2 What are STRUCTURES of poetry? Structures refer to TYPES of poems.Just like the structure of a building, the structure of the poem is its framework.
3 LimerickLimerick – a humorous verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba.
4 Limerick ExampleThere was an old man with a beard Who said, “It’s just how I feared! Two owls and a hen Four larks and a wren Have all built their nests in my beard.” - Anonymous
5 SonnetSonnet – a poem of 14 lines usually written in iambic pentameterIambic Pentameter -- Ten syllables in each line with five pairs of alternating unstressed and stressed syllablesThe rhythm in each line sounds like: ba-BUM / ba-BUM / ba-BUM / ba-BUM / ba-BUM
6 Sonnet ExampleShall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. --William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18
7 Narrative PoemNarrative Poem – tells a story/has a plot
8 Narrative Poem Example 'Tis eight o'clock,—a clear March night, The moon is up,—the sky is blue, The owlet, in the moonlight air, Shouts from nobody knows where; He lengthens out his lonely shout, Halloo! halloo! a long halloo! From “The Idiot Boy” by William Wordsworth
9 Free VerseFree Verse – poetry that has no regular rhythm or rhyme scheme
10 Free Verse ExampleThe fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. “Fog” by Carl Sandburg
11 What are FORMS of poetry? Forms of poetry are the building blocks that make up a poem.Examples of forms: stanzas, literary devices, and rhyme scheme
12 StanzaA stanza is a group of lines forming the basic meter in a poem. It is like a paragraph in poetry.A stanza is also known as a verse.
13 How many stanzas are in this poem? The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. “Fog” by Carl Sandburg
14 The fog comes on little cat feet The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. “Fog” by Carl SandburgStanza 1Stanza 2
15 Literary DevicesLiterary devices are specific techniques authors use to express ideas.Examples of literary devices: alliteration, onomatopoeia, simile, metaphor, personification, imagery
16 Examples of Literary Devices The fog comes on little cat feet. What literary device is used? How do you know? What is the meaning?
17 Rhyme SchemeRhyme scheme refers to the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem.Rhyme scheme is identified with letters.Example: ABAB
18 Rhyme Scheme ExampleThere was an old man with a beard Who said, “It’s just how I feared! Two owls and a hen Four larks and a wren Have all built their nests in my beard.” *Label the pattern of rhyme in this poem using letters.
19 Rhyme Scheme ExampleThere was an old man with a beard A Who said, “It’s just how I feared! A Two owls and a hen B Four larks and a wren B Have all built their nests in my beard.” A
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