Recuerda! The subjunctive is a mood. It is used to express an action that is desired or hoped for but that is not necessarily real. The indicative mood is what all the verb tenses so far have been. It indicates or expresses actions that definitely are taking place, did take place, or will take place. In this blog, you’ll learn some keys that indicate the subjunctive is needed.
Expresiones Impersonales The following phrases indicate an action that is desired or possible. They are followed by the subjunctive since it is not definite that the action in the dependent clause that follows each expression will be a reality. Es posibleEs imposible Es probableEs improbable Es importanteEs necesario Es buenoEs mejor Es fácilEs difícil
Ejemplos Es posible que ellos vayan a Miraflores. Indep. Clause = It’s possible Depend. Clause = they may or may not go to Miraflores. Es imposible que lleguen a tiempo. Indep. Clause = It’s impossible Depend. Clause = they may or may not arrive on time. A causa del desvío, es fácil que se pierdan. Indep. Clause = It’s easy Depend. Clause = they may or may not get lost.
Deseos, Preferencías, Demandas The following verbs in the independent clause indicate the dependent clause that follows will use the subjunctive. Whether a person desires, hopes, prefers, demands, or insists that another person do something, one can never be sure that the person will in fact do it. Desearto desire Esperarto hope Preferirto prefer Mandarto order Insistir ento insist