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The Atlantic Slave Trade European World. Origins of the Slave Trade / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies.

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Presentation on theme: "The Atlantic Slave Trade European World. Origins of the Slave Trade / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Atlantic Slave Trade European World

2 Origins of the Slave Trade / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies

3 Origins of the Slave Trade / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies

4 Causes / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas

5 Causes / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas / tribal conflict in Africa prior to 1500 / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas / tribal conflict in Africa prior to 1500

6 Causes / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas / tribal conflict in Africa prior to 1500 / Arab traders taking slaves to North Africa and the Middle East prior to 1500s / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas / tribal conflict in Africa prior to 1500 / Arab traders taking slaves to North Africa and the Middle East prior to 1500s

7 Effects / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized”

8 Effects / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / undermined traditional African society / led to warfare and social decline / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / undermined traditional African society / led to warfare and social decline

9 Effects / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / undermined traditional African society / led to warfare and social decline / cultural diffusion / Africans were moved to: / Europe, North America, South America / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist views to support their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / undermined traditional African society / led to warfare and social decline / cultural diffusion / Africans were moved to: / Europe, North America, South America

10 Slave Trade

11 Horrors of the Middle Passage / whippings and beatings were common

12 Horrors of the Middle Passage / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel

13 Horrors of the Middle Passage / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold

14 Horrors of the Middle Passage / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold / captives often lived in their own vomit and waste / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold / captives often lived in their own vomit and waste

15 Horrors of the Middle Passage

16 / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold / captives often lived in their own vomit and waste / 20 % died of disease or brutal mistreatment / whippings and beatings were common / disease swept through the vessel / the smell of blood, sweat, and excrement filled the hold / captives often lived in their own vomit and waste / 20 % died of disease or brutal mistreatment

17 Horrors of the Middle Passage / The Amistad Incident / August 1839 / The Amistad Incident / August 1839

18 Amazing Grace

19 Amazing grace! How sweet the sound That saved a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found; Was blind, but now I see. ’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear, And grace my fears relieved; How precious did that grace appear The hour I first believed. John Newton Amazing grace! How sweet the sound That saved a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found; Was blind, but now I see. ’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear, And grace my fears relieved; How precious did that grace appear The hour I first believed. John Newton

20 William Wilberforce / Member of British Parliament ( ) / close friend of Prime Minister William Pitt / influenced by John Newton / campaigned for the abolition of slavery in the British Empire / Act was passed by 1833 / Member of British Parliament ( ) / close friend of Prime Minister William Pitt / influenced by John Newton / campaigned for the abolition of slavery in the British Empire / Act was passed by 1833

21 Amazing Grace - The Movie

22 Total Impact / 9.5 million people were moved

23 Total Impact / 9.5 million people were moved / at least 2 million died as a result of the trade / 9.5 million people were moved / at least 2 million died as a result of the trade


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