Presentation on theme: ": 1. when, while, as, the moment, before, after, till, until, since, as soon as when, while, as."— Presentation transcript:
1. when, while, as, the moment, before, after, till, until, since, as soon as when, while, as
When --- ……, When I opened the window, I saw him come up. When I have time, I will go to see you.
When I came home, I met an old schoolmate of mine. He said he would tell her about it when he saw her. *
When --- …… … be about to when I was walking along the street, when I met him. I was about to fall asleep when my sister came in.
One evening, little Hans was sitting near the fire when he heard a loud knock at the door.
When Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast. When I was leaving the house, the postman arrived.
When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons. When=after
While --- …… While we were in America, we saw him twice. While we were talking, he came in. Strike while the iron is hot.
While --- We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football. The soldier faces the powder while the beauty powder the face.
While I am washing the floor, you can be cleaning the windows.
As --- ……, She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music. As she grew older, she became more beautiful.
As --- …… As I was going out, it began to rain. I saw Mary as she was going on the bus.
As he was eating his breakfast, he heard someone knock at the door. Someone patted me on the shoulder as I was standing before the shop window.
The moment --- …… …… =as soon as, immediately, ---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? ---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.
Not… until --- …… He didnt leave the office until he finished the work. =He left the office when he finished the work. Not …until when
Before --- …… The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs. Did you work as a stewardess before you come to this company?
It was not long before I forgot it all. (It was /will be …before… ) He ran off before I could stop him.
After --- …… The customer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent. The plane took off after the air traffic controller gave clearance.
Since --- ……, I have never been there again since I graduated from the university. The captain has traveled almost everywhere in the world since he became a pilot.
It is just a week since we arrived here. (It is /has been… since…
As soon as --- …… …… Jack went to school as soon as he got well. Ill ring you up as soon as I get an answer from him.
No sooner than --- …… …… No sooner had he arrived than he went away again. no sooner… than… Hardly …when… Scarcely …when…
Once you see him, you will never forget him. Once --- …… ……
Every time, each time whenever Each time he came to town, he would visit our school. Whenever we met with difficulties, they came to help us.
2. : If, unless, as long as, in case, provided that, on condition that
If --- If you dont hurry up, you will miss the plane. If it snows tomorrow, the flight will be canceled. If you leave at 6 oclock tomorrow morning, youd better get to bed now.
Unless ---, =if not We cant get there on time unless we book the earliest flight = We cannot get there on time if we dont book the earliest flight.
Dont trouble trouble unless trouble troubles you. He will not join us unless he changes his mind.
As long as --- We will succeed as long as we keep on trying. You cant play games as long as you remember the rules. A man is not old as long as he is seeking something.
As (so) far as --- …… As far as I know, he speaks English very well. As/So far as I know, he is an expert on DNA.
In case ---, The plane cannot take off in case it rains. Send us a message in case you have any difficulty.
Provided that, that The plane will be in good condition provided that it is taken care of carefully. You can become a stewardess provided that you are in good shape and you have got the proper education.
On condition that --- … He said that he would come to the meeting on condition that no one asked him to speak. The mother promised to the son to buy him a toy airplane on condition that he passes his English test.
:, If he arrives tomorrow, I will be waiting for him at the airport. He said he would not leave unless it was fine next day.
3. : Where, wherever
Where --- …… Put the medicine where you can easily get it. Where that high building stands, there used to be some low, deserted houses. Where there is a will, there is a way.
Wherever --- He follows her wherever she goes. Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.
Because ---,. Mr Smith was very upset because he couldnt find his luggage. He said that he couldnt work because the computer was out of order.
I succeed because I willed it, I never hesitated. I do it because I like it.
As ---, As it is quite windy today, he decides As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.
Since ---, Since everybody has come, we can set off. Since the purser didnt tell us what to do, we can relax.
Now that --- Now that you are here, you can join us. Now that all airlines offer discount prices, we should do the same.
considering that --- Considering that they are just beginners, they are doing quite a good job.
seeing that --- Seeing (that) quite a few people were absent, we decided to put the meeting off.
5. that, so that, so…that… such…that
So… that --- …… so, so that Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb. The flight scheduled so early that nobody wanted to look on it.
So that --- so Can you move your luggage a little bit away so that I can put mine in the overhead bin too. Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.
When you skin your customers, you should leave some skin on to grow so that you can skin them again.
Such …that… --- …… so…that such The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.
The Canadian airlines hangar is such a huge building that it can hold two medium-range jets at the same time.
6. : that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest
Lets take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly. (So) that ---, can, could, may, might, should
in order that ---, so that can, could, may, might, should School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.
for fear that --- ; ( ) He took the name down for fear that he should forget it. The instructor emphasized on the issue three times for fear that the students did not pay enough attention to the problem.
in case --- Better take more clothes in case the weather is cold. You should bring a dictionary in case you need it. Please take an umbrella in case it rains.
Lest --- The man decided to tell his boss the fact lest he would be angry with him. The manager of the workshop asked his staff to work overtime lest they wouldnt finish the task on time.
7. As…as…, not so (as)…as…,. …than…, the more… the more...
As…as… --- …… If you dont want to miss the flight, you need to be at the airport as early as possible. My grandma told me that her eyesight was as good as 10 years before. Cultivation to the mind is as necessary as food for the body.
Not so (as)… as… --- …… The job is not so difficult as I thought it would be. The flight was not so/as harmful as the captain predicted.
…than… --- …… more People believe that being a stewardess is better than most of the other jobs. I personally think that the American movies are more interesting than Chinese ones
A beautiful form is better than a beautiful face; a beautiful behavior (is) than a beautiful form.
The more…, the more --- …… The more he listened to that song, the less he enjoyed it. The more things a man is ashamed of, the more respectable he is.
8. Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether
Although, though --- although though although Though Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off. Although it was not his fault, he took all the blame.
Though he did his best, he didnt succeed. Child though he was, he did quite well.
As --- as though Busy as he is, he never misses a football match. Hard as she works, she makes little progress.
Even if /even though --- Even if you dont like your boss, you should do your work. Even if you are not fond of flowers, you shouldnt miss the chrysanthemum exhibition.
Even though I might be wrong, I will go my way. Even though his dean didnt mean it, he still felt embarrassed.
However --- however He couldnt get there on time however fast he drove. The father couldnt make his daughter smile however hard he tried.
N o matter (what, when, where, how) --- The old man wouldnt believe anything no matter what you said. Please tell me the result no matter when you get it.
He wouldnt forgive me no matter how hard I begged him. I will find you no matter where you hide.
Whatever --- Whatever other people may say, she wont change her mind. Whatever you do, it wont affect our plan.
While --- While I have sympathy for you, I cant help you. While its none of my business, I will watch you.
Whether --- or not Whether he is good or not, the company decided to send him abroad. Whether his proposal is practical or not, the department plans to adopt.
9. : as, as if, as though
as --- …… Do in Rome as the Romans do. Leave things as they are.
as if, as though ---, as if as though She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.
1.______ you decide to take up, you should try to make it a success. A. If B. Whenever C. Unless D. Whatever
2.It is foolish to take a taxi you can easily walk to the station. A. before B. that C. unless D. when
3.Ill accept any job, _____ I dont have to get up early. A. even though B. though C. in case D. as long as
4.___________ problems you have, you can always come to me for help. A. What B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Which
5. ______ much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. A. How B. Whatever C. However D. No matter
6.----Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? ---- Yes. I gave it to her ______ I saw her. A. while B. the moment C.suddenly D. once
7. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, _______ great it is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever
8.I hurried _____ I wouldnt be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless
9. John plays football _____, if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as
10. --What was the party like? --Wonderful. Its years ____ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. when C. before D. since
11.Dont change your mind, ______ happens to you. A. which B. what C. whichever D. whatever
12. ___________ he comes, we wont be able to go. A. Without B. Unless C. Except D. Even
13. Nobody believed him ____________ what he said. A. even though B. even if C. no matter D. because
14. I was watching TV _______ suddenly the lights went out. A. when B. while C. as D. for
15. Take your umbrella with you ____________ it rains. A. if B. as if C. in case D. as long as
16.No sooner _______ entered the office _______I heard the telephone ringing. A. had I, when B. I had, than C. had I, than D. I had, when
17. I had hardly arrived _____ he started crying to go home. A. as B. for C. when D. until
18.It wont be long ________ you regret what you said. A. since B. when C. before D. till
19. The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she______. A. will arrive B. arrives C. is going to arrive D. is arriving
20. ______ the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As