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Hover over the diagram for information on that part Training Principles The Basic Principles of Training Please put the PowerPoint in slide show mode and.

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Presentation on theme: "Hover over the diagram for information on that part Training Principles The Basic Principles of Training Please put the PowerPoint in slide show mode and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hover over the diagram for information on that part Training Principles The Basic Principles of Training Please put the PowerPoint in slide show mode and move to slide 2 for interactivity

2 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Hover over a Square for more information Individual differences AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecoveryVariation

3 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Individual differences Performers respond differently to the same training. This is due to factors such as gender, age, the individual’s state of training, the characteristics athletes have inherited from their parents, their personal commitment and their level of physical and mental maturity. AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecoveryVariation Individual differences

4 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Adaptation Is the way the body responds to the training programme. The parts of the body that are actively stressed during exercise adapt to those stresses, leading to an increase in performance. For example, muscle strength and tone (dependent certain factors) will be increased by following a resistance training programme. Individual differences Overload Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecoveryVariation Adaptation

5 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Overload For the body’s systems to make these adaptations, they must be overloaded. Just taking part in an activity will not necessarily result in any improvements in fitness, as the body will not be stressed to a greater extent than normal. Individual differences Adaptation Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecoveryVariation Overload

6 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Progression The overload imposed on an athlete must be progressive. If a training programme stays at the same intensity for a whole year, adaptations will only be evident at the beginning, as after this the body will no longer be overloaded. For example, a sedentary participant may increase the level of cardiovascular training from walking, to a 5 minute jog, to a 10 minute jog over a period of 6 weeks. Individual differences AdaptationOverload Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecoveryVariation Progression

7 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Reversibility The adaptations that take place as a result of training are all reversible. Adaptations to endurance training can be lost more quickly than it takes to achieve them while strength gains are lost more slowly. Individual differences AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles SpecificityRecoveryVariation Reversibility

8 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Specificity Is the least complex training principle. In order for a training programme to be effective it must be specific for the sport and position of the performer. Individual differences AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles Reversibility RecoveryVariation Specificity

9 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Recovery Is one of the most overlooked principles of training. It is during the recovery sessions that the adaptations to training take place. Recovery sessions may not necessarily mean complete rest. Periods of lower intensity activity will allow the body to adapt without increasing the stress placed on it. These periods are excellent opportunities for work on technique and tactics. Individual differences AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityVariation Recovery

10 Hover over the diagram for information on that part The Basic Principles of Training Variation If training programmes are repetitious, athletes can soon become bored and lose their motivation. Individual differences AdaptationOverload Progression Training Principles Reversibility SpecificityRecovery Variation


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