Presentation on theme: "Environmentally sound management of ship recycling- simple or complex? Roy Watkinson Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs UK Promoting Sustainable."— Presentation transcript:
Environmentally sound management of ship recycling- simple or complex? Roy Watkinson Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs UK Promoting Sustainable Ship Recycling through the Global Programme th January 2008 Dhaka, Bangladesh
Contents of presentation Background, international context, key issues Environmentally Sound Management defining ESM objectives ESM in practice regulating facilities waste treatment and disposal Summary References
International agenda Main agents since late 1990s UN IMO ILO Basel Convention NGOs Guidelines developed
International Context Basel Convention - Decisions Seventh Conference of the Parties 2004: VII/26 Reminds Parties of Basel obligations Prior Informed Consent Environmentally Sound Management Minimisation of transboundary movements of hazardous waste Invites IMO to consider establishment in mandatory requirements equivalent level of control as under the BC and including a reporting system, that ensures environmentally sound management Eighth Conference of the Parties 2006: VIII/11 Additionally IMO to incorporate clear responsibilities of all stakeholders including ship recycling facilities and States Parties to assess level of control and enforcement of draft ship recycling convention and Basel Convention explore effective short and medium term measures
Environmentally Sound Management of Ship Recycling
Basel Convention definition Environmentally Sound Management Article 2(8) of the Basel Convention: taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes or other wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against adverse effects which may result from such wastes.
Objectives for Waste Management Control to: protect the environment and human health from the potential adverse consequences of waste management activities demonstrate compliance with applicable environmental laws prevent long term problems from arising provide reassurance to the public and others that waste is being managed properly ensure sustainable management of wastes
A practical definition of environmentally sound management ESM can be described as being: The combination of regulatory provisions, practical standards and management controls brought to bear on processes that ensures the protection of human health and the environment from the potential impacts of waste management activities Environmentally Sound Management of Ship Recycling Principles and Practice, R Watkinson, International Conference on Dismantling Obsolete Vessels, University of Glasgow (2006)
Key features of ESM 1 - practical standards 2 - management control 3 - regulatory compliance
ESM in practice - 1- Practical Standards Are there published: national (or local) environmental criteria that identify the expected level of environmental protection? environmental standards, using such criteria or e.g. recognised international standards)? industry standards? technical standards for operation of facilities including practical manuals? environmental assessment techniques or procedures for identifying the potential impact of facilities?
ESM in practice 2- Management Control What of these are being used: documented site operational procedures? quality management systems – for auditing by a third party, such as an accredited independent auditor? staff who are trained and technically competent? provisions such as emergency plans or shut down procedures, for dealing with incidents and problems? monitoring of the operation of individual facilities by the operator to check for compliance with the permit? monitoring of the environment within and outside the facility, records of which are kept for inspection?
ESM in practice 3- Regulatory Compliance is the Basel Convention implemented into national law? what laws provide for regulation of waste activities i) at domestic level and ii) for imports and exports of waste? is there an environmental regulator responsible for ensuring compliance with the legislative regime? are site-specific permits issued with detailed conditions for site operation on: prevention of pollution by limits of emissions to air, water and land? what are there penalties for failure to comply, are they enforceable through the courts? are there records of documented inspections and data on monitoring of the facility by a competent authority?
Types of Operation may be carried out both on the ship recycling site and elsewhere in accordance with the principles of Environmentally Sound Management, operations include: storage treatment incineration landfilling
Features of treatment and disposal facilities They would: posses a permit comply with conditions of the permit be monitored, with inspections recorded And: where processes change the characteristics of the waste, the new waste is described so that others know how it is to be managed, where treated waste is sent to landfill the process has to produce waste that is acceptable for landfilling.
Summary Successful ESM of ship recycling has: facilities that operate to ESM standards; technology that is appropriate for the waste; good quality data and management systems; effective communication between industry and regulator; sharing of best practice information; appropriate guidance from Government and regulator.
References The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and their Disposal 1989 Technical Guideline on the Environmentally Sound recycling/reclamation of metals and metal compounds (2004) Technical Guideline on Incineration on Land (1995) Technical Guideline on Specially Engineered Landfill (1995) Environmentally Sound Management of Ship Recycling Principles and Practice (2006)