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Understanding the Classroom Implications of the Transition to the Common Core State Standards Willard R. Daggett, CEO January 10, 2012

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Point of Departure Common Core State Standards

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Point of Departure Common Core State Standards Next Generation Assessments

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Point of Departure Common Core State Standards Next Generation Assessments Teacher Evaluation

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Research Base

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School Improvement Schools are Improving

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School Improvement Changing World

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Skills Gap

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School Improvement Changing World Schools are Improving

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School Improvement Changing World Schools are Improving

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School Improvement Changing World Schools are Improving

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WHY – WHAT - HOW

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What Works RESEARCH MODEL SCHOOLS ACTION PLAN BEST PRACTICES STRUCTURE

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Focus What is effective?

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Research on Effectiveness Data-rich, analysis-poor –52,637

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Research on Effectiveness Data-rich, analysis-poor –Meta-analysis

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Research on Effectiveness Data-rich, analysis-poor –Meta-analysis Visible Learning by John Hattie –52,637 –800 meta-analyses

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Research on Effectiveness Data-rich, analysis-poor –Meta-analysis Visible Learning by John Hattie –52,637 –800 meta-analyses

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Focus What is effective?

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Focus What is effective? What is most efficient?

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Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework High Cost Low Cost

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Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance EfEffecfecttivenessivenessEfEffecfecttivenessivenesst

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Effectiveness and Efficiency Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance CDCDABABCDCDABAB EfEffecfecttivenessivenessEfEffecfecttivenessivenesst

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Application of Knowledge EffectiveEfficient

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Student Teacher Relationship Effective Efficient

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Teacher Expectations and Clarity EffectiveEfficient

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Literacy Strategies Effective Efficient

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0.72 0.90 0.62 0.75 0.40 0.67 0.90 0.60 0.75 0.90 0.69 0.80 0.60 0.65 0.55 0.75 0.21 0.20 0.30 0.55 0.22 0.90 0.23 0.20 Student Teacher PD Prior Achieve Form. Eval. Teacher Clarity Meta Strats. Literacy Strats. Peer Tutor Class Size Ability Group Teach Test Summer School

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Greatest Impact Culture of High Expectations Relevance of Instruction Strong Relationships System-wide Focus on Literacy Focused and Sustained PD

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What Works RESEARCH

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School Improvement Changing World Schools are Improving

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What Works RESEARCH MODEL SCHOOLS

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What Works RESEARCH MODEL SCHOOLS STRUCTURE

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What Works RESEARCH MODEL SCHOOLS BEST PRACTICES STRUCTURE

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What Works RESEARCH MODEL SCHOOLS ACTION PLAN BEST PRACTICES STRUCTURE

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WHY – WHAT - HOW

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WHY

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The Changing Landscape Technology

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The Changing Landscape Technology Financial

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The Changing Landscape Technology Financial Globalization

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Equity and Excellence

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The Changing Landscape Technology Financial Globalization Demographics

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why – WHAT - how

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Common Core State Standards Flip a Switch To Many Priorities Curriculum/Curriculum Map Non-Academic/Academic Instructional Practices (R/R) Academic Intervention

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Common Core State Standards Fewer Clearer Higher

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Reading Study Summary 600 800 1000 1400 1600 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)

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2005 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Mississippi 88 % Georgia 87 % Wisconsin 83 % Texas 81 % Ohio 77 % Florida 71% Arkansas 53 % Massachusetts 48 %

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2009 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Georgia 87 % Texas 84 % Ohio 82 % Wisconsin 82 % Florida 74% Arkansas 70 % Massachusetts 54 % Mississippi 52 %

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2005 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Mississippi 88 %161 Georgia 87 %175 Wisconsin 82 %189 Texas 81 %190 Ohio 77 %199 Florida 71%202 Arkansas 53 %217 Massachusetts 48 %234

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2009 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Georgia 87 %178 Texas 84 %188 Ohio 82 %192 Wisconsin 82 %189 Florida 74%206 Arkansas 70 %200 Massachusetts 54 %234 Mississippi 52 %210

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2009 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Georgia 87 % (0)178 (+3) Texas 84 % (+3)188 (-2) Ohio 82 % (+5)192 (-7) Wisconsin 82 % (-1)189 (0) Florida 74% (+3)206 (+4) Arkansas 70 % (+17)200 (-17) Massachusetts 54 % (+6)234 (0) Mississippi 52 % (-36)210 (+49)

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2009 Proficiency Grade 8 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Texas 94 % (+11)201 (-24) Wisconsin 85 % (-1)232 (+3) Georgia 77 % (-6)209 (-15) Ohio 72 % (-8)251 (+10) Arkansas 71 % (+14)241 (-13) Florida 54 % (+10)262 (-3) Mississippi 48 % (-10)254 (+7) California 48 % (+9)259 (-3)

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2009 Proficiency Grade 4 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score Texas 85 % (+3)214 (-5) Wisconsin 81 % (+7)219 (-16) Mississippi 58 % (-21)223 (+17) Georgia 75 % (0)218 (+3) Ohio 78 % (+13)219 (-14) Florida 75 % (+12)225 (-5) Arkansas 78 % (+25)216 (-20) Massachusetts 48 % (+9)255 (0)

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2009 Proficiency Grade 8 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score Texas 83 % (+22)254 (-19) Georgia 81 % (+12)247 (-8) Wisconsin 79 % (+4)262 (-1) Florida 66 % (+8)266 (-3) Ohio 59 % (+8)269 (-9) Arkansas 61 % (+27)267 (-21) Mississippi 54 % (+1)264 (+2) Massachusetts 49 % (+7)300 (-1)

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Common Core State Standards Fewer Clearer Higher Different

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Application Model 1.Knowledge in one discipline 2.Application within discipline 3.Application across disciplines 4.Application to real-world predictable situations 5.Application to real-world unpredictable situations

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Where are the Jobs Non-Routine Routine Rules Driven Problem Solving Less Innovation/Creativity Less People Intensive Business Operations Results Driven Decision Making More Innovation / Creativity More People Intensive Business Development 19802011

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Where are the Jobs Write an Algorithm Can be Digitized Can be Outsourced Cannot Write an Algorithm Cannot be Digitized Cannot be Outsourced 19802011 Non-Routine Routine

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Knowledge Taxonomy 1.Awareness 2.Comprehension 3.Application 4.Analysis 5.Synthesis 6.Evaluation

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Application Model 1.Knowledge in one discipline 2.Application within discipline 3.Application across disciplines 4.Application to real-world predictable situations 5.Application to real-world unpredictable situations

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1 2 3 4 5 Blooms CDCDABABCDCDABAB 4 5 6 3 2 1 Application Levels

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1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Rigor/Relevance Framework

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1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram. Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. Rigor/Relevance Framework

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1 2 3 4 5 Blooms CDCDABABCDCDABAB 4 5 6 3 2 1 Application Levels

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1 2 3 12345 A B D C Calculate with numbers, including decimals, ratios, percents, and fractions. Understand two- dimensional motion and trajectories by separating the motion of an object into x and y components. Rigor/Relevance Framework

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1 2 3 12345 A B D C Know the characteristics and phenomena of sound waves and light waves. Understand the effect of sounds, words, and imagery on a listening audience. Rigor/Relevance Framework

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Quad D Skills and Knowledge Decision Making Innovation/Creativity Goal Setting/Results Driven Multi Tasking Work with others

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why – what - HOW

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A B D C

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Next Navigator

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12345

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Road Map State Standards to State Test

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Wisconsin English LA Achievement Frameworks Subskills/Descriptors Knowledge and Concepts Exam - CRT (WKCE)

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State Tests State Standards A A

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Road Map State Standards to State Test State Standards to Research

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National Essential Skills Study (NESS)

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NESS Study Subgroup Rankings ELA Skill: Write clear and concise directions or procedures. GroupRank Overall9 Business/Industry2 Other Non-educators10 English Language Arts Teachers25 Other Educators8

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NESS Study Subgroup Rankings ELA Skill: Give clear and concise oral directions. GroupRank Overall7 Business/Industry3 Other Non-educators9 English Language Arts Teachers28 Other Educators7

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NESS Study Subgroup Rankings Math Skill: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to right triangles. GroupRank Overall20 Business/Industry29 Other Non-educators31 Mathematics Teachers4 Other Educators24

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NESS Study Subgroup Rankings Math Skill: Understand accuracy and precision of measurement, round off numbers according to the correct number of significant figures, and determine percent error. GroupRank Overall12 Business/Industry3 Other Non-educators10 Mathematics Teachers30 Other Educators8

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Proficiency

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Reading Study Summary 600 800 1000 1400 1600 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)

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NESS & Lexile State Tests State Standards C A C

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Common Core Standards NESS & Lexile State Tests State Standards C A

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Wisconsin Standards CCSS

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CCSS Wisconsin Standards

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Road Map State Standards to State Test State Standards to Research State Standards to CCSS CCSS to State Standard

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Road Map State Standards to State Test State Standards to Research State Standards to CCSS CCSS to State Standard State Test to CCSS Samples to NGA

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Road Map State Standards to State Test State Standards to Research State Standards to CCSS CCSS to State Standard State Test to CCSS Samples to NGA

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State Test NGA Create a large spinner for a game that has at least eight sectors. Each sector should be assigned a different prize. Prizes should range in value from most appealing to least appealing. Vary the sectors so that the probability to win a desired prize is much less that the probability to win a lesser desired prize. Calculate the theoretical probability of landing on each prize. Conduct multiple trials with the spinner and determine the experimental probability of landing on each prize. Which price has the greatest probability and which prize has the least probability?

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Common Core Standards NESS & Lexile State Tests State Standards Consortium Assessment DA

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Road Map State Standards to State Test State Standards to Research State Standards to CCSS CCSS to State Standard State Test to CCSS Samples to NGA NGA to CCSS

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12345

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A B D C

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Gold Seal Lessons

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Common Core State Standards Flip a Switch To Many Priorities Curriculum/Curriculum Map Non-Academic/Academic Instructional Practices (R/R) Academic Intervention

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Areas Impacted Standards Alignment Design for Rigor and Relevance Active Learning Strategies Personalization Literacy Math Rewards and Grading Technology

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1587 Route 146 Rexford, NY 12148 Phone (518) 399-2776 Fax (518) 399-7607 E-mail - info@LeaderEd.com www.LeaderEd.com

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