Presentation on theme: "Modals: may, might, can, could"— Presentation transcript:
1Modals: may, might, can, could UNIT 4Modals: may, might, can, could
2Modal verbs: Give an indication of the speaker’s attitude Can indicate degrees of certainty, uncertainty, etc.
3Ability Can expresses ability in the present; could in the past Talk about an achievement and to express that someone was succesful:Was/were able toManaged to + infinitiveSucceeded in + verb + ing
4PermissionCan to express permission; cannot/can’t to express prohibitionMay: sometimes used to express permition/prohibition in a formal way
5Request, suggestions and polite orders Can/could: to make offers, requests, and give polite ordersMight: to request permission in a polite way
6Possibility and probability May, might and could are used to speculate about the possibility of eventsMay, might and could + have + past participleTo speculate in the pastTo talk about possibilities in the past that did not happen
7Cannot/can’t: to express negative certainty based on evidence Cannot/can’t + have + past participle: to express negative certainty in the pastCan and could: used to talk about theoretical possibilityMay, might and could + be + verb + -ing: to speculate about events in the present/future