2Alliteration:Repetition of initial consonant soundsExample: Sister Suzy sat on the seashore until suddenly she was swallowed by a shark.Allusion:A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
33. Ballad:A song-like poem that tells a storyBlank Verse:Poetry written in unrhymed, iambic pentameter.Concrete Poem:A poem with a shape that suggests its subjectExample: George Herbert’s Easter Wings and The Alter
46. Figurative Language:Writing that is not meant to be taken literallyExample: He made me so mad I wanted to die.7. Free Verse:Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter
58. Image: Lyric Poem: Metaphor: A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five sensesLyric Poem:Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speakerMetaphor:A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something elseExample: He is such a pig when he eats!
611. Mood: 12. Onomatopoeia: Personification: The feeling created in the reader by a literary work12. Onomatopoeia:The use of words that imitate soundsExample: The buzz of the bee was very loud.Personification:A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristicsExample: The tree waved excitedly in the wind.
714. Repetition: 15. Rhyme: 16. Rhyme Scheme: The use, more than once, of any element of language15. Rhyme:Repetition of sounds at the end of wordsExample: Roses are red, violets are blue…..16. Rhyme Scheme:A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
817. Rhythm:Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language18. Simile:A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas19. Stanza:A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unitMy love is like a red rose.
920. Motif – Main or reoccurring theme. 21. Extended Metaphor – a comparison developed over several lines of poetry.22. Pun – Double meaning
1023. Confessional poetry – confession of an activity or an emotion. 24. Elegy – Pays tribute to a person (usually dead)25. Imagist poetry – uses lots of images to paint a picture for the reader.
11Humor Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources: SurpriseExaggerationBringing together of unrelated thingsMost funny poems have two things in common:RhythmRhyme
12Rhythm & Rhyme “The Porcupine” By Ogden Nash Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous“The Porcupine”By Ogden NashAny hound a porcupine nudgesCan’t be blamed for harboring grudges.I know one hound that laughed all winterAt a porcupine that sat on a splinter.
13If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes. Any hound that touches a porcupineCan’t be blamed for holding a grudgeI know one hound that laughed all winter longAt a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood
14Limericks A limerick is a poem of five lines The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another.The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another.They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.
15Limericks There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare.He got some Rogaine,Grew out a mane,And now he resembles a bear!
16Limerick About a Bee I wish that my room had a floor, I don’t care so much for a door.But this walking aroundWithout touching the groundIs getting to be quite a bore.
17Another Limerick There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house,The ocean’s sprayWashed it away,All that was left was her blouse!
18You will create a limerick similar to this one… There once was a man from Beijing.All his life he hoped to be King.So he put on a crown,Which quickly fell down.That small silly man from Beijing.
19Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick. There once was a _____ from _____.All the while she/he hoped ________.So she/he ____________________,And ________________________,That _________ from ___________.
20The class Limerick: There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________.So she/he ____________________,And ________________________,That _________ from ___________.
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