Question Answer A-100 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: A condition in which people overuse a resource available to everyone until the resource is depleted QUESTION: What is the Tragedy of the Commons?
Question Answer A-200 ANSWER: Ecological footprint QUESTION: Amount of productive land and water needed to sustain each person with the resources they use and to absorb or dispose of their wastes
Question Answer A-300 ANSWER: The major cause of reduced human lifespan globally QUESTION: What is poverty?
Question Answer A-400 ANSWER: point and non-point sources of pollution QUESTION: What types of pollutants come from a single, identifiable source, and what type of pollutants come from multiple sources that are difficult to pinpoint or ID?
Question Answer A-500 ANSWER: The concept that when there is uncertainty about the harm/danger from an activity, action should be taken to prevent that harm/danger before it might occur QUESTION: What is the Precautionary Principle?
Question Answer ANSWER: The 2 forces that drive the hydrologic cycle QUESTION: What are gravity and solar energy? B-100
Question Answer B-200 ANSWER: Low-quality energy, a form that usually results from energy transformations QUESTION: What is heat?
Question Answer B-300 ANSWER: The 2 primary processes in the carbon cycle QUESTION: What are photosynthesis and respiration?
Question Answer B-400 ANSWER: 2 terms for the movement of water through soil and rock QUESTION: What are infiltration and percolation?
Question Answer B-500 ANSWER: The first and second laws of thermodynamics (in order) QUESTION: What are the laws that state 1.energy is neither created nor destroyed, and 2.energy conversions create an increase in disorder and disperse heat
Question Answer C-100 ANSWER: Vectors QUESTION: What are agents of disease transmission?
Question Answer C-200 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: a measure of how harmful a substance is, and the amount that a person (or other organism) ingests, inhales or absorbs QUESTION: What are toxicity and dose?
Question Answer C-300 ANSWER: Vectors for West Nile Virus and Lyme Disease, respectively QUESTION: What are mosquitoes and ticks?
Question Answer C-400 ANSWER: Biomagnification QUESTION: What is the accumulation of toxins in body tissues due the ingestion of compounds that build up to toxic levels over time
Question Answer C-500 ANSWER: LD50 and threshold level QUESTION: What is the amount of toxic material (per unit of body weight) that kills 50% of a test population, and what is the level below which no effects from a toxin are apparent?
Question Answer D-100 ANSWER: a diagram showing complex feeding patterns in an ecosystem QUESTION: What is a food web?
Question Answer D-200 ANSWER: 3 types of organisms that feed off the remains or wastes of other organisms QUESTION: What are scavengers, decomposers, detrivores/detritus feeders?
Question Answer D-300 ANSWER: the 5 trophic levels in a food chain/web from bottom to top QUESTION: what are –Producers –Herbivores –Carnivores/omnivores –Scavengers/detrivores –Decomposers
Question Answer D-400 ANSWER: the 10% rule QUESTION: What rule/principle states that for every successively higher trophic level in a food chain/web, only 10% of the energy from the level below is available
Question Answer D-500 ANSWER: 2 each density-dependent and density-independent population control factors (in order) QUESTION: What are 2 each of: –Food, disease, shelter, competition for resources (others possible); and –Habitat destruction, natural disasters, adverse weather (others possible)
Question Answer E-100 ANSWER: areas rich in biodiversity but also having many species vulnerable to endangerment/extinction QUESTION: What are hot spots (in ecology)?
Question Answer E-200 ANSWER: 2 characteristics that make a species prone (more likely) to extinction QUESTION: What are 2 of: –Low population density or size –Large body size –Specialized niche/inability to adapt –Low reproductive rate –Few offspring
Question Answer E-300 ANSWER: Coevolution and convergent evolution (in that order) QUESTION: What is the situation in which different interacting species evolve together, and the situation in which unrelated species evolve similarly but in different areas?
Question Answer E-400 ANSWER: 2 major provisions of the Endangered Species Act QUESTION: It designates plants and animals that are threatened and endangered, it protects the habitat of those designated plants and animals
Question Answer E-500 ANSWER: the 2 factors thought to be the most harmful to biodiversity today QUESTION: What are habitat destruction and invasion by non-native species?
Question Answer F-100 ANSWER: The biggest problem for most U.S. national parks today QUESTION: What is increased/too many visitors?
Question Answer F-200 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: The most and the least restricted use designations for public lands QUESTION: What are Wilderness Areas and National Resource Lands/BLM land?
Question Answer F-300 ANSWER: 4 characteristics of K-strategist species QUESTION: What are any 4 of: –Large size –Few in number –Offspring receive parental care –Specialized niche –Low reproductive rate –Adapted to stable environmental conditions –Vulnerable to extinction (more so than r-strategists) –Long lifespan
Question Answer F-400 ANSWER: High population density, wide ranging niche, high reproductive rate QUESTION: What are some factors that would make a species an r-strategist (or resistant to extinction)?
Question Answer F-500 ANSWER: CITES QUESTION: The international treaty that controls trade in endangered species
Question Answer FINAL JEOPARDY ANSWER: Descriptions of what happens to nitrogen in the nitrogen cycle during fixation, nitrification, assimilation, ammonification and denitrification QUESTION: What is conversion from an atmospheric gas to soil ammonia/ammonium, then to nitrate/nitrite, then uptake by plants & animals, next organic waste is decomposed to ammonia, and finally returned as a gas to the atmosphere