Alliteration: –Repetition of beginning consonant sounds –Easy to Reads –Big blue birds Cute chubby cats Many merry mice More Advanced –Great giants groan greatly on green grass. –Pretty princesses parade proudly passing people. –Huge horses have heavy hoofs.
Metaphor: –A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else The girl was a fish in the water. The clown was a feather floating away.
Onomatopoeia: –The use of words that imitate sounds Snap Crackle Pop Glippp Gluppp Gluppp Personification: –A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics The flowers danced in the wind.
Rhythm : –Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language Simile : –uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas Stanza : –A set of lines in a poem- a poem can have 1 stanza or more than 1 stanza My love is like a red rose.
Symbolism A symbol is often an ordinary object, event, person, or animal that has an extraordinary meaning and significance. A picture of a skull and crossbones symbolizes poison or danger.
Foreshadowing when an author mentions or hints at something that will happen later in the story FORESHADOWING =. –FORE means ahead. –A SHADOW is a glimpse of something without the complete details. Once upon a time, there was a little girl who lived with her mother. Her mother asked her to take her old and lonely grandmother some food one day. "Don't stop along the way. Go straight to your Grandma's house and back. Don't talk to any strangers and watch out for the wolf in the woods! Now get along !"
Flashback Define: when an author refers back to something that already took place in the story The wolf went up to Little Red Riding Hood and told her that he knew a shortcut. Little Red Riding Hood thought back to what her mother told her. Dont talk to any strangers and watch out for the wolf in the woods! But it was too late, she had already listened to the wolfs directions.
Hyperbole Define: when the author uses an extravagant exaggeration to make a point. Example: It is going to take a bazillion years to get through Medical School.
Poetry and the types you NEED to know… Humor & Poetry
Limericks A limerick is a poem of five lines The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.
Limericks There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare. He got some Rogaine, Grew out a mane, And now he resembles a bear!
Limerick About a Bee I wish that my room had a floor, I dont care so much for a door. But this walking around Without touching the ground Is getting to be quite a bore.
Another Limerick There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house, The oceans spray Washed it away, All that was left was her blouse!
You will create a limerick similar to this one… There once was a man from Beijing. All his life he hoped to be King. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small silly man from Beijing.
Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick. There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________. So she/he ____________________, And ________________________, That _________ from ___________.
Haiku is usually written in the present tense and focuses on nature (seasons).
Haiku Poetry Definition 1 An unrhymed Japanese verse consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables (5, 7, 5) or 17 syllables in all. The 5/7/5 rule was made up for school children to understand and learn this type of poetry.
Haiku Poetry Helpful Hints Haiku is generally not written in one long run on sentence. It is generally written in two parts. You have a fragment on the first or the last line, then you have the body of the haiku.
Haiku Poetry Winter sun-- a cyclist pedals against the wind