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Slavery Africa to the New World. Nature of Slavery within African Societies Natural part of African society In West Africa, system of slavery resembled.

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Presentation on theme: "Slavery Africa to the New World. Nature of Slavery within African Societies Natural part of African society In West Africa, system of slavery resembled."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery Africa to the New World

2 Nature of Slavery within African Societies Natural part of African society In West Africa, system of slavery resembled European feudalism Slaves were used to increase production and population of region = more power Seen more as resource, rather than trade commodity

3 Treatment of Slaves within African Societies Generally, slaves were well treated While low in hierarchy, active contributor to kingdom or community Some held high positions with significant responsibility Accepted by and lived with non-slaves in family settings

4 Islamic Traders Conquest of North Africa by Muslims expanded slavery in Africa Harsh interpretations of Islamic law justified enslavement of non-Muslims Islamic traders exported slaves from 8th through 19th century

5 European Background Portuguese started African slave trade in 1441 First Africans in Hispaniola in ~12 million Africans sent to Americas

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8 Triangular Trade Slaves carried to Americas Sugar, tobacco, and other goods carried to Europe European products (cloth, firearms) sent to coast of Africa for slaves to begin triangle trade again

9 Triangular Trade

10 Why Africans? No written language, many languages Native Americans dying off No muskets and gunpowder Africans participated in trade by enslaving others, selling debtors and criminals, and kidnapping

11 Justification Slavery made development of New World profitable Native American slaves died of diseases, escaped easily African tribes needed weapons and supplies from Europe

12 Exportation Trip called Middle Passage 5000 miles, 3 weeks to 3 months 20-25% died Strip Africans’ self respect and self identity

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14 Effects Focus on men affected male/female ratios During slave trade, African population overall increases - why? African nations collapsed and were formed Slavery finally considered immoral

15 The End 1807—Britain outlawed slave trade 1808—US outlawed slave trade 1833 —Britain outlawed slavery 1863—US outlawed slavery 1888—Brazil outlawed slavery John Newton William Wilberforce

16 Amazing Grace Amazing grace! (how sweet the sound) That sav’d a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found, Was blind, but now I see. ’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear, And grace my fears reliev’d; How precious did that grace appear, The hour I first believ’d! The Lord has promis’d good to me, His word my hope secures; He will my shield and portion be, As long as life endures. John Newton

17 Slavery Africa to the New World


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