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Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Air Cargo Security in Japan Soshi MURAKAWA Special Assistant to the Director Aviation Security Office Aviation Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Air Cargo Security in Japan Soshi MURAKAWA Special Assistant to the Director Aviation Security Office Aviation Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Air Cargo Security in Japan Soshi MURAKAWA Special Assistant to the Director Aviation Security Office Aviation Safety and Security Promotion Division Civil Aviation Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Restricted

2 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Contents I.Overview of Aviation Security System in Japan in Japan II.Air Cargo Security in Japan 1.Regulated Agent Regime 2.Screening 3.Quality Control Restricted

3 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan I. Introduction - Civil Aviation Activities in Japan- I. Introduction - Civil Aviation Activities in Japan- International Passengers flow to and from Japan (Unit: Thousand) Restricted

4 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Japan: 21,706 million ton-kilometers for 2006 The fifth amount in the world ICAO: Annual Report of the Council, 2006 In million ton-kilometers I. Introduction - Civil Aviation Activities in Japan- I. Introduction - Civil Aviation Activities in Japan- Air Cargo Handling Volume Restricted

5 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan 1.JCAB Policy, law and regulation making Policy, law and regulation making Coordination among relevant agencies Coordination among relevant agencies Inspection Inspection 2.Airport Operators Access control Access control Airport contingency plan Airport contingency plan Airport Security Committee Airport Security Committee 3.Air Carriers Screening of passengers and their baggage Screening of passengers and their baggage Security Measures for air cargo Security Measures for air cargo Security measures for aircraft Security measures for aircraft 4.Regulated Agent Security Measures for air cargo Security Measures for air cargo 5.Police Patrol of Airport Terminal and Surrounding Areas Patrol of Airport Terminal and Surrounding Areas Response to Matters such as Bomb Threat or Hijacking Response to Matters such as Bomb Threat or Hijacking I. Introduction - Aviation Security System in Japan - I. Introduction - Aviation Security System in Japan - Restricted

6 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Government (CAB) Security measures for aircraft Security measures for air cargo Security measures for passenger and baggage Airport operators and airport terminal companies Governmental agencies (police, CIQ, etc.) Setting of security restricted areas in airports and ensuring access control Staff screening, etc. Screening of passengers, carry-on baggage and hold baggage Security controls of catering supplies and stores to be brought onto airplanes, etc. Security control of airports aircraft security check, etc. Air Carriers Instruction & Education Instruction & Education Regulated Agents Security control of air cargo handling facilities Security control of air cargo, etc. I. Introduction - Aviation Security System in Japan - I. Introduction - Aviation Security System in Japan - Education of screeners Education, training and certifications of screeners Restricted

7 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Bomb explosion at Narita Airport Bomb explosion at Narita Airport In June 1985, a container of transfer hold baggage exploded at Narita Airport, killing two ground workers. It was revealed that this container came from Vancouver and was to be taken on board aircraft operated by Air India. In June 1985, a container of transfer hold baggage exploded at Narita Airport, killing two ground workers. It was revealed that this container came from Vancouver and was to be taken on board aircraft operated by Air India. Concurrent aircraft explosion over the North Atlantic Concurrent aircraft explosion over the North Atlantic One hour after the incident in Japan, another aircraft operated by Air India from Montreal to London (AI 182) exploded in the air while flying over the North Atlantic, claiming 329 lives. One hour after the incident in Japan, another aircraft operated by Air India from Montreal to London (AI 182) exploded in the air while flying over the North Atlantic, claiming 329 lives. I. Introduction - Past Incident of Aircraft Explosion Plot Related to Japan - I. Introduction - Past Incident of Aircraft Explosion Plot Related to Japan - Source: The Asahi Press Restricted

8 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Basis of the Regulated Agent (RA) Regime ICAO Annex 17 and Security Manual Main purpose To facilitate smooth flow of air cargo while maintaining the security of air cargo. Enforcement October 1, 2005 (transition period up to March 31, 2006) April 1, 2006 (full implementation) Number of Regulated Agents (Approved freight forwarders and air transport agents) 158 Companies as of 1 March 2008 Restricted

9 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Basic concepts of RA regime in Japan - Compatibility between security of air cargo and facilitation of air cargo flow - Appropriate sorting out of secure air cargoes from other air cargoes As for secure air cargo (air cargo which has been identified as secure), smooth loading into aircraft is allowed. As for other air cargo (air cargo which has not yet been identified as secure), screening of those air cargoes is required to be carried out by regulated agents or air carriers before loading into aircraft. Restricted

10 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Known Shipper Regulated Agent Air Carrier Safety confirmation of air cargo before loading into aircraft Unknown Cargo Air Cargo Security Programme Safety declaration ensuring cargo safety Approval and instruction Screening for explosive (ETDS, etc.) Consistent protection from known shipper to loading into aircraft Instruction of security measure MLIT II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Outline Guidance and request for cooperation Application Safety confirmation

11 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan RA approval standards (Guidelines by the Civil Aviation Bureau) RA approval standards (Guidelines by the Civil Aviation Bureau) –Compliance with the NCASP and security standards for air cargo in their air cargo security programmes –Competence to execute the air cargo security program properly Air Cargo Security Programmes Air Cargo Security Programmes –Category of the threat level –Security measures for air cargo according to the threat level, including security control for air cargo handling facilities –Methods of confirming know shippers –Specific procedures for safety confirmation –Education and training in aviation security –Regular self-inspection concerning its security measures –Other items required II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Restricted

12 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Company A: Known shipper Known cargo Company X: RA or Air carrier Associated companies Subsidiary vendor Subsidiary (Vendor) Safetyconfirmation Other companies Safety declaration note and written consent to be screened for explosives Order By submitting the safety declaration note for secure air cargo, all cargoes shipped by A (on the AWB) and handled by X are treated as known cargoes. Know n cargo AWB: Shipper =Company A AWB: Shipper=Company A Effective scope of safety declaration II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Restricted

13 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Air Carriers Known Shipper Shippers identified by Air Carriers or RAs Regulated Agents (freight forwarders and air transportation agents) On board aircraft Safety confirmation by the package Process control complying with the standards Safety confirmation by the package Process control complying with the standards Refusal of acceptance Opening search Screening with an X-ray machine, etc., or 24 hour detention* Forwarders other than RA Unknown Shipper Shippers other than known shippers Refusal of acceptance Opening search Screening with an X-ray machine, etc. or 24 hour-detention* Flow of Air Cargo KS RA * 24-hour detention is allowed only when the air cargo is to be loaded onto aircraft dedicated for air cargo transport. II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 1. Regulated Agent Regime Restricted

14 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Screening for explosive of air cargo to be taken on board passenger aircraft is required, unless air cargo is handled by an RA and recognized as known cargo shipped from a known shipper. The RA shall confirm that the air cargo is shipped from known shippers, and then take preventive measures against unauthorized tampering of the air cargo. Opening search or screening by screening equipment (X-ray, AT, ETDS or EDS) * * 24-hour detention is allowed only when the air cargo is to be loaded onto aircraft dedicated for air cargo transport. Principle of security measures taken by an RA II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening Restricted

15 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Type of Screening equipment ETDS – Mainly used X-Ray Others Issues Cost of introduction Cost of maintenance Personnel – Training II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening -Screening Equipment - II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening -Screening Equipment - Restricted

16 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Target airport: airports managed by the national government (25 airports) Target party: Air carriers, RAs, and cargo terminal building companies Target items: Cost of purchase of explosive detection machines (X-ray detection equipment, explosive trace detection systems, etc.) Cost of security screeners for detecting explosives Cost of security guards at the cargo terminal building in the airport II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening - Financial support - II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 2. Screening - Financial support - * Proportion of the support: within a half of the total cost * In the case of other kinds of airports managed by the semi- governmental airport corporations (Narita, Kansai, and Chubu) or local governments, they also provide financial support in principle in a similar way to the national government. Restricted

17 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Requirements of submitting reports and receiving CABs inspection Requirements of submitting reports and receiving CABs inspection –Instruction for improvement of air cargo security programme, or cancellation of the approval by the CAB Training for security officer Training for security officer –National Civil Aviation Training program –Annual training program provided by CAB II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control Restricted

18 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Main Items of inspection Concrete contents of inspection 1.Security measures for air cargo 1.Do security measures currently implemented conform to those prescribed by the Civil Aviation Bureau for each threat level? Is access control of air cargo handling facilities, such as locking of doors of the facilities, appropriately conducted? Are security measures for air cargo, such as screening for explosives, appropriately taken? etc. 2.Confirmation of known shippers 3.Specific methods of safety confirmation 2.Are known shippers appropriately confirmed by an RA? etc. 3.Are cargoes from known shippers and unknown shippers appropriately separated? Is safety confirmation certainly conducted corresponding to each category? etc. 4.Education and training in aviation security 5.State of implementation of self- inspection 6.Others 4.Are education and training properly performed according to the programme developed by each Regulated forwarder? etc. 5.Is internal inspection conducted at least once a year? etc. 6.Is emergency contact network appropriately prepared, informed of, and displayed? Are documents to be saved appropriately saved? etc. Inspection of RAs conducted by Civil Aviation Bureau Advance preparation Advance hearing on the basis of answers to inquiry form Recording by inspection report writing Follow-up on the indicated points Subsequent work II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control - Inspection - II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control - Inspection - Restricted

19 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan Inspection of Airport (Cargo security) conducted by CAB Advance preparation Advance hearing on the basis of answers to inquiry form Recording by inspection report writing Follow-up on the indicated points Subsequent work II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control - Inspection - II. Air Cargo Security in Japan 3. Quality Control - Inspection - Restricted Main Items of inspection Concrete contents of inspection 1.The procedure of receiving cargo 1. Are IDs of drivers checked when receiving cargo? How do they distinguish between known cargo and unknown cargo? Are relevant documents such as confirmation note are kept appropriately? Is known cargo physically separated from unknown one? Do they take any measure to prevent the counterfeit of known cargo? etc. 2.Screening 3.Access control 2.Do they appropriately use and maintain ETDS or X-ray machine? Describe the training system and record. etc. 3. Confirm the condition of a perimeter fence around the cargo area. How do they operate gates at cargo area and the shutter of the cargo facilities? How do they control the lock of the doors to restricted area? How do they issue and control permits (personnel, vehicle)? How do they deploy guards at cargo area? etc.

20 Civil Aviation Bureau, MLIT, Japan International Air Transport Network is expanding globally and International cooperation on Aviation Security is vital for further development of aviation. Thank you for your attention.


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