Presentation on theme: "APES 1st Semester Jeopardy Review: Populations and Air"— Presentation transcript:
1 APES 1st Semester Jeopardy Review: Populations and Air A: Community EcologyB: Human PopulationC: Population Graphs & FormulasD: Climate & BiomesE: Air & PollutionF: Grab Bag100100100100100100200200200200200200300300300300300300400400400400400400400500500500500500500500Final Jeopardy
3 A-100ANSWER: The maximum number of individuals of a species that can be sustained indefinitely in an ecosystemQUESTION: What is carrying capacity?
4 A-200 ANSWER: pioneer species QUESTION: What type of species initially become established where there is primary succession?
5 A-300 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: forest fires, deforestation, mudslides QUESTION: What are some conditions that would lead to secondary succession?
6 A-400 ANSWER: 3 causes of tropical deforestation QUESTION: What are 3 of:Poverty, population growth near tropical forests, environmentally harmful govt. subsidies, agriculture (crops, animals), not valuing ecological services of forests, logging, mining, roads, fires, flooding from damming
7 B-100ANSWER: freely available contraceptives, preferential employment, economic incentivesQUESTION: What are some of the components of China’s population control program?
8 A-500 ANSWER: Commensalism, Mutualism, Keystone and Indicator QUESTION: What are species interaction in whichOne specie benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefitted;Both species benefit;A species that is necessary for the well-being of an ecosystem and other species; andA species that can serve as an early warning sign of damage to the ecosystem
9 B-200ANSWER: The most significant factor in contributing to rapid world human population growth in the last centuryQUESTION: What are declining death rates?
10 B-300ANSWER: the names/descriptions of the 3 bands in age structure diagrams, and which band’s width that indicates the population growth for the near futureQUESTION: What are pre-reproductive, reproductive and post-reproductive stages; and the bottom (pre-reproductive) stage?
11 B-400ANSWER: the 2 most reliable/used indicators of overall health in a countryQUESTION: What are life expectancy and infant mortality rate?
12 B-500ANSWER: the 3 factors that best empower women to have fewer childrenQUESTION: What are education/literacy, a paying job outside the home, and not having their rights suppressed?
13 C-100 ANSWER: the population growth/change equation QUESTION: What does this equation represent?(birth rate + immigration rate) –(death rate + emigration rate)
14 C-200DAILY DOUBLE!ANSWER: The name for the equation and the equation that calculates how long it takes to double a percentage rate.QUESTION: What is the Rule of 70 and 70/% = doubling time?
15 C-300ANSWER: the first produces a “J” curve and the second an “S” curveQUESTION: What do exponential and logistic growth curves/graphs look like?
16 C-400ANSWER: a graphical representation population size and growth in a countryQUESTION: What are age population structure diagrams (or population pyramids)?
17 C-500ANSWER: The hypothesis/model that states as countries become industrialized, first their death rates and then their birth rates decline in four stages as their total populations increaseQUESTION: What is the Demographic Transition model?
18 D-100 ANSWER: Primarily responsible for seasons on Earth QUESTION: What is the tilt of the Earth’s axis?
19 D-200ANSWER: upwellingsQUESTION: What are cold, nutrient-rich ocean waters brought to the surface?
20 D-300ANSWER: The 2 most important factors in determining climate of an areaQUESTION: What are temperature and precipitation?
21 D-400ANSWER: Large convection currents of air created by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface and its rotation on its axisQUESTION: What are Hadley Cells?
22 D-500ANSWER: El NiñoQUESTION: What is the situation in which Pacific trade winds are reversed so they travel from west to east, causing a drop in the thermocline and upwelling, and a disruption of normal weather patterns worldwide?
23 E-100 ANSWER: It forms when NOx and VOCs react with sunlight QUESTION: What is smog?
24 E-200 ANSWER: Cause of a thermal inversion QUESTION: What is a layer (lid) of warm air on top of (trapping) a layer of cooler air below?
25 E-300ANSWER: PM 2.5sQUESTION: What are suspended particulates small enough to be trapped in respiratory passages that they may contribute to respiratory diseases?
26 E-400 ANSWER: The main provision of the Clean Air Act QUESTION: What Act requires the EPA to set national ambient air quality standards for air pollutants?
27 E-500 ANSWER: 2 devices used to remove particulate emissions QUESTION: What are electrostatic precipitators and wet scrubbers?
28 F-100ANSWER: The property that causes the atmosphere to be divided into layersQUESTION: What is temperature change?
29 F-200DAILY DOUBLE!ANSWER: Mimicry, camouflage, flight/running away, hiding, chemicals/toxinsQUESTION: What are examples of defense mechanisms some organisms use to avoid becoming prey?
30 F-300ANSWER: Condition that creates flu-like symptoms after spending time in non-ventilated buildingsQUESTION: What is sick building syndrome?
31 F-400ANSWER: The term for buying and selling of air pollution rights (within specific limits)QUESTION: What is cap and trade (or emissions trading)?
32 F-500 ANSWER: debt-for-nature swap QUESTION: What is payoff of a (country’s, usually) debt, not with money, but with ownership of land in that country by the entity (other country or organization) to which money is owed?
33 FINAL JEOPARDY ANSWER: 3 criticisms of the Clean Air Act QUESTION: What are 3 of:Inadequate increases in vehicle fuel efficiency standardsInadequate measures to reduce GHGRelying on pollution cleanup rather than preventionFailure to regulate emissions from ships, airplanes, small engines, & indoor air pollutantsPoor enforcement of existing regulations