1 Tuesday 13th September, 2011 Mombasa Continental Resort Kenya MONITORING AND MEASURING PROGRESS IN EDUCATION FOR ALL (EFA) SINCE DAKAR: NATIONAL ASSESSMENT IN KENYA Paper Presented by HON. AMB. PROF SAM K. ONGERI, EGH, MP MINISTER FOR EDUCATION KENYATuesday 13th September, Mombasa Continental ResortKenya
2 IntroductionWorld Conference on Education held in Jomtien, Thailand in 1990 and Dakar 2000Governments resolved to provide equitable and quality education to the entire populationSix goals and targets were set to be achieved by the target year 2015
3 Introduction Cont’EFA Global Monitoring Reports have indicated that many countries particularly sub- Saharan Africa and some countries in the Asia Pacific region may be at the risk of not attaining the EFA targets by 2015Sharing of experiences among countries in development of strategies to meet EFA in the remaining year until 2015 is considered critical
4 IntroductionHence the organization of this meeting-The Eastern Africa HL Forum on EFA which is the first meeting of its kind in the regionThe need to measure and monitor progress of all EFA goals cannot be overemphasized - it helps to guide in developing focused policies for targeted interventions
5 Kenya’s Initiatives for monitoring progress in attainment of EFA, since Dakar In 2001, Kenya developed a national action plan on EFA –the Kenya’s EFA handbook (2001) which articulated issues and strategies of achieving EFA goalsIn 2005, Kenya developed a Sessional Paper No. 1 on a Policy Framework for Education, Training and Research which provides strategies for the attainment of EFA by 2015.
6 Initiatives Cont’The Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP) was prepared in pursuit of the Millennium Development goals (MDGs) and Education for All , and coordinated through a Sector wide Approach (SWAP). The programme has an inbuilt monitoring systemKESSP prioritized twenty three (23) investment programme areas to ensure delivery of quality education and address relevant issues from other sectors which may jeopardize the provision of education to all.
7 KESSP 23 Investment programmes 1. Primary Education2. Early Childhood Development Education3. Non Formal Schools and Non Formal Education4. Special Needs Education5. HIV and AIDS (OVCs)6. Adult & Basic Education7. School Health, Nutrition and Feeding8. School instructional materials
8 KESSP Investment programmes Cont’ 9. Pre-Service Primary Teacher Education10 .In-Service Primary Teacher Education11. Expanding Educational Opportunities in Arid and Semi Arid Lands12. Capacity Building13. Education Management Information System14. Information and Communication Technology in Education15. Guidance and Counseling16. Secondary Education
9 KESSP Investment programmes Cont’ 17. Secondary INSET18. Quality Assurance and Standards19. Technical, Industrial, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Education20. University Education21. Teacher Management22. Gender and Education23. Monitoring and Evaluation
10 Kenya EFA End-Decade Assessment (EDA) Kenya launched EFA EDA in May 2010 and process is successfully completed. A draft report has been produced (copies of executive summary distributed)The National EFA EDA was primarily aimed at:Capacity buildingAssessing the progress made on Education For all Goals since 2000
11 Kenya EFA EDA Process Cont’ Specific objectives were to:review progress made in EFA interventions since 2000;identify challenges in the implementation of EFA commitments;take a closer look at the issue of the unreached/marginalized populations; andrecommend appropriate interventions to enhance achieving EFA goals by
12 Kenya EFA EDA Process Cont’ Ministry of Education constituted a technical team drawn from line Ministries implementing related education programmes, civil society, NGOs as well as the development partnersFormed a Steering Committee made of permanent secretaries and senior officers from these organizations to oversee the processThe assessment process is currently on going in a few Eastern Africa countries (Uganda, Eritrea, and Rwanda).
13 Core Indicators Evaluated Kenya team identified 51 core indicators to be evaluated from the original 18Goal 1. ECCE ( additional 4)Goal 2. UBE (additional 2)Goal 3. LIFE SKILLS 7 (additional 6Goal 4. LITERACY (additional 1)Goal 5. GENDER (additional 7)Goal 6. QUALITY (additional 4)
14 Some Key FindingsEnrolment and participation rates have increased at all levels due to various interventions(i.e. FPE, FDSE)Near gender parity at primary and secondary school levels.Increased opportunities for life skills and lifelong learning(TIVET, peace education…).
15 Increase in enrolment in pre-primary, primary and secondary between 2000 and 2010 from 1.3m to 2.2m, 6.2 m to 9.4 m and 0.8 m to 1.7 m by 76%, 52%, 114% respectively
16 Higher participation at preprimary, primary and secondary education levels, improved GER from 44.8% to 60.9%, 92.7% to 109.8% and 25.5% to 47.8% in 2000 and 2010 respectively.
17 Improved NER and hence less school going age population to stand at 41 Improved NER and hence less school going age population to stand at 41.8%, preprimary, 91.4%, primary and 32.0 % in secondary in 2010
18 Challenges Existence of out of school children Regional disparities Quality and relevance of education is still a concernInadequate resourcesLack of comprehensive data
19 Present report to Steering Committee for adoption WAY FORWARDFinalize the reportPresent report to Steering Committee for adoptionPresent findings to stakeholdersPublish final report and widely disseminate findingsDraw up a road map to 2015 and beyond
22 Goal 1 ECCE 1. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in ECCE programmes 2. % of new entrants to primary Grade 1 who have attended some form of organized ECCE programme3. Enrolment in private ECCE centres as a % of total enrolment in ECCE programmes4. % of children under age 5 suffering from stunting5. % of HHDs consuming Iodized salt6. % of trained teachers in ECCE programmes7. Public expenditure on ECCE programmes as a % of total public expenditure on education
23 Goal 2. Achieving Universal Primary/Basic Education 8. Gross Intake Rate (GIR) in primary education9. Net Intake Rate (NIR) in primary education10. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in- i. primary education, ii. secondary education11. Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) in: i. primary education, ii. Secondary education12. Repetition Rate (RR) by grade in primaryeducation13. Survival Rate to Grade 5
24 14. Primary Cohort Completion Rate 15. Transition Rate (TR) from primary to secondary education16. % of trained teachers in primary education17. Pupil/Teacher Ratio (PTR) in primary education18. Public expenditure on primary education as a % of total public expenditure on education
25 21. Youth Literacy Rate (age 15 to 24) Goal 3: Life Skills & Lifelong Learning19. Number and % distribution of the adult population by educational attainment20. Number and % distribution of young people aged years by educational attainment21. Youth Literacy Rate (age 15 to 24)22. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for technical and vocational education and training23. Number and % distribution of lifelong learning/continuing education centres and programmes for young people and adults
26 Goal 3: Life Skills & Lifelong Learning Cont’ 24. Number and % distribution of young people and adults enrolled in lifelong learning/continuing education programmes25. Number and percentage distribution of teachers/facilitators in Lifelong learning/continuing education programmes for young people and adults
27 26. Adult literacy rate (age 15+) Goal 4: Literacy26. Adult literacy rate (age 15+)27. Youth literacy rate (age 15 to 24)28. Gender Parity Index for Adult Literacy29. Public expenditure on adult literacy and continuing education as a percentage of total public expenditure on education
28 Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity 30. Gender Parity Index for: adult literacy31. Gender Parity Index for: GER in ECCE32. Gender Parity Index for: GIR in primary education33. Gender Parity Index for: NIR in primary education
29 Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’ 34. Gender Parity Index for:GER in primary educationGER in secondary education35. Gender Parity Index for:NER in primary educationNER in secondary education36. Gender Parity Index for: Survival Rate to Grade 5
30 Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’ 37. Gender Parity Index for:Transition Rate from primary to secondary education38. Percentage of female enrolment in:• ECCE• Primary education• Secondary education• Technical and vocational education and training• Literacy and continuing education• Higher education
31 Goal 5: Gender Parity & Equity Cont’ 39. Percentage of female teachers in:ECCEPrimary educationSecondary educationTechnical and vocational education and trainingLiteracy and continuing educationHigher education
32 Goal 6: Quality Education 40. Survival Rate to Grade 541. Primary Cohort Completion Rate42. % of primary school teachers having the required academic qualifications43. % of school teachers who are certified to teach according to national standards for:ECCEPrimary educationSecondary educationLiteracy and continuing education
33 Goal 6: Quality Education 44. Pupil/Teacher Ratio (PTR) for:Primary educationSecondary education45. Pupil/Class Ratio (PCR) for:46. Pupil/Textbook Ratio (PBR) for:
34 Goal 6: Quality Education 47. Public expenditure on education as a % of total government expenditure48. Public expenditure on education as a % of Gross National Product (GNP)49. Public expenditure on primary/ secondary education per pupil as a % of GNP per capita50. % of schools with improved water sources51. % of schools with improved sanitation facilities