Presentation on theme: "Communism Spreads in East Asia"— Presentation transcript:
1Communism Spreads in East Asia Chapter 15Section 3
2Communists vs. Nationalists in China After WWII, Mao Zedong led communist forces to victory over Jiang Jieshi’s Nationalists, who fled to TaiwanMao began to reshape China’s economyFirst, he gave land to peasants, but then called for collectivization (similar to Russia under Stalin)Under this system, Mao moved people from their small villages and individual farms into communes of thousands of people on thousands of acres
4Great Leap ForwardKnown as the Great Leap Forward, the program was intended to increase farm and industrial productionInstead, it produced low quality, useless goods and less foodBad weather also affected crops, and many people starved
5Cultural Revolution in China To remove “bourgeois” (middle class) tendencies from China, Mao began the Cultural RevolutionSkilled workers and managers were removed from factories and forced to work on farms or in labor campsThis resulted in a slowed economy and a threat of civil war
6China’s Cultural Revolution A poster during the Cultural Revolution. Caption reads : The Chinese People's Liberation Army is the Great School of Mao Zedong Thought
7Taiwan vs. China U.S. Relations with China At first, the United States supported the Nationalist government in TaiwanThe West was concerned that the Soviet Union and China would become allies, but border clashes led the USSR to withdraw aid and advisors from ChinaU.S. leaders thought that by improving relations with the Chinese, they would further isolate the SovietsIn 1979, the USA established diplomatic relations with China
10The Korean PeninsulaKorea was an independent nation until Japan invaded it in WWIIAfter WWII, American and Soviet forces agreed to divide the Korean Peninsula at the 38th parallelKim Il Sung, a communist ruled North KoreaSyngman Rhee, allied with the USA, controlled South Korea
1238th Parallel Separating North Korea and South Korea
13Korean WarIn 1950, North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel and attacked South KoreaThe United Nation forces stopped them along a line known as the Pusan Perimeter, then began advancing northMao Zedong of China sent troops to help the North KoreansU.N. forces were pushed back south of the 38th parallel
15Armistice in KoreaIn 1953, both sides signed an armistice to end the fighting, but troops today remain on both sides of the demilitarized zone (DMZ)There is no peace treaty between North and South Korea—a state of war technically still existsOver time, South Korea enjoyed an economic boom and a rise in living standards, while communist North Korea’s economy declinedMany North Koreans have starved to deathKim Il Sung’s emphasis on self-reliance kept North Korea isolated and poor
17Powerpoint Questions (13 points) 1. Who established Taiwan?2. Explain Chinese collectivization.3. What was the Great Leap Forward?4. Why was the Great Leap Forward a failure?5. What was the Cultural Revolution?6. Whom did the USA support in the beginning – China or Taiwan?7. When did the USA formally recognize mainland China?
18Powerpoint Questions (13 points) 8. Where was Korea divided after WWII?9. Who was the leader of South Korea?10. Who was the leader of North Korea?11. In what year did North Korea invade South Korea?12. What country assisted North Korea?13. What is the “DMZ”? Where is it located?