2Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. In order to read and write in Spanish, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in Spanish are made up of the same elements as in English:Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea.Pronoun – a word that takes the place of a noun.Verb – an action word.A sentence must have at least a noun (or pronoun) and a verb!** In Spanish only a verb is needed!
3Sentences can be written from 1 of 3 points of view: 1st person:Used to talk about yourself.2nd person:Used to talk to someone else.3rd person:Used to talk about someone else.
4There are 10 subject pronouns in Spanish: singularpluralnosotros/as =weyo =Ivosotros/as =youtú =you(2 or more people, familiar - Spain only!)(1 person, familiar)usted (Ud.) =youustedes (Uds.)=you(2 or more people,polite in Spain)(1 person, polite)ellos =theyél =he(all males ORmales and females)ella =sheellas =they(all females)
5We do this a little bit in English: To put a verb in to a sentence in Spanish, you must conjugate (or change it) to go with the subject.We do this a little bit in English:I jump. You jump.But: She jumps.
6To conjugate a regular –ar verb: You drop off the –ar at the end of the infinitive. ( the unconjugated form; also the form found in the dictionary)This gives you the stem.Then, you add the verb ending which matches the subject.
7Verb endings: yo –o tú – as él –a ella – a usted – a nosotros – amos vosotros – áisellos –anellas – anUds. – an
8A conjugated verb chart looks like this: Hablar = to speakYo habloNosotros/as hablamosTu hablasVosotros/as habláisUd.El hablaEllaUds.Ellos hablanEllas
9Now, you are ready to start using sentences in Spanish!