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1 India Education For All Overview of Progress and Challenges E-9 Ministerial Meeting 8-10, November 2012 New Delhi, India.

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Presentation on theme: "1 India Education For All Overview of Progress and Challenges E-9 Ministerial Meeting 8-10, November 2012 New Delhi, India."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 India Education For All Overview of Progress and Challenges E-9 Ministerial Meeting 8-10, November 2012 New Delhi, India

2 Overview Diverse contexts and conditions – consists of 35 States and Union Territories About 1.3 million schools of which 87% are in rural areas Involves around 190 million children and 6 million teachers at the elementary stage of education Demographic changes – increasing youth population – shrinking cohort of children entering primary schools

3 Overview of Progress Universal Primary Education and Literacy Access – Universal access to all within the neihbourhood Primary Enrolment Ratios – Near Universal at 97% Primary Completion rate – around 70% - cause for concern Literacy – 81% - on track for achieving 2015 goal

4 Overview of Progress Towards Gender Equality Significant reduction in gender disparity but needs improvement Ratio of boys to girls in education – near parity in primary level - but still at around 0.87 overall and Gender parity index in literacy is around 0.84 – youth literacy is near parity One of the major focus areas being pursued – special programmatic thrusts

5 Overview of Progress Major Programmatic Initiatives Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan – Programme for Universalisation of Elementary Education Universal provision of Mid-Day Meals in schools Integrated Child Development Programme covering all children of 0-6 years Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan – Programme for Universalisation of Secondary Education Sakshar Bharat – National Literacy Programme with special focus on Youth and women

6 Right to Education Education as a Fundamental Right Landmark event Amendment to Constitution in 2002 Right To Education Act notified in April 2010 Making Free and Compulsory Education a basic Right - Looking to ensure that all children not only have access to education but access to education of good quality

7 Right to Education Act Some Key Provisions Rights and Entitlements of children Ensuring Participation of Children in Schools – Responsibility of the State Specifies Teacher qualifications, Pupil Teacher Ratio Benchmark for Schools - Specification of infrastructure and academic provisions Nature of Curriculum – Teaching Learning Process – Child Centred – National Values Independent Bodies at Central and State levels for Monitoring the Protection of Child Rights – National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

8 Right to Education Act Some Key Provisions Focus on Equity and Social Justice Special Provisions made for marginalised groups - Scheduled Caste children, tribal groups, children with special needs New Framework for Participation of Private providers - 25% reservation for children from disadvantaged groups Child friendly classrooms Ban on corporal punishment and classroom free of fear and anxiety Calls for education through mother tongue (Without making it compulsory)

9 Continuing Challenges Retaining children in Schools to complete elementary with particular focus on girls and the disadvantaged – Around 40% children aged 6-14 years drop out without completing 8 years of schooling Strategy – (a) Special Training to mainstream out of school children and drop outs – age appropriate classes ; (b) Programmes for girls including residential schools; (c) Mid-day Meals for all; (d) Draw support from NGOs

10 Continuing Challenges Problem of Qualified Teachers - Around one million additional teachers to be recruited and trained to meet RTE norms. Strategy – (a) Teacher Eligibility Tests to improve quality; (b) Additional Teacher Training Institutions in Educationally Backward Blocks; (c) Use of Modern Technology and open learning systems for professional development of Practicing Teachers

11 Continuing Challenges Enhancing Learning Outcomes – Independent assessments as well as Surveys by NCERT show that majority of children completing 5 yrs of schooling lack basic competencies Strategy - Special programme of Quality Enhancement – (a) Curriculum and Textbooks Reform (National Curriculum Framework); (b) Reforming classroom teaching – Ability Based Learning; (c) Revamping Learner Evaluation – Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation

12 Continuing Challenges Out-of-school Adolescents and Young Adults – Large number still fail to complete schooling and enter the world of work Strategy – (a) Special Programmes of life skills for Adolescents and Youth – through National Literacy Mission; (b) Expansion of open schooling network to reach the unreached; (c) Assessing and certifying skills acquired through non-formal education under the National Vocational Education Qualification Framework (NVEQF)

13 13 Towards A brighter future for Indias children

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