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© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 23 – The Respiratory System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Structures of the Respiratory.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 23 – The Respiratory System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Structures of the Respiratory."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 23 – The Respiratory System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Structures of the Respiratory System Functions of the Respiratory System You Inspire Me It’s the Law Waiting to Exhale FINAL ROUND

2 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure is part of the lower respiratory system? a. larynx b. pharynx c. internal nares d. soft palate Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $100 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure is part of the lower respiratory system? a. larynx b. pharynx c. internal nares d. soft palate Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $100 Answer BACK TO GAME

4 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure is the final part of the conduction portion of the respiratory system? a. alveolar sacs b. tertiary bronchi c. respiratory bronchioles d. terminal bronchioles Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $200 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure is the final part of the conduction portion of the respiratory system? a. alveolar sacs b. tertiary bronchi c. respiratory bronchioles d. terminal bronchioles Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $200 Answer BACK TO GAME

6 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why are the cartilages that reinforce the trachea C-shaped? a. to prevent damage to the trachea b. to conform to the shape of the thorax c. to allow room for esophageal expansion d. to ensure normal cardiac functioning Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $300 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why are the cartilages that reinforce the trachea C-shaped? a. to prevent damage to the trachea b. to conform to the shape of the thorax c. to allow room for esophageal expansion d. to ensure normal cardiac functioning Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $300 Answer BACK TO GAME

8 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which arteries supply blood to the conducting portions of the respiratory tract? a. internal carotid arteries b. pulmonary arteries c. bronchial arteries d. pulmonary veins Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $400 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which arteries supply blood to the conducting portions of the respiratory tract? a. internal carotid arteries b. pulmonary arteries c. bronchial arteries d. pulmonary veins Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $400 Answer BACK TO GAME

10 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What path does air take when flowing from the glottis to the respiratory membrane? a. larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, respiratory bronchioles, alveoli b. larynx, trachea, respiratory bronchioles, bronchioles, alveoli c. trachea, bronchi, larynx, bronchioles, alveolar duct, alveolar sac d. larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi, alveolar sac, respiratory membrane Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $500 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What path does air take when flowing from the glottis to the respiratory membrane? a. larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, respiratory bronchioles, alveoli b. larynx, trachea, respiratory bronchioles, bronchioles, alveoli c. trachea, bronchi, larynx, bronchioles, alveolar duct, alveolar sac d. larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi, alveolar sac, respiratory membrane Topic1: Structures of the Respiratory System $500 Answer BACK TO GAME

12 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What statement(s) is (are) true with regard to the respiratory membrane? a. It is formed by the fusion of endothelium and simple squamous cells of the alveoli. b. Diffusion of gases across the respiratory membrane occurs rapidly. c. Transport of O 2 and CO 2 across the respiratory membrane is simultaneous. d. All of the above statements are true. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $100 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What statement(s) is (are) true with regard to the respiratory membrane? a. It is formed by the fusion of endothelium and simple squamous cells of the alveoli. b. Diffusion of gases across the respiratory membrane occurs rapidly. c. Transport of O 2 and CO 2 across the respiratory membrane is simultaneous. d. All of the above statements are true. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $100 Answer BACK TO GAME

14 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What statement below is true of the pleura? a. It secretes surfactant and reduces surface tension. b. It secretes mucus that traps particulate matter. c. It is attached to the diaphragm and thoracic wall. d. It prevents friction between the heart and lungs. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $200 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What statement below is true of the pleura? a. It secretes surfactant and reduces surface tension. b. It secretes mucus that traps particulate matter. c. It is attached to the diaphragm and thoracic wall. d. It prevents friction between the heart and lungs. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $200 Answer BACK TO GAME

16 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What role do the nasal conchae play in the respiratory system? a. trapping airborne particles in mucus b. warming and humidifying incoming air c. bringing olfactory stimulation to olfactory receptors d. all of the above Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $300 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What role do the nasal conchae play in the respiratory system? a. trapping airborne particles in mucus b. warming and humidifying incoming air c. bringing olfactory stimulation to olfactory receptors d. all of the above Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $300 Answer BACK TO GAME

18 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. If surfactant is not produced, alveoli _____ due to ______. a. contract; elastic recoil of lungs b. collapse; increase in surface tension c. expand; decrease in intrapleural pressure d. burst; increase in intrapulmonary pressure Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $400 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. If surfactant is not produced, alveoli _____ due to ______. a. contract; elastic recoil of lungs b. collapse; increase in surface tension c. expand; decrease in intrapleural pressure d. burst; increase in intrapulmonary pressure Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $400 Answer BACK TO GAME

20 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is NOT TRUE concerning the efficiency of gas exchange? a. Total surface area for gas exchange is large. b. Gases are lipid soluble. c. The difference in partial pressure across the respiratory membrane is minimal. d. Blood flow and airflow are coordinated. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $500 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is NOT TRUE concerning the efficiency of gas exchange? a. Total surface area for gas exchange is large. b. Gases are lipid soluble. c. The difference in partial pressure across the respiratory membrane is minimal. d. Blood flow and airflow are coordinated. Topic 2: Functions of the Respiratory System $500 Answer BACK TO GAME

22 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. If you have maximally exhaled all the air you can (ERV), what is the amount you can now maximally inhale? a. inspiratory reserve volume b. vital capacity c. inspiratory capacity d. residual volume Topic 3: You Inspire Me $100 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. If you have maximally exhaled all the air you can (ERV), what is the amount you can now maximally inhale? a. inspiratory reserve volume b. vital capacity c. inspiratory capacity d. residual volume Topic 3: You Inspire Me $100 Answer BACK TO GAME

24 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. In pneumonia, fluid accumulates in the alveoli of the lungs and bronchioles constrict. What effect does pneumonia have on vital capacity? a. increase in vital capacity b. decrease in vital capacity c. increase in breathing rate, with no effect on vital capacity d. decrease in tidal volume, with no effect on vital capacity Topic 3: You Inspire Me $200 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. In pneumonia, fluid accumulates in the alveoli of the lungs and bronchioles constrict. What effect does pneumonia have on vital capacity? a. increase in vital capacity b. decrease in vital capacity c. increase in breathing rate, with no effect on vital capacity d. decrease in tidal volume, with no effect on vital capacity Topic 3: You Inspire Me $200 Answer BACK TO GAME

26 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which respiratory muscles become actively involved only during a forced inspiration? a. diaphragm and external intercostal muscles b. internal intercostal muscles, as well as external and internal oblique muscles c. pectoralis minor, scalenes, and serratus anterior d. both A and C Topic 3: You Inspire Me $300 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which respiratory muscles become actively involved only during a forced inspiration? a. diaphragm and external intercostal muscles b. internal intercostal muscles, as well as external and internal oblique muscles c. pectoralis minor, scalenes, and serratus anterior d. both A and C Topic 3: You Inspire Me $300 Answer BACK TO GAME

28 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. How is inspiratory capacity calculated? a. It is the amount of air one can inhale beyond T v. b. T v + IRV c. ERV + T v + IRV d. FRC + T v + IRV Topic 3: You Inspire Me $400 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. How is inspiratory capacity calculated? a. It is the amount of air one can inhale beyond T v. b. T v + IRV c. ERV + T v + IRV d. FRC + T v + IRV Topic 3: You Inspire Me $400 Answer BACK TO GAME

30 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why is V A more important than the respiratory minute volume? a. V A determines the rate of O 2 delivery to alveoli. b. V A determines the volume of dead space. c. V A determines the amount of air moved each minute. d. V A determines functional reserve capacity. Topic 3: You Inspire Me $500 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why is V A more important than the respiratory minute volume? a. V A determines the rate of O 2 delivery to alveoli. b. V A determines the volume of dead space. c. V A determines the amount of air moved each minute. d. V A determines functional reserve capacity. Topic 3: You Inspire Me $500 Answer BACK TO GAME

32 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What is the functional relationship between hemoglobin and pH? a. As pH drops, Hb binds more oxygen. b. As pH drops, HbO 2 saturation declines. c. As pH increases, Hb releases O 2 more readily. d. Both A and B are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $100 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What is the functional relationship between hemoglobin and pH? a. As pH drops, Hb binds more oxygen. b. As pH drops, HbO 2 saturation declines. c. As pH increases, Hb releases O 2 more readily. d. Both A and B are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $100 Answer BACK TO GAME

34 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which gas law states, “At a given temperature, the amount of a particular gas in solution is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas”? a. Boyle’s law b. Dalton’s law c. the Bohr effect d. Henry’s law Topic 4: It’s the Law $200 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which gas law states, “At a given temperature, the amount of a particular gas in solution is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas”? a. Boyle’s law b. Dalton’s law c. the Bohr effect d. Henry’s law Topic 4: It’s the Law $200 Answer BACK TO GAME

36 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What does Boyle’s law state concerning the relationship between pressure and volume? a. If you decrease the volume of a gas, its pressure will decrease. b. If you increase the volume of a gas, its pressure will decrease. c. P = 1 / V d. Both B and C are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $300 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What does Boyle’s law state concerning the relationship between pressure and volume? a. If you decrease the volume of a gas, its pressure will decrease. b. If you increase the volume of a gas, its pressure will decrease. c. P = 1 / V d. Both B and C are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $300 Answer BACK TO GAME

38 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. A decrease in pneumotaxic output results in _______ because ______. a. shorter breaths and increased respiration rate; of stimulation of the VRG b. decreased respiratory rate and increased depth of respiration; the apneustic centers are stimulated c. neurons of the VRG activating accessory muscles of inhalation; little pulmonary ventilation is occurring d. none of the above Topic 4: It’s the Law $400 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. A decrease in pneumotaxic output results in _______ because ______. a. shorter breaths and increased respiration rate; of stimulation of the VRG b. decreased respiratory rate and increased depth of respiration; the apneustic centers are stimulated c. neurons of the VRG activating accessory muscles of inhalation; little pulmonary ventilation is occurring d. none of the above Topic 4: It’s the Law $400 Answer BACK TO GAME

40 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What do increased temperature in active skeletal muscles and increased concentrations of BPG have in common? What is the result? a. both allow the Hb molecule to release O 2 more readily; improved tissue oxygenation b. both cause the Hb molecule to bind O 2 more tightly; determines how long a blood bank can store blood c. both allow Hb to have a higher affinity for O 2 ; improved O 2 transfer across the placenta d. Both A and C are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $500 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. What do increased temperature in active skeletal muscles and increased concentrations of BPG have in common? What is the result? a. both allow the Hb molecule to release O 2 more readily; improved tissue oxygenation b. both cause the Hb molecule to bind O 2 more tightly; determines how long a blood bank can store blood c. both allow Hb to have a higher affinity for O 2 ; improved O 2 transfer across the placenta d. Both A and C are correct. Topic 4: It’s the Law $500 Answer BACK TO GAME

42 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following contributes the most to the expiration of carbon dioxide? a. the formation of carbaminohemoglobin b. the formation of a bicarbonate ion c. the high solubility of CO 2 in blood d. the percentage of oxygen in inhaled air Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $100 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following contributes the most to the expiration of carbon dioxide? a. the formation of carbaminohemoglobin b. the formation of a bicarbonate ion c. the high solubility of CO 2 in blood d. the percentage of oxygen in inhaled air Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $100 Answer BACK TO GAME

44 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is NOT true with regard to the transport of the respiratory gases in blood? a. CO 2 binds to the Fe 2+ center of the hemoglobin molecule. b. CO 2 solubility is greater than O 2. c. O 2 can bind to the heme center at nearly 100%. d. All of the above are methods of gas transport Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $200 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is NOT true with regard to the transport of the respiratory gases in blood? a. CO 2 binds to the Fe 2+ center of the hemoglobin molecule. b. CO 2 solubility is greater than O 2. c. O 2 can bind to the heme center at nearly 100%. d. All of the above are methods of gas transport Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $200 Answer BACK TO GAME

46 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. The epithelium of the pharynx changes from ___ in the nasopharynx to ___ in the oropharynx because ______. a. pseudostratified ciliated columnar; stratified squamous; the oropharynx is subject to abrasion b. simple cuboidal; pseudostratified ciliated columnar; gas exchange occurs in the nasal cavity c. stratified squamous; pseudostratified ciliated columnar; the nasopharynx contains goblet cells d. none of the above Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $300 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. The epithelium of the pharynx changes from ___ in the nasopharynx to ___ in the oropharynx because ______. a. pseudostratified ciliated columnar; stratified squamous; the oropharynx is subject to abrasion b. simple cuboidal; pseudostratified ciliated columnar; gas exchange occurs in the nasal cavity c. stratified squamous; pseudostratified ciliated columnar; the nasopharynx contains goblet cells d. none of the above Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $300 Answer BACK TO GAME

48 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why is it important to exhale while lifting weights? a. to relax the diaphragm b. to equalize pressures inside and outside the thoracic cavity c. to enhance action of the accessory respiratory muscles d. to prevent intrapulmonary pressure from increasing Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $400 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Why is it important to exhale while lifting weights? a. to relax the diaphragm b. to equalize pressures inside and outside the thoracic cavity c. to enhance action of the accessory respiratory muscles d. to prevent intrapulmonary pressure from increasing Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $400 Answer BACK TO GAME

50 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Edward breaks a rib that punctures his left lung. What will happen to his left lung and how will it be treated? a. fluids leak into the alveoli; surfactant administration b. atelectasis; vacuum air from pleural space c. bronchospasm; muscle relaxant d. bronchitis; antibiotics Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $500 Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Edward breaks a rib that punctures his left lung. What will happen to his left lung and how will it be treated? a. fluids leak into the alveoli; surfactant administration b. atelectasis; vacuum air from pleural space c. bronchospasm; muscle relaxant d. bronchitis; antibiotics Topic 5: Waiting to Exhale $500 Answer BACK TO GAME

52 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Beyond transport of respiratory gases, how do the respiratory and cardiovascular systems interact? a. regulation of BP by activation of angiotensin II b. bicarbonate ions contribute to the buffering capacity of blood c. maintenance of normal fluid and ion balance d. Both A and B are correct. FINAL ROUND Question BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Beyond transport of respiratory gases, how do the respiratory and cardiovascular systems interact? a. regulation of BP by activation of angiotensin II b. bicarbonate ions contribute to the buffering capacity of blood c. maintenance of normal fluid and ion balance d. Both A and B are correct. FINAL ROUND Answer BACK TO GAME


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