Question Answer A-100 ANSWER: The 4 layers of the atmosphere, from bottom to top QUESTION: What are troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere and thermosphere?
Question Answer A-200 ANSWER: The curving of winds and ocean currents as a result of the earths rotation. QUESTION: What is the Coriolis Effect?
Question Answer A-300 ANSWER: The boundary between 2 air masses, where the most dramatic weather changes occur. QUESTION: What is a weather front?
Question Answer A-400 ANSWER: A change in the direction of tropical winds warms coastal surface water, suppresses upwellings, and causes changes in global weather. QUESTION: What happens during an El Niño?
Question Answer A-500 ANSWER: Strong winds that circle the earth in the upper troposphere and influence weather patterns below. QUESTION: What are Jet Stream winds?
Question Answer ANSWER: Warm air sits on top of cooler air and traps pollutants (which can build to harmful levels) in the lower layer. QUESTION: What occurs in a temperature inversion? B-100
Question Answer B-200 ANSWER: At this level, they are small enough to reach the lower part of the lungs and contribute to respiratory diseases. QUESTION: What are PM-2.5s? (< 2.5 μ)
Question Answer B-300 ANSWER: These are the 6 criteria air pollutants found in outdoor air, as determined by the EPA QUESTION: What are CO, NO 2, SO 2, PMs (or SPM), O 3 and Pb?
Question Answer B-400 ANSWER: These are the 4 most dangerous pollutants in a type of pollution that is usually a much greater threat to human health than outdoor air pollution. QUESTION: What are cigarette smoke, formaldehyde, radioactive radon-222 gas and very small fine/ultrafine particles to indoor air pollution?
Question Answer B-500 ANSWER: This combination creates (photochemical) smog. QUESTION: What happens when air pollutants form from the reaction of nitrogen oxides and VOCs under the influence of sunlight?
Question Answer C-100 ANSWER: The bad type occurs as a pollutant in the troposphere, the good type is at the top of the stratosphere. QUESTION: Where do the 2 types of ozone occur?
Question Answer C-200 ANSWER: A category of organic compounds containing chlorine that react with ozone (destroying the ozone layer). QUESTION: What are CFCs (chlorinated fluorocarbons)?
Question Answer C-300 ANSWER: It makes life on earth possible by trapping some solar energy and keeping earths temperatures moderate. QUESTION: What is the benefit of the natural greenhouse effect?
Question Answer C-400 ANSWER: The 2 major greenhouse gases QUESTION: What are carbon dioxide and water vapor?
Question Answer C-500 ANSWER: 3 suggestions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions QUESTION: What are reducing fossil fuel use, using more renewable energy, and reduce human population/poverty (other answers possible)
Question Answer D-100 ANSWER: A thermocline QUESTION: What is the zone of temperature change from warm surface water to colder deep water?
Question Answer D-200 ANSWER: Flooded land area is destroyed, fish migration and spawning are disrupted, costly to construct QUESTION: What are disadvantages of dams (& reservoirs)?
Question Answer D-300 ANSWER: The 2 major problems concerning water availability, and the 2 major uses of water in the U.S. QUESTION: What are flooding and water shortages, and what are agriculture and power plant cooling?
Question Answer D-400 ANSWER: The 4 marine life zones. QUESTION: What are the coastal zone, the euphotic zone, the bathyal zone and the abyssal zone?
Question Answer D-500 ANSWER: 3 ways to increase the supply of fresh water in an area. QUESTION: What are: build dams and reservoirs, transfer water from another area, and withdraw ground water? (also, desalinization, waste and use less water)
Question Answer E-100 ANSWER: Excess nitrogen and phosphorus in water cause this. QUESTION: What causes eutrophication?
Question Answer E-200 ANSWER: Infectious agents, oxygen- demanding wastes, inorganic chemicals and organic chemicals QUESTION: What are the 4 major types of water pollutants?
Question Answer E-300 ANSWER: This results in thermal pollution QUESTION: What happens when there is input of heated water into a water source that can disrupt aquatic life?
Question Answer E-400 ANSWER: Primary and secondary wastewater treatment QUESTION: What are the physical processes that remove large floating objects and solids followed by biological and chemical processes to treat sewage?
Question Answer E-500 ANSWER: The maximum daily pollution amount allowed for a pollutant in a body of water (including sediments) QUESTION: What is TMDL (total maximum daily load)?
Question Answer FINAL JEOPARDY ANSWER: The ability of a surface to reflect light. QUESTION: What is albedo?