Presentation on theme: "Leisure Provision – Public, Private & Voluntary Opportunities for Participation (8) AS Level PE Theory."— Presentation transcript:
Leisure Provision – Public, Private & Voluntary Opportunities for Participation (8) AS Level PE Theory
READ OPENING PAGE IN CHAPTER
PUBLIC “ Services provided by national/local government, funded from taxation, provided and managed for good of community” Funds distributed by LA grants or via SE. LA responsible for building, maintaining and managing (not day-to-day) Located for “PUBLIC GOOD” – deemed to meet needs for national/local community Public charged to use, subsidised groups= elderly, disability groups, unemployed, etc
LOCAL EXAMPLES Multi-sport centres – Woodside Swimming Pools – Central Sports pitches – Cassiobury Park Parks Adventure playgrounds – Aldenham Leisure pools – Cassio Pools Nature Trials – Tring Skateboard park – Watford, Croxley Courts – Cassiobury (tennis / basketball)
Recreation & Leisure Development Plans Responsibility of councils leisure services dept. & Sport Dev Officer Includes: 1. Development of new facilities 2. Development of old facilities 3. Targeting under-represented groups in terms of participation 4. Providing opportunities that contribute to improvements in community health
Provision by Schools – look in book Education Sector Provision – “Facilities and opportunities provided via school facilities” Schools often have excellent facilities used for Nat. Curr. & Extra Curr. Dual Use – “ Agreement where local community use facilities in evenings, weekends, holidays – when not used by school.” (e.g. Dance Studio) Joint Use – “extension of dual use, facility is planned and built to be used by school & community.” New Field)
Characteristics of Public Sector Building, maintenance from taxation & Lottery Non-Profit Sport/Leisure development plan by Local Authority, particularly encouraging target groups Community pays for entrance / use Subsidised payment for less well-off Management policies set by LA for good of community Day-to-day running maybe by private sector Methods of Provision also include Dual & Joint use
PRIVATE SECTOR Commercial companies providing opportunities, facilities and services for PA as a business = to make financial profit! Provides employment and national economic activity Pay memberships, etc for best quality Squash/tennis – David Lloyds Fitness – Topnotch OAA – Go Ape Children’s play facilities Health Spa – Champneys Golf – Moor Park
Private & Public relationship evolving due to government targets Public sector has to be run more efficiently/effectively – early 1990’s policies – “compulsory Competitive Tendering” to “Best Value” and “Private Finance Initiatives” – book. Aim to improve standards across board to compete with private sector. Private sector view participants as “customers” – high service = returned profits
Characteristics of Private Sector 1. Main objective is to make profit 2. Provide high quality facilities 3. Membership /admissions is higher than Public sector 4. Target high value goods & services for better-off members of community 5. No public service commitment or remit
Voluntary Sector Provision Biggest sector – range of provision Includes all sports where participants/administrators pay to play through subscriptions, match fee, etc or give up time to coach, organise, manage, maintain, officiate, transport, etc Sport Eng rely on 5mil people for 1 Bil hours
RALLY ROBINS IN PAIRS, STAND UP AND LIKE A RALLY IN TENNIS YOU MUST TAKE IT IN TURNS TO TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNT. 1 POINT AT A TIME – COMPETITION!!
What kinds of PA are provided? Sports clubs, teams – across the board Countryside activities – Ramblers Ass. Local jogging, recreational cycling or fitness groups Either own their own facilities or hire from LA, councils, etc May be totally volunteer or pay individuals for certain roles (help league progression, money management, etc)
How can these activities be funded? Funding depends of resources required: pitches, changing, etc or just a location, time and information to other participants Grants: LA, councils, parish councils Lottery grants: Awards for All (up to £10K) direct from Lottery or Community Investment Fund (above £10k) from Sport Eng. Subscriptions, fees from participants Fund raising Income from social activities – bar, etc
Characteristics of Voluntary Sector 1. Non- profit 2. Pay to play through subs or fees 3. Support roles filled by volunteers 4. Grant aid from lottery, sport Eng or NGB’s 5. Fund Raise for capital 6. Any profit goes back into club/organisation 7. Wide range of sporting & recreational activities.
TALK AND LISTEN AGAIN IN PAIRS – STAND UP. 1 PERSON TALKS ABOUT WHAT THEY HAVE LEARNT TODAY FOR 1 MIN AND THE OTHER LISTENS. THE OTHER THEN HAS A GO.
Homework List 3 advantages and 3 disadvantages for each of the 3 sectors in providing leisure/sporting opportunities and facilities – Read and use p151 to 156 See what you can find out about the concept of “ Best Value”!