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Exam I Study Guide. Explain Parfocal Inversion Summarize the procedure for preparing a wet mount slide.

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Presentation on theme: "Exam I Study Guide. Explain Parfocal Inversion Summarize the procedure for preparing a wet mount slide."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exam I Study Guide

2 Explain Parfocal Inversion Summarize the procedure for preparing a wet mount slide

3 Questions What is the function of tendons and ligaments? Name the enzyme that breaks down ATP during a muscle contraction. What is the function of red bone marrow? What is the chemical composition of the yellow bone marrow?

4 Nucleus Organelles Cytoplasm Plasma membrane a) A eukaryotic animal cell has a large nucleus and numerous small organelles. The cytoplasm is enclosed by a flexible plasma membrane.

5 Question Identify and label three structures of the animal cells


7 Question What appearance will red blood cells have when they are placed in the following solutions? Explain your answer in detail. Hypertonic Isotonic Hypotonic


9 Figure 5.12 Coxal bones and sacrum (pelvis) Pubic symphysis Femur (upper leg) Patella (knee cap) Lower leg Tibia Fibula 7 Tarsals (ankle) 5 Metatarsals (foot) 14 Phalanges (toe bones)

10 Identify these bones.

11 Identify the microscope parts.


13 Identify all the components of a long bone.

14 Figure 5.1a Epiphysis Diaphysis Spongy bone (spaces contain red bone marrow) Compact bone Yellow bone marrow Blood vessel Periosteum Central cavity (contains yellow bone marrow) Epiphysis a) A partial cut through a long bone.


16 Question Why do bone injuries heal faster than injuries to cartilage?

17 Identify the following muscles.

18 Figure 6.1a Pectoralis major Draws arm forward and toward the body Biceps brachii Bends forearm at elbow Rectus abdominus Compresses abdomen Bends backbone Compresses chest cavity

19 Figure 6.1b Deltoid Raises arm Trapezius Lifts shoulder blade Braces shoulder Draws head back Triceps brachi Straightens forearm at elbow Latissimus dorsi Rotates and draws arm backward and toward body Gluteus maximus Extends thigh Rotates thigh laterally Gastrocnemius Bends lower leg at knee Bends foot away from knee


21 Name and identify the kissing and blinking muscles.

22 Question What are the two divisions of the skeletal System? Name four bones from each division.

23 Figure 5.5 Axial skeleton Cranium (skull) Maxilla Mandible Sternum Vertebrae Sacrum Appendicular skeleton Clavicle Humerus Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Coxal bone Patella Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges Ribs Scapula Femur

24 Osteon:


26 Osteons The Osteon: label the osteocytes, lamellea, lacuna and canaliculi. Why is the central canal larger compared to the other components of bone tissue? Describe the appearance of the canaliculi and give their function.

27 Question Describe how an osteocyte located near a central canal can pass nutrients to osteocytes located far from the central canal.

28 Identify the following structures Sarcomere Motor neuron Sarcoplasmic reticulum T-tubules Actin and myosin


30 True ribs= 7 False ribs= e floating = 2 Sternum (breastbone) True Ribs False ribs Floating ribs C7C7 T1T1 T 11 T 12 L1L1 L2L Manubrium Xiphoid process Clavicle

31 Identify all the bones

32 Figure 5.11 Pectoral girdle Clavicle (collar bone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Humerus (upper arm) Ulna Radius Forearm 8 Carpals (wrist) 5 Metacarpals (hand) 14 Phalanges (finger bones)

33 Identify all the bones.

34 Figure 5.6 Temporal bone Frontal bone Sphenoid bone Ethmoid bone Lacrimal bone Nasal bone Zygomatic bone Maxilla Mandible Maxilla Zygomatic bone Palatine bone Sphenoid bone Foramen magnum Occipital bone Parietal bone Occipital bone External auditory meatus Vomer bone

35 Identify the bones of the face and skull

36 Questions Each arm consists of humerus, ulna and radius. What joint connects these three bones? How many bones are in your body? How many bones are in your left hand?

37 Question: Identify the male and female coxal bones? Identify the region of the coxal bones

38 Lumbar Vertebrae(5)

39 Identify the following vertebrae A._________ B.__________

40 Types of bones 1. humerus2. patella3. coxal4. scapula


42 Identify the vertebrae 2.____________ 1.____________

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