2Definition of PoetryPoetry - A type of writing that uses language to express imaginative and emotional qualities instead of or in addition to meaning.Poetry may be written as individual poems or included in other written forms as in dramatic poetry, hymns, or song lyrics.
4It is characterized by the use of similes and metaphors. Figurative LanguageFigurative Language is the use of words outside of their literal or usual meaning to add beauty or force.It is characterized by the use of similes and metaphors.
5MetaphorMetaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles.
7My love is like a red, red rose. SimileSimile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles.Example:My love is like a red, red rose.- Robert Burns
8crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp OnomatopoeiaOnomatopeia is the use of a word or words whose sound imitates its meaning.Examples:crackle, pop, fizz, click, chirp
9PersonificationPersonification is a special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing is talked about as if it was human (given human characteristics).
10Example: This poetry gets bored of being alone, It wants to go outdoors to chew on the wings,To fill its commas with the keels of rowboats….-Hugo Margenat, from”Living Poetry”
11Use of the bald eagle to represent the United States. SymbolismSymbolism is when a person, place, thing or idea stands for itself and for something else.Example:Use of the bald eagle to represent the United States.
12AlliterationAlliteration is the use of similar sounds at the beginning or end of a word.
13Assonance is the use of similar vowel sounds within a word.
15Iambic FootAn iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable .
16Example:We could write the rhythm like this:da DUM
17Meter is the pattern of rhythm established for a verse.
18Rhythm is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
19Iambic PentameterIambic Pentameter is a line of poetry with five iambic feet in a row This is the most common meter in English poetry.
20Example: We could write the rhythm like this: da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUM da-DUMWe can notate this with a ˘ mark representing an unstressed syllable and a '/' mark representing a stressed syllable
21˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘ Example Continued: The following line from John Keats' Ode to Autumn is a straightforward example:˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘ / ˘To swell the gourd, and plump the ha - zel/shells
22RhymeRhyme is the placement of identical or similar sounds at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines.
23LinesPoetry is separated into lines on a page. Lines may be based on the number of metrical feet, or may stress a rhyme pattern at the ends of lines.
24StanzaStanzas are groups of lines in a poem which are named by the number of lines included.Two lines is a couplet.Three lines is a triplet or tercet.Four lines is a quatrain.Five lines is a quintain or cinquain.Six lines is a sestet.Eight lines is an octet.
25CoupletCouplet is two lines of a poem that are related by either rhyme or structure.
26Rhyme SchemeRhyme Scheme is the use rhyme in a pattern as a structural element in a poem.
27Example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, A Rhyme schemes are described using letters that correspond to sets of rhymes.Example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, AHumpty Dumpty had a great fall; AAll the king’s horses and all the king’s men, BCouldn’t put Humpty together again. BThe rhyme scheme for this poem is:A A B B
28Rhyme scheme: and I and J E and tagalong K, E A told B, A All on their way Eup the coconut tree A-from Chicka, Chicka Boom Boomby Bill Martian Jr., andJohn ArchambaultRhyme scheme:A A B AC C D AE E E AExample Continued:A told B, AB told C, A“I’ll meet you at the top Bof the coconut tree.” A“Whee!” said D ATo E F G A“I’ll beat you to the top BChicka chicka boom boom! CWill there be enough room? CHere comes H DUp the coconut tree A
30Blank Verse is poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
31Example: To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,And by opposing end them?To die: to sleep;No more; and by a sleep to say we endThe heart-ache and the thousand natural shocksThat flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummationDevoutly to be wish'd.From HamletWilliam Shakespeare
32Free VerseFree Verse is poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
33Example:excerpt from Song of Myself by Walt Whitman: I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as goodbelongs to you. I loaf and invite my soul, I lean and loaf at my ease observing aspear of summer grass.
34SonnetA sonnet is a fourteen line poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter.
35by William Shakespeare Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (Sonnet 18)by William ShakespeareShall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed; But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st. So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
36HaikuHaiku is a popular form of traditional Japanese poetry consists of 17-syllables comprising three metrical lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables.
37Example (5) Tree grow-ing old-er (7) An-cient el-der shad-ing me (5) Calm, cool, peace-ful day- Mrs. Chi, 2/08
38Acrostic poetry Example: Acrostic poems use letter patterns to create multiple messagesExample:When the first letters of lines read downward form a separate phrase or word.
43Epic PoetryAn Epic Poem is a long story told in verse which tells the great deeds of a hero.Example:The Odysseyby Homer
44Narrative Poetry Example: T’was the Night Before Christmas Narrative Poem is a poem that tells a story.Example:T’was the Night Before Christmasby Clement C. Moore
45Verse FableVerse Fable is a brief story told in verse that illustrates a moral and features human-like animals, plants, objects, or forces of nature.
46Example:A Boy Cries Wolf Once there was a foolish boy Whose job it was to guard some sheep In case a hungry wolf might come To pounce upon them in their sleep. The owners told him: If a wolf Should come, be sure to give a cry So we can come and save the sheep And give that wolf a swift goodbye. The foolish boy grew bored one night, And cried out Wolf! Wolf! just for jokes, And farmers came from far and wide, But left disgusted by his hoax. But then at midnight that boy spied A savage wolf about to strike, Wolf! Wolf! he screamed, but no one came And sheep and shepherd died alike.MORAL: Those who enjoy making fools of others often make fools of themselves.from the book Aesop's Best: 80 Fables in Verse by William Cleary
47Lyric PoetryLyric Poetry portrays the poet's own feelings, states of mind, ideas, and perceptions.
48Example: Where the Sidewalk Ends There is a place where the sidewalk endsAnd before the street begins, And there the grass grows soft and white, And there the sun burns crimson bright, And there the moon-bird rests from his flight To cool in the peppermint wind.Let us leave this place where the smoke blows black And the dark street winds and bends. Past the pits where the asphalt flowers grow We shall walk with a walk that is measured and slow, And watch where the chalk-white arrows go To the place where the sidewalk ends.Yes we'll walk with a walk that is measured and slow, And we'll go where the chalk-white arrows go, For the children, they mark, and the children, they know The place where the sidewalk ends.by Shel Silverstein