Presentation on theme: "Slavery Africa to the New World"— Presentation transcript:
1Slavery Africa to the New World PICK UP APQ SHEETS & HAVE YOUR KEY POINTS READYToday is January 24THAfrica to the New World
2This Week in History1950, ending its status as a BRITISH dominion, INDIA became a republic.
3APQ 21 - AFRICAQuestions?HW: Online Article “Appeal to the King of Portugal” by Nzinga MbemaRead and consider how European colonization in Africa is the same and/or different than in the Americas. Prepare for discussion by answering the "Thinking Historically" questions.
4Africa Characteristics pre-1500 Large centralized territories Societies organized around kinship, often larger than many countries,Monarchies, empires, tribal leaders.Common language base–BantuReligion: Christianity & Islam, as well as indigenous belief systems.Economy: traditional, market/trade
5African Empires c.1500Students need to know at least 1 one these for the test!!!
6Songhay 1492 – expansive empire Originally they farmed, hunted and fishedMerchant community created in Gao (gold)Fusion of Islamic and indigenous traditionsStrong cavalry forces
8Nature of Slavery within African Societies Natural part of African societyWest Africa - system of slavery resembled European feudalismSlaves are seen as a labor resource, not propertyLabor is used to increase production & population = more power
9Treatment of Slaves within African Societies Generally well treatedLow social status, but active in societySome held responsible, high positionsAccepted by and lived among non-slaves in family settings
10Islamic TradersHarsh interpretations of Islamic law and conquest of North Africa justifies and expands slavery in Africa.Islamic traders exported slaves from 8th through 19th century.
11Contemporary Interpretation of Religious teaching; How was the justification for slavery on the part of the West similar to that of Islam?Contemporary Interpretation of Religious teaching;25:44 As for your male and female slaves who may belong to you, you may buy male and female slaves from the nations all around youLeviticus, Old Testament
12European BackgroundRoman Empire had established tradition of large-scale slavery in Europe1441-Portuguese begin the “African slave trade”1505-First Africans sent to HispaniolaBetween est. 12 million slaves42% went to BrazilAfrica lost about ½ its populationMortality rate 10-20% per ship
16Triangular Trade Slaves carried to Americas Sugar, tobacco, and other goods carried to EuropeEuropean products (manufactured goods: cloth, firearms) sent to coast of Africa in exchange for slaves continuing the triangle of trade
18Why Africans? No written language, many languages Native Americans dying offNo muskets and gunpowderAfricans already participated in trade by enslaving others, selling debtors and criminals, and kidnappingFamiliar with European-style agricultureImmune to European diseasePicture: Cape Coast Castle, W. Africa
19Economic Justification Slavery made development of New World profitableAfrican tribes needed weapons and supplies from Europe
20Exportation-African Diaspora Trip called Middle Passage5000 miles, 3 weeks to 3 months18-20 % diedAfrican people lose self respect and self identity
21White Settlers and African in Southern Africa Southern end of Africa was not affected by slave trade1652—Dutch East India Co establishes a colonyDepended on slave labor (1st from Asia)Expansion of the colony led to wars by Boers1795 British took controlWanted to limit Boer expansionShaka Zulu
22Amazing GraceAmazing grace! (how sweet the sound) That sav’d a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found, Was blind, but now I see.’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear, And grace my fears reliev’d; How precious did that grace appear, The hour I first believ’d!The Lord has promis’d good to me, His word my hope secures; He will my shield and portion be, As long as life endures.John Newton
23Effects Focus on men affected male/female ratios. During slave trade, African population overall increases - why?African nations collapsed and others were createdSlavery eventually considered immoral
25HOMEWORKAnalyze cultural changes in the New World between 1450 & (chs 11 & 19)Analyze cultural changes in sub-Saharan Africa between 1450 & 1750 (chs 8 & 21)You will be writing one of the two…
26Change Over Time Questions Remember, Change Over Time really means Change and Continuity over Time…Analyze cultural changes in the New World between 1450 & (ch: 11 & 19)Analyze cultural changes in sub-Saharan Africa between 1400 & 1750 (ch: 8 & 21)You will be writing one of the two!
27RUBRIC Readings from the Holy Book of AP CCOTRUBRIC Readings from the Holy Book of AP
28CCOT Change and Continuity over Time Essay Comparison essay where time periods are comparedThe Cause must be identified, described, and analyzedRead the question carefully and determine the categories and time periods to be compared.Write a thesis statement that specifically addresses all three pieces of this information.
29Types of CCOT Questions “Analyze changes in Latin America between 1400 and 1600”“Analyze changes in Latin America brought about by colonization from discovery to the 16th century”“Analyze economic and religious changes in Latin America following colonization”
30Set up a three-column chart with a beginning date, and end date, and a reference point in the middle (causation). GPERSIAOn the chart, list the status of the categories at the beginning of the time period given, at the middle marker and at the end of the time period given. Include three examples within each category. Include changes as well as continuities.Analyze at least ONE REASON for change or continuity brought about by an analysis of the CAUSE.
31Thesis Statement"During the time period between (x) and (x) in (wherever), (1,2 and 3) remained constant while there were significant changes in (4,5 and 6)."
32Substantiated ThesesYour thesis must address the prompt without rephrasing or copying it.I recommend that you use WAHP3 which stands for “what is it about, how will you prove it, give three examples.You must qualify the prompt (WA)Quantify the response (HP3).To qualify is to answer what it is about with specifics or quantities.
33(HP3) How will you prove it w/3 examples Compare and Contrast the class systems in Classical China and Classical India(WA) what is it aboutClassical China and Classical India both developed class systems that had some similarities, but many more differences.(HP3) How will you prove it w/3 examplesBoth had great inequalities (HP1), under India’s class system it was impossible to change your class(HP2), and interaction between the classes was severely limited(HP3) when compared to China.
34Write your paper, make the thesis the first paragraph and use one paragraph for each time period. Before eventEvent and causeAfter eventEffect and analysis(Opportunity for extended core points)