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OBJ: TO DETERMINE HOW MEDIEVAL RULERS CREATED STABLE LANDS BY IDENTIFYING CHANGES IN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS BY NEW LEADERS. POLITICAL REVIVAL IN THE HIGH.

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Presentation on theme: "OBJ: TO DETERMINE HOW MEDIEVAL RULERS CREATED STABLE LANDS BY IDENTIFYING CHANGES IN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS BY NEW LEADERS. POLITICAL REVIVAL IN THE HIGH."— Presentation transcript:

1 OBJ: TO DETERMINE HOW MEDIEVAL RULERS CREATED STABLE LANDS BY IDENTIFYING CHANGES IN POLITICS AND ECONOMICS BY NEW LEADERS. POLITICAL REVIVAL IN THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES

2 KINGDOM OF ENGLAND UNDER CANUTE

3 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLAND AS A UNIFIED LAND ALFRED THE GREAT 878 EXTENDS ROYAL RULE & LAW ROLE OF SHIRES 1013 VIKING INVASION & KING CANUTE ENGLAND CENTER OF HIS EMPIRE & USES ASSIMILATION & RECONCILIATION KING EDWARD STEP- SON OF CANUTE HEIRLESS SO WHO SUCCEEDS? Harold Godwinson crowned by Eng. Nobles , King Harald III of Norway grandson of Canute ( r) or Wm. Of Normandy, son of Edwards cousin & descendant of 1 st settlers of Normandy

4 WILLIAM OF NORMANDY MAJOR PLAYER IN NORMANDY UNITED HIS VASSALS READY TO CLAIM RIGHTFUL TITLE OF KING OF ENGLAND INVADES ENGLAND 1066 HAROLD & HARALD EXHAUSTED FROM FIGHTING VICTORIOUS & BECOMES KING OF ENGLAND SETS OUT TO UNIFY LANDS, VASSALS, POPULACE

5

6 TRANSFORMING ENGLAND INTO A UNIFIED MONARCHY LIMITED POWER OF VASSALS & CLERGY PRESERVED SHIRES BUT REPLACED WITH NORMANS RETAINED WRIT, ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER WRITTEN IN VERNACULAR INTRODUCED NORMAN INQUEST RESULTING IN THE DOMESDAY BOOK POPULATION, WHO HELD WHAT LAND, DISPUTES B/W VASSALS A CENSUS OF EVERYTHING

7 FINANCES: THERES NEVER ENOUGH MONEY EXPANSION COSTS $$$ HENRY I ( ) OFFICE OF THE EX- CHEQUER 1 ST INSTITU- TION OF GOVT BUREAU- CRACY- MONEY MANAGER MANY REVENUE SOURCES Taxes by peasants on estate Danegeld – tribute to Danes Dona- annual gift from church Fines, payments as lord to vassals

8 SLOW UNIFICATION OF THE WESTERN FRANKISH KINGDOM LOUIS VI & ILE DE FRANCE

9 MAINTAINING UNITY & STRENGTH CAPETIANS REPLACE CAROLINGIANS 987: HUGH CAPET SUCCESSION SOLVED GOAL: INCREASE SIZE OF ROYAL DOMAIN W/ ILE DE FRANCE AS NUCLEUS MANY INDEPENDENT PROVINCES THAT DIFFERED GREATLY LOUIS VI KING OF ST. DENIS

10 UNIFICATION UNDER PHILIP II r Grandson of Louis VI AUGUSTUS DUE TO AMOUNT OF LAND ADDED TO KINGDOM NORMANDY – KING JOHN OF ENGLAND (r ) VASSAL TO PHILIP & DERELICT IN RESPON- SIBILITIES ALL OF NORTHERN FRANCE CREATED METHOD OF COMMUNICATION B/W CENTRAL & LOCAL GOVT USING BAILLIS (N) & SENESCHALS (S) RESPONSIBLE TO THE KING AGENTS NOT FROM PROVINCE OF ORIGIN ROYAL INTERSTES SUPERSEDED LOCAL ONES – FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF FRENCH GOVT PROVINCES RETAINED OWN LAWS & INSTITUTIONS

11 FINANCES: THERES NEVER ENOUGH MONEY INCOME FROM ROYAL ESTATES IN THE ILE DE FRANCE AGENTS RESPONSIBLE FOR TAX & FINE COLLECTION HOST TALLAGE UNDER LOUIS IX ( ) MILITARY OBLIGATION TURNED INTO CASH PYMT JEWS OVERTAXED CHURCH RESPONSIBLE FOR SOCIAL SERVICES PEOPLE BELIEVED FRENCH KINGS SHOULD LIVE OFF INCOME OF OWN LAND TAX=WAR & SO SLOW TO DEVELOP BUREAU OF FINANCE


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