Presentation on theme: "Module One, Lecture Nine: A Case of Leadership and Governance Professor Kerry E. Howell."— Presentation transcript:
Module One, Lecture Nine: A Case of Leadership and Governance Professor Kerry E. Howell
Did cultural perspectives emanate from leaders and of what did these consist? Was/is the WA transforming itself into a ‘cultural producer’? Does the Welsh Assembly provide leadership for Wales?
Path-dependency is where ideas incorporated in the formation of an institution are endogenous to present and future decisions. Institutions only change in relation to past decisions ‘Path-dependent in that initial choices determine later developments and once a particular pathway is selected, alternatives tend to be ruled out thereafter’ (Bulmer and Burch 2001; p 81).
Culture incorporated the accepted meaning for a group at a particular historical moment Culture involves values and beliefs that are both created by and revealed to members of organisations. Human beings are ‘suspended in webs of significance that they themselves have spun I take culture to be those webs, and the analysis of it to be therefore not an experimental science in search of law but an interpretive one in search of meaning’ (Geertz, 1993; p 5).
Must not confuse ‘individual assumptions’ of the leader with the shared assumptions that define the concept of culture. Culture emerges when ‘individual assumptions’ lead to ‘shared experiences’ that solve the group’s problems of ‘external survival’ and ‘internal integration’. Culture is created by ‘shared experience’, but it is leaders who initiate the process by imposing beliefs, values and assumptions at the outset (see Schein, 1997; p 225).
Pre-devolution Wales Leadership as Cultural Producer Civic Constitution and Welsh Assembly Richard Commission Ron Davies
Worldviews and path-dependency may be identified in cross- party or general cultural perspective outlined in the Democracy Declaration (1994) The declaration was approved by a Constitutional Conference of 250 people who represented local authorities, political parties, trade unions and churches in Wales. Called for elected parliament, cultural diversity, gender balance, responsibility and greater democracy in terms of electoral procedures and representation, (see Osmond, 1995; pp ). Further outlined in evidence and conclusions of Richard Commission (path-dependency).
Interviews discovered concepts such as transparency, accountability, autonomy, inclusiveness, democratic deficit. Cross-party ideals identified in secondary data e.g Democratic Declaration (1994). Party line or external cultural perspective taken into the Assembly? Leadership part of brief and based around the above ideals. Leaders individual assumptions become ‘shared basic assumptions’ and ‘emerging stable relations’ became culture (Shein, 1997).
Early leadership defines culture through shared experience Intensity diluted through on-going shared experience of government and policy-making Deals with internal integration and survival
Bulmer, S. and Burch, M. (2001). The Europeanisation of Central Government: the UK and Germany: Historical Institutionalist Perspective in G. Schneider and M. Aspinwall (Eds.) The Rules of Integration: Institutionalist Approaches to the Study of Europe. European. Policy Research Unit Series, Manchester, Manchester University Press, pp Bulmer, S. Burch, M. Carter, C. Hogwood, P. and Scott, A. (2001) European Policy-Making Under Devolution: Britain’s New Multi-Level Governance. European Policy Research Unit (EPRU) Book No 1/01 Department of Government Manchester University. Howell, K. E. (2003) Developing Self and Other Recognition: Political Identity in the National Assembly for Wales. Public Policy and Administration. Vol 18 (2) Summer pp Howell, K. E. (2007) Cultural Perspectives in the National Assembly for Wales: Identifying Path-Dependency, Critical Moments and Critical Junctures. Contemporary Wales, Vol 19, pp Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Howell, K. E. (2009) Devolution and Institutional Culture: Path-Dependency and the Welsh Assembly. Policy Studies. Vol 30, Issue 2, 2009 pp UK: Taylor & Francis Publishers. See Notes for Further Reading
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