Presentation on theme: "and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s"— Presentation transcript:
1and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s Rise of New Leadersand Ideas in Europe during the 1930s
2Contestant #2 I have a drinking habit and a defiant tongue or attitude Who Would You Vote For?Contestant #1 I am a womanizer, have self-interested policies and unfortunately suffer from ailing health.Contestant #2 I have a drinking habit and a defiant tongue or attitudeContestant #3 I am a decorated war hero, do not drink and want to create a stable economy
3Who Did You Vote For?Contestant #3Contestant #2Contestant #1
4Complete Political Spectrum Quiz (on moodle) Where do you stand?Complete Political Spectrum Quiz (on moodle)
6What is your score? Stand on the line. Now- think about:What is more important, individual rights or rights of the nation as a whole?In times of crisis, how much control should be given to the police and military in a country?Who should control the media (government or corporations)?Can a government that has only one leader be effective?
7TotalitarianismWhat is it?When would it be useful?
8TotalitarianismGovernment establishes complete control of all aspects of the state (political, military, economy, social, cultural)Highly nationalistic (flags, salutes, rallies, uniforms)Strict controls and lawsMilitary state (secret police, army, military)Censorship (opposing literature and ideas)Propaganda (media – radio, newspapers, posters)One leader (dictator); charismaticTotal conformity of people to ideas and leaderTerror and Fear
9Great Depression during 1930s Total Control of State by a Dictator Black Tuesday stock market crashesTreaty of VersaillesGreat Depression during 1930sTotalitarianismIncreasing influence of new political parties that emphasize state control -For example: Communism, Nazism, FascismTotal Control of State by a Dictator
10Nazism Fascism Communism Totalitarianism*These theories, specifically Communism and Fascism, are completely different theories that are bitterly opposed; however they exhibit the same behaviour
11CommunismI am Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union fromWhat is Communism?LEFT WINGbased on theory by Karl Marxrevolutionary idea of a political, economic and social system that creates a “classless society”state ownership and control of the means of production (no private ownership)Soviet Communism or “Stalinism”, was more of a totalitarian and military state combined with elements of communism
12FascismI am Benito Mussolini the leader (Il Duce) of Italy from 1922 to 1943.What is Fascism?RIGHT WINGintense nationalism and elitismtotalitarian controlinterests of the state more important than individual rightsmaintain class system and private ownershipInteresting Fact: Fascism name was derived from the fasces, an ancient Roman symbol of authority consisting of a bundle of rods and an ax
13NazismI am Adolf Hitler the leader (der Fuhrer) or dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945.What is Nazism?extremely fascist , nationalistic and totalitarianbased on beliefs of the National Socialist German Workers Partybelief in the racial superiority of the Aryan, the “master race”belief that all Germans should have “lebensraum” or living space in EuropeViolent hatred towards Jews and blamed Germany’s problems on them
15Nazi Military State GESTAPO: the Secret State Police SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SASA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political partiesLebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into eastWehrmacht: German armyHJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler YouthEinstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing unitsVolk: all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)
20“The Eternal Jew” Depiction of a Jew holding gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Under his arm is a map of the world, with the imprint of the hammer and sickle. Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti-Semitic feelings, and in some cases violence against the Jewish community.This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew.