2 Nutrition During Pregnancy Single most important requirementBaby’s growth and development depend on nutrients from mother
3 Five food groups plus oils Nutritional guidelines known as MyPyramid for MomsGrainsVegetablesFruitsMilk ProductsMeat and BeansOils
4 Grains Essential to any well-balanced diet Contain carbohydrates, which provide energyGrains fortified with folic acid can help prevent defects to the baby’s nervous systemNutrients in grain also reduce risk of heart disease and keep digestive system workingIncludes any food made from wheat, rice, cornmeal, barley, or other grainsEx. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, and tortillas
5 Grains Whole grains and refined grains Whole grains are generally more nutritiousAt least half grains should be wholeLabel on food should say “whole” in ingredients.
6 Vegetables Keeps mother’s heart healthy Reduce chances of diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancersRich in potassium and dietary fiberMany rich in folic acids and vitamins A,C, and E.Low in fat and calories
7 Vegetables Different colored veggies provide different nutrients Dark green, such as broccoli and spinachOrange veggies, such as carrots and pumpkinDry beans and peasStarchy veggies, such as potatoes and cornOther veggies, such as celery and onions
8 Fruits Any fruit or 100% fruit juice is included Apples, bananas, tomatoes, avocados, strawberries, and orangesFruit juices are high in calories and do not contain fiberFruits can be fresh, frozen, canned, or driedMain healthy heart and blood vesselsControl body weightGood source of potassium, dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, and folic acid
9 Milk ProductsIncludes all varieties of milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurtNutrients include calcium, potassium, vitamin D, and proteinCalcium is vital for building healthy bones and teethImportant to prevent osteoporosis, a condition in which bones become fragile and break easily.
10 Milk Products Choose milk products low-fat or fat-free High-fat products contain saturated fats and cholesterol that can increase risk of heart disease
11 Meat and BeansIncludes meat, poultry, fish, dried beans, nuts, and eggsChoose meat and poultry cuts that are low-fatProvide protein, which is vital for baby’s growth and development of bones and teethHelps keep mothers body healthyNeed more during pregnancy
12 Oils Oils are fats that are liquid at room temp. Come from either plants or fishCommon oils include olive oil, corn oil, and canola oilMany foods are naturally high in oils, such as nuts, olive, and some fish
13 Oils Solid fats contain more saturated or trans fats than oils. Can increase your risk for heart diseaseOils have more monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are healthierOils are healthier than solid fats, but still high in calories, so intake should be limited
14 Vitamins Vitamins help to maintain a healthy pregnancy Research shows some birth defects linked to vitamin deficiencyWomen need more during pregnancy
15 Vitamins Some important vitamins Vitamin A – ensure proper eye development and keeps skin healthyVitamin B – assist in fetal developmentVitamin C – helps build healthy teeth and gums and helps form connective tissue of skin, bone, and organsVitamin D – aids in creation of bones and teethFolic Acid – necessary for normal spinal development in fetus, lack of this can lead to spina bifida. Pregnant women need twice the normal amount
16 MineralsPregnant women need iron, which helps prevent anemia and assists in developing baby’s own blood supplyDried beans, raisins, dates, meat, and leafy green veggiesCalcium and phosphorus are also important to produce strong bones and teeth and ensure elimination of waste from body
17 Nutrition and Pregnant Teens Pregnant teens must be especially careful to eat nutritious meals and snacksEssential for a teen’s own body and for her growing baby to get all nutrients for proper growth and developmentNeed calcium and ironShould discuss nutritional needs with their doctor
18 Sensitivities to MilkMilk is rich in calcium, protein, and other key nutrientsSome expectant mothers who cannot tolerate milk products need special eating strategiesOne alternative is to eat larger amounts of other calcium-rich foods, such as broccoli, tofu, and leafy green veggiesProtein can come from meat, fish, dried beans, and nuts.
19 Sensitivities to MilkSome people are lactose intolerant, which means milk products cause abdominal pain and gasMany who have problems digesting lactose can still eat dairy food in small quantities or eaten with other food.Fortified soy milk can also provide nutrients
20 Sensitivities to Milk Lactase is an enzyme that helps digest lactose Eating foods with lactase, such as yogurt, helps some people digest milkTaking lactase in liquid or tablet form can also relieve symptomsPregnant women should consult doctor before taking a lactase supplement
21 Vegetarians Do not eat meat, which is high in protein Some vegetarians, called vegans, do not any animal products, including eggs and milkVegetarians eat food from plant sources, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, beans, nuts, and seedsSome choose this diet for religious or cultural reasonsBy eating enough tofu and other soybean products, dried beans, nuts, and nut better pregnant vegetarians can still get needed proteinAs always, consult with doctor to discuss diet
22 Go to http://www.mypyramid.gov/mypyramidmoms/index.html Scroll down and click on MyPyramid Plan for MomsChoose pregnant and age is 30Due date is January 1, 2011Height is 5’-5”Pre-pregnancy weight is 130Physical activity is less than 30 minutesHit SubmitScroll down and click on MyPyramid Menu PlannerEnter Sally for the Name and click submitEnter food on the top left hand side of screen