Presentation on theme: "-ar verbs. In order to read and write in Spanish, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in Spanish are made up of the same elements as in English:"— Presentation transcript:
In order to read and write in Spanish, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in Spanish are made up of the same elements as in English: Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. Pronoun – a word that takes the place of a noun. Verb – an action word. A sentence must have at least a noun (or pronoun) and a verb!* * In Spanish only a verb is needed!
Sentences can be written from 1 of 3 points of view: 1 st person: 3 rd person: 2 nd person: Used to talk about someone else. Used to talk to someone else. Used to talk about yourself.
There are 10 subject pronouns in Spanish: yo = tú = él = ella = usted (Ud.) = I you (1 person, familiar) he she nosotros/as = we vosotros/as =you (2 or more people, familiar - Spain only!) ellos = you (all males OR males and females) ellas = they (all females) ustedes (Uds.)= you (1 person, polite) (2 or more people, polite in Spain) they
To put a verb in to a sentence in Spanish, you must conjugate (or change it) to go with the subject. We do this a little bit in English: I jump. You jump. But: She jumps.
To conjugate a regular –ar verb: You drop off the –ar at the end of the infinitive. ( the unconjugated form; also the form found in the dictionary) This gives you the stem. Then, you add the verb ending which matches the subject.
Verb endings: yo –o tú – as él –a ella – a usted – a nosotros – amos vosotros – áis ellos –an ellas – an Uds. – an
A conjugated verb chart looks like this: Yo habloNosotros/as hablamos Tu hablasVosotros/as habláis Ud. El habla Ella Uds. Ellos hablan Ellas Hablar = to speak
Now, you are ready to start using sentences in Spanish!