2Alliteration: Allusion: Ballad: Blank Verse: Repetition of initial consonant soundsAllusion:A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of artBallad:A song-like poem that tells a storyBlank Verse:Poetry written in unrhymed, ten-syllable lines
3Concrete Poem: Figurative Language: Free Verse: Haiku: A poem with a shape that suggests its subjectFigurative Language:Writing that is not meant to be taken literallyFree Verse:Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meterHaiku:A three-lined Japanese verse
4Image: Lyric Poem: Metaphor: A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five sensesLyric Poem:Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speakerMetaphor:A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else
5Mood: Narrative Poem: Onomatopoeia: Personification: The feeling created in the reader by a literary workNarrative Poem:A story told in verseOnomatopoeia:The use of words that imitate soundsPersonification:A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics
6Refrain: Repetition: Rhyme: Rhyme Scheme: A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poemRepetition:The use, more than once, of any element of languageRhyme:Repetition of sounds at the end of wordsRhyme Scheme:A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
7Rhythm:Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written languageSimile:A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideasStanza:A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unitMy love is like a red rose.
9Humor Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources: SurpriseExaggerationBringing together of unrelated thingsMost funny poems have two things in common:RhythmRhyme
10Rhythm & Rhyme “The Porcupine” By Ogden Nash Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous“The Porcupine”By Ogden NashAny hound a porcupine nudgesCan’t be blamed for harboring grudges.I know one hound that laughed all winterAt a porcupine that sat on a splinter.
11If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes. Any hound that touches a porcupineCan’t be blamed for holding a grudgeI know one hound that laughed all winter longAt a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood
12Lewis Carroll 1832-1898 Born in England Wrote Alice’s Adventures in WonderlandWrote Through the Looking GlassHis life was quiet and uneventful, but in works like Father William, he found escape from his serious work into a delightfully zany, topsy-turvy world that still amuses children old and young.
13“Father William” Page 400In this poem, a young man questions his father about some rather unusual behavior.Have you ever asked someone what they were doing and received an explanation that made very little sense at all?
14Limericks A limerick is a poem of five lines The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another.The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another.They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.
15Limericks There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare.He got some Rogaine,Grew out a mane,And now he resembles a bear!
16Limerick About a Bee I wish that my room had a floor, I don’t care so much for a door.But this walking aroundWithout touching the groundIs getting to be quite a bore.
17Another Limerick There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house,The ocean’s sprayWashed it away,All that was left was her blouse!
18You will create a limerick similar to this one… There once was a man from Beijing.All his life he hoped to be King.So he put on a crown,Which quickly fell down.That small silly man from Beijing.
19Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick. There once was a _____ from _____.All the while she/he hoped ________.So she/he ____________________,And ________________________,That _________ from ___________.
20Mrs. Smith’s Limerick: There once was a man from Japan. All the while he hoped for a tan.So he lay on the beach,And ate a ripe peach,That came from a Georgia van.