition 4.Adult education – Included in calculation of SLE for some countries until Full-time equivalent – No distinction between part-time and full-time education 6.Enrolment and population from different sources of data 7.Changes in education systems over time Slide 4 of 10

6 School life expectancy at age a for level l in year t Enrolment of population at age i in level l in year t Population of age i in year t Enrolment of unknown age in level l in year t School-age population for level l in year t Theoretical duration of level l in year t Repeaters in level l in year t Calculation of SLE net of repetition Slide 5 of 10 Note: SLEN can only be calculated for ISCED levels 1 to 3. No data on repeaters for higher levels.

7 SLE and SLE net of repetition, ISCED 1-3, Source: UIS database, June Latest available data for 124 countries. Difference SLE – SLEN: Min. 0 years Mean 0.49 years Max years Slide 6 of 10

8 Indicator 2: Mean years of schooling Definition: average number of completed years of education of a population (HDI: 25 years and older) Indicator not yet produced by UIS Goal: first UIS MYS database by October 2013, in collaboration with HDRO UIS has data on educational attainment for years since 1946 Annual UIS survey on educational attainment: Highest level of education completed for population 10 years and older Slide 7 of 10

9 Calculation of MYS Similar approach as Barro and Lee (1993, 2010) Example: – 4 grades of primary, 8 grades of secondary education – 50% completed primary education – 50% completed secondary education – MYS = 0.5× ×(4+8) = = 8 years Mean years of schooling Number of years of schooling for level l Share of population for which level l is highest level attained Slide 8 of 10

10 Challenges 1.Limited data coverage – Example: Sub-Saharan Africa: no data for 28 of 45 countries 2.Combination of levels of attainment – Example: Austria: 25% completed lower secondary (includes no schooling, incomplete primary, completed primary) 3.Limited data on incomplete levels of education – No data on percentage of population that started but did not complete ISCED levels 2 to 6 – No data on years completed of incomplete levels of education 4.Limited data on years spent in tertiary education 5.Changes in education systems over time 6.Foreign qualifications not always captured Slide 9 of 10

11 MYS: Next steps for UIS Collection and analysis of educational attainment data – Review existing database – Collect and analyse data from additional sources, including household surveys – Revise UIS questionnaire on educational attainment to reflect changes in ISCED 2011, ask for data on MYS Methodology – Test UIS model for MYS calculation, interpolation, projection – Document UIS methodology – Convene expert group to review and validate methodology Dissemination – Disseminate first set of UIS MYS estimates by October 2013 – Expand UIS database – Establish country review of MYS data Slide 10 of 10

12 Contact information Friedrich Huebler Programme Specialist Education Indicators and Data Analysis UNESCO Institute for Statistics


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