Presentation on theme: "Second conditional Verb + ing / to infinitive can, could, be able to 3º E.S.O Unit 8."— Presentation transcript:
Second conditional Verb + ing / to infinitive can, could, be able to 3º E.S.O Unit 8
CONDITIONALS What are conditionals in English grammar? What are conditionals in English grammar? If you study She will get that new mobile They won’t travel abroad this summer – They describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past). They can be: real and unreal You will pass If she works hard if they don't have money
CONDITIONALS We studied those related to real or possible situations first -. FIRST CONDITIONAL IF PRESENT SIMPLE / WILL+ INFINITIVE IF + PRESENT SIMPLESUBJECT + WILL/WON’T + INFINITVE If it rains If I study today If I have enough money if the train is delayed if she doesn't leave soon If I see her I won't go to the park I'll go to the party tonight I'll buy some new shoes She'll be late She'll miss the bus I'll tell her REMEMBER THAT THE ORDER IS NOT FIXED SUBJECT + WILL/WON’T + INFINITIVEIF + PRESENT SIMPLE I won't go to the park I'll go to the party tonight I'll buy some new shoes She'll be late She'll miss the bus I'll tell her If it rains If I study today If I have enough money if the train is delayed if she doesn't leave soon If I see her
Now you will see those talking about imagined, impossible or unreal future stuations. It uses the ‘simple past’ with ‘modal + base verb’ ‘If I won the lottery, I would buy a house 'If you met Mario Casas what would you ask him?’ 'If you met Scarlet Johanson what would you ask her?’
I WOULD… What would you do if you could be invisible for a day? What would you do if you had 1 million dolars? What would you do if you could fly? Where would you go if you could go anywhere? Who would you meet if you could met anyone?
What would you do if these things happened to you? Complete the sentences If I lived to be a hundred and ten, I'd have a big birthday party. 1. If I went to New York, ……. 2. If I found a rare animal, …. 3. If I forgot to do my homework, … 4. If I saw a bank robber, ….. 5. If I met somebody famous, …. 6. If I found a dinosaur's egg, …. 7. If I forgot my best friend's birthday, … 8. If I won a lot of money, …. 9. If I lost my friend's favourite book, … 10. If I became President, ….
Verb + ing / to infinitive When one verb is followed by another, the second verb can be either an infinitive or an –ing form. Some verbs can be followed by either an infinitive, or an –ing form but with a change in meaning. These are some of the most common ones. I like watching old films on TV. I like to wash up as soon as I finish eating Something you love, your hobbie, for example Something you want to do, a plan She likes to go to the swimming pool on Monday, she can’t go on Saturday
LIKE HATE LOVE PREFER – I like getting up early in summer – I hate dancing, so don't ask me to – I prefer walking to taking the bus – Would you like to come with me? – I love to take part in a musical They express liking if they are followed by a gerund If they are followed by an infinitive they express wishes ( deseos)
COULD / CAN / BE ABLE TO We have studied that modal verb CAN is used in the present tense to talk about abilities we have nowadays or things we can do now. My friend Guylene can sing very well, she has a beautiful voice..\..\SHORT VIDEOS\can\Worst Singer Ever.avi MODAL VERBS -Followed by infinitive without TO - Don’t change -Their negative form is made with NOT -- (Exception: HAVE TO/ DON’T HAVE TO)
She has a brother who is 20 years now, but when he was 5 he COULD play the drums very well..\..\SHORT VIDEOS\can\System of a Down- Toxicity, Drum Cover, 5 Year Old Drummer, Jonah Rocks.avi..\..\SHORT VIDEOS\can\System of a Down- Toxicity, Drum Cover, 5 Year Old Drummer, Jonah Rocks.avi I love music and I think that I WILL BE ABLE TO play like him in a the future...\..\SHORT VIDEOS\can\Grandma Drummer.avi..\..\SHORT VIDEOS\can\Grandma Drummer.avi
PAST PRESENT FUTURE COULDCAN WILL BE ABLE TO I COULD N’T read when I was 3 years old She can’t believe she is going to NY Will you be able to fix the car tomorrow? No, I won’t be able to fix it tomorrow