3A-100ANSWER: An international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; the U.S. did not sign it.QUESTION: What is the Kyoto Protocol?
4A-200ANSWER: Also called the “Superfund,” it is intended to clean up abandoned toxic waste sites.QUESTION: What is another name for CERCLA and what is its primary goal?
5A-300ANSWER: An international treaty that prevents trade in endangered & threatened plants & animals.QUESTION: What is CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species)?
6A-400ANSWER: The legislation that requires the EPA to oversee pesticide regulations.QUESTION: What is FIFRA?
7A-500ANSWER: Regulates large amounts of hazardous waste from the time it is generated until it is disposed.QUESTION: What is RCRA (Resource Conservation & Recovery Act)?
8B-100 ANSWER: Bioremediation QUESTION: What is the use of living organisms to help clean up or destroy toxic or hazardous substances and wastes?
9B-200ANSWER: It is the single major cause of current species’ extinctions and rate of extinction increase.QUESTION: What effect does human influence have on extinctions?
10B-300ANSWER: Areas especially rich in species that are found nowhere else and that are in great danger of extinction.QUESTION: What are hot spots?
11B-400 ANSWER: Coevolution and convergent evolution, respectively QUESTION: In what type of evolution do organisms living in similar conditions evolve together, and in what type of evolution do unrelated species develop similarly because they develop under similar (but different) environmental conditions?
12B-500 ANSWER: 3 characteristics that promote species extinctions QUESTION: What are low reproductive rate, feeding at high trophic levels and rare?
13C-100 ANSWER: The Rule of 70 QUESTION: What is the following formula: Doubling time =_____70______% growth rate
14C-200ANSWER: The maximum number of individuals in a species that can be sustained indefinitely in a given area.QUESTION: What is carrying capacity?
15C-300ANSWER: A J-curveQUESTION: What is the shape of the graph that results when exponential growth is plotted?
16C-400ANSWER: Species whose population size is usually stable and close to carrying capacity; the species tends to have few offspring, which it cares for, be large and long-lived.QUESTION: What are K-strategists (or K-selected species)?
17C-500 ANSWER: Density-dependent factors QUESTION: What are factors that affect population growth with an increasing effect as population size increases?
18D-100 ANSWER: The term for people leaving a country. QUESTION: What is emigration?
19D-200ANSWER: Reduce poverty, use family planning strategies, elevate the status of womenQUESTION: What seem to be the best strategies to slow human population growth, based on experience from several countries?
20D-300 ANSWER: The equation for population growth rate. QUESTION: What does this equation show?R% = (birth rate + immigration rate) – (death rate + emigration rate)
21D-400ANSWER: The ranges in the 3 horizontal bands in population age structure diagrams.QUESTION: What are 0-14, and 45+?
22D-500ANSWER: The model that shows the change in birth rate, death rate and population growth as a developing nation gradually improves living conditions.QUESTION: What is the Demographic Transition model?
23E-100ANSWER: One of the most extensive set of environmental regulations, it protects both endangered/threatened species and their habitats.QUESTION: What is the Endangered Species Act?
24E-200ANSWER: Average environmental impact of an individual in terms of the resources needed to support that person compared to other people in different communities.QUESTION: What is an ecological footprint?
25E-300 ANSWER: Unsustainable overconsumption QUESTION: What is affluenza?
26E-400 ANSWER: Sustainable QUESTION: Living without depleting or degrading the earth’s natural resources.
27E-500ANSWER: The power of the government to force a private citizen to sell property needed for the public good.QUESTION: What is eminent domain?
28FINAL JEOPARDY ANSWER: The current global human population QUESTION: What is just over 7 billion?