3PUBLIC“ Services provided by national/local government, funded from taxation, provided and managed for good of community”Funds distributed by LA grants or via SE.LA responsible for building, maintaining and managing (not day-to-day)Located for “PUBLIC GOOD” – deemed to meet needs for national/local communityPublic charged to use, subsidised groups= elderly, disability groups, unemployed, etc
5Recreation & Leisure Development Plans Responsibility of councils leisure services dept. & Sport Dev OfficerIncludes:Development of new facilitiesDevelopment of old facilitiesTargeting under-represented groups in terms of participationProviding opportunities that contribute to improvements in community health
6Provision by Schools – look in book Education Sector Provision – “Facilities and opportunities provided via school facilities”Schools often have excellent facilities used for Nat. Curr. & Extra Curr.Dual Use – “ Agreement where local community use facilities in evenings, weekends, holidays – when not used by school.” (e.g. Dance Studio)Joint Use – “extension of dual use, facility is planned and built to be used by school & community.” New Field)
7Characteristics of Public Sector Building, maintenance from taxation & LotteryNon-ProfitSport/Leisure development plan by Local Authority, particularly encouraging target groupsCommunity pays for entrance / useSubsidised payment for less well-offManagement policies set by LA for good of communityDay-to-day running maybe by private sectorMethods of Provision also include Dual & Joint use
8PRIVATE SECTORCommercial companies providing opportunities, facilities and services for PA as a business = to make financial profit!Provides employment and national economic activityPay memberships, etc for best qualitySquash/tennis – David LloydsFitness – TopnotchOAA – Go ApeChildren’s play facilitiesHealth Spa – ChampneysGolf – Moor Park
9Private & Public relationship evolving due to government targets Public sector has to be run more efficiently/effectively – early 1990’s policies – “compulsory Competitive Tendering” to “Best Value” and “Private Finance Initiatives” – book.Aim to improve standards across board to compete with private sector.Private sector view participants as “customers” – high service = returned profits
10Characteristics of Private Sector Main objective is to make profitProvide high quality facilitiesMembership /admissions is higher than Public sectorTarget high value goods & services for better-off members of communityNo public service commitment or remit
11Voluntary Sector Provision Biggest sector – range of provisionIncludes all sports where participants/administrators pay to play through subscriptions, match fee, etc or give up time to coach, organise, manage, maintain, officiate, transport, etcSport Eng rely on 5mil people for 1 Bil hours
12RALLY ROBINSIN PAIRS, STAND UP AND LIKE A RALLY IN TENNIS YOU MUST TAKE IT IN TURNS TO TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT.1 POINT AT A TIME – COMPETITION!!
13What kinds of PA are provided? Sports clubs, teams – across the boardCountryside activities – Ramblers Ass.Local jogging, recreational cycling or fitness groupsEither own their own facilities or hire from LA, councils, etcMay be totally volunteer or pay individuals for certain roles (help league progression, money management, etc)
14How can these activities be funded? Funding depends of resources required: pitches, changing, etc or just a location, time and information to other participantsGrants: LA, councils, parish councilsLottery grants: Awards for All (up to £10K) direct from Lottery or Community Investment Fund (above £10k) from Sport Eng.Subscriptions, fees from participantsFund raisingIncome from social activities – bar, etc
15Characteristics of Voluntary Sector Non- profitPay to play through subs or feesSupport roles filled by volunteersGrant aid from lottery, sport Eng or NGB’sFund Raise for capitalAny profit goes back into club/organisationWide range of sporting & recreational activities.
16TALK AND LISTEN AGAIN IN PAIRS – STAND UP. 1 PERSON TALKS ABOUT WHAT THEY HAVE LEARNT TODAY FOR 1 MIN AND THE OTHER LISTENS.THE OTHER THEN HAS A GO.
17HomeworkList 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages for each of the 3 sectors in providing leisure/sporting opportunities and facilities – Read and use p151 to 156See what you can find out about the concept of “ Best Value”!