Presentation on theme: "-er verbs. On p. 31 of your text are many new verbs, many of which are considered regular –er verbs. This means they all are spelled similarly when writing."— Presentation transcript:
On p. 31 of your text are many new verbs, many of which are considered regular –er verbs. This means they all are spelled similarly when writing sentences. Here are some common –er verbs: jouer: to play regarder: to look at, watch danser: to dance écouter: to listen to
Common –er verbs étudier: to study nager: to swim voyager: to travel dîner: to dine téléphoner: to telephone chanter: to sing organiser: to organise travailler: to work
More common –er verbs habiter: to live inviter: to invite aimer: to like parler: to speak Notice all include the word to. This is called the infinitive and is the original form of the verb.
conjugation Lets work with the verb aimer: to like To use aimer in sentences, the spelling must agree with the subject (je, tu, il, elle, etc). The first step is to begin with the infinitive and remove the –er. aimer This leaves you with the stem aim. Next we will add the stem next to each subject pronoun.
Conjugation continued Jaimnous aim Tu aimnous aim Il/elle/on aimils/elles aim Notice the j above. Use this with vowel sounds. Next we will add appropriate endings for each subject pronoun. The endings for all regular –er verbs are as follows
-er verb endings Je/j: -enous: -ons Tu: -esvous: -ez Il/elle/on: -eils/elles: -ent Add these endings to the stem to say I like, you like, he/she likes, etc.
Adding the endings to the stem JaimeI like Tu aimesYou like Il/elle/on aimeHe/She/One likes Nous aimonsWe like Vouz aimezYou like Ils/elles aimentThey like
Creating sentences Using this pattern of endings, you can create sentences with any regular –er verb. 1. Je chante: I sing, I do sing, I am singing 2. Tu parles: you speak, you do speak, you are speaking 3. Elle danse. She dances, she is dancing, she does dance 4. Il organise
5. Nous travaillons. 6. Vous écoutez 7. Ils étudient 8. Elles invitent
Verbes ending in -ger nager: to swim voyager: to travel manger: to eat ranger: to put away, arrange, pick up When conjugating these verbs, keep the e before adding –ons in the nous form. example: nous mangeons: we eat
-ger verbs nous nageons: we swim nous voyageons: we travel This affects sentences containing nous only.