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HUMAN EVOLUTION Courtesy
Survey – Beliefs in Human Evolution
PosturePongidHominid Bent over or quadrapedal; Knuckle walking common Upright or bipedal
Leg and Arm PongidHominid Arms longer than legs, adapted for swinging by arm usually among trees Legs usually longer than arms; adapted for striding
FeetPongidHominid Low arches; opposable big toes capable of grasping High arches; big toes in line with others; adapted for walking
TeethPongidHominid Prominent; large gaps between canines and nearby teeth Reduced; reduced or absent gaps
SkullPongidHominid Bent forward from spinal column; very rugged; prominent brow ridges Upright on spinal column; smooth brow ridges
FacePongidHominid Jaws jut out; very heavy; very wide nasal opening; sloping Vertical profile; More distinct chin; Prominent nasal spine
Brain Size PongidHominid cm 3 (current) cm 3 (fossil to present)
Proposed Hominid Evolution
Comparison of Hominid Brain Size
This genetic distance map made in 2002 is an estimate of 18 world human groups by a neighbor-joining method based on 23 kinds of genetic information.
Out of Africa
Modeling hominid relationships. Engage Did humans evolve from modern apes, or do modern apes and humans have a common ancestor? Explain your understanding.
Modern Humans and Modern Apes Compared. EYES Modern Human Located in front of skull. Excellent binocular vision Excellent colour vision Reduced sense.
THE PRIMATES Year 13 Biology Achievement standard 3.7.
Human Evolution. Describe the major anatomical features that define humans as primates Primata = an order of mammals, including apes, monkeys, tarsiers.
Analysis of Primates Comparisons of Human, Ape, and Australopithecine.
Evidence (Don’t need to write each) Anatomical differences and similarities between African apes and humans Fossil evidence Genetic evidence Cultural.
Hominid Evolution. Physical features that define humans as primates: grasping limbs with opposable thumb strong mobile arms/shoulders stereoscopic vision.
Bipedalism. Bipedalism - on two feet. The single most distinctive feature of Hominids Hominid bipedalism is habitual and required.
Probably first appeared about 200,000 years ago. Paleoanthropologists study human evolution. There is sparse evidence relating to the evolution.
Chapter 21: The Evolution of Primates Features Unique to Man Bipedal – Curvature of spine, weight distribution – Pelvis – upright walking – Foramen magnum.
Unique characteristics of the Human Species. Adaptations for Erect Stance: Position of Foramen Magnum (base of skull not back) Double curvature of spine.
Primates BIO 2215 Oklahoma City Community College Dennis Anderson.
Primates Primates are an order of mammals which includes lemurs, monkeys, apes, and humans Where do we separate?
Kingdom Animal Phylum Chordate Class Mammal Order Primates Family Hominids Genus Homo Species Sapiens.
2 Divisions of Primates 1. Anthropoid primates 2. Prosimean primates Characteristics: Nails (no claws) Prehensile hands and feet (grasping)
Comparative Primate Anatomy The Hardware of Human Culture.
Human Evolution. Classification Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species K- Animal P – Chordata C – Mammalian O – Primates.
Key Trends in Hominid evolution. Bipedalism is walking on two legs. First observed in Australopithecines Adaptations of the human body for bipedal locomotion.
The Evolution of Humans. The Beginning Human evolution began approximately 60 million years ago with the earliest primates Ancestral Primate Mammals with.
Chapter 43 Mammals Section 4 Primates & Human Origins.
HUMAN EVOLUTION Where we fit Primate family tree Hominoids Primate features Ape features Ape vs. Human - skeletal Ape vs. Human – skull Ape vs. Human –
Human Evolution Biology Mr. Young. Paleoanthropologist Scientist that studies human evolution from fossils.
Evolution of Primates Chapter 6, Section 3. Primates Group of mammals including humans, monkeys, and apes.
Paleoanthropology -The study of human origins and evolution -Paleoanthropologists use two terms that are easily confused: Hominoid: refers to the group.
Hominins Living and fossil species belonging to the human lineage Fossils Links Waikato Uni Hunterian.
Human Evolution Part I - Primates. “To understand the story of evolution, we must understand both our ancestors and our relationships to our closest living.
Human Evolution GO BACK. WE MESSED UP EVERYTHING!.
4 million to 1 million BCE Southern and Eastern Africa.
Comparing Humans & Apes. Why Bipedalism? Chimpanzees & bipedalism Chimpanzees use a variety of postures. Their main mode of slow locomotion on the ground.
A. Primates 1. Humans, monkeys, and apes belong to the group of mammals known as the primates. 2. All primates have opposable thumbs, binocular vision,
Trend in Hominid Evolution. Crucial changes Bipedalism – most crucial change Expansion of the brain Modification of the female pelvis Reduction.
Lab 2: Hominid Anatomy Key features to know Modified from
IB Biology Review Human Evolution. Taxonomy of Humans Kingdom:Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Mammalia Order:Primate Family:Hominidae Genus:Homo Species:Sapiens.
Primate Adaptation and Evolution Taxonomic order of mammals that includes prosimians (lemurs), monkeys, apes, and humans. Estimated species. Primates.
Human Evolution. Adaptations Adaptation: Any variation that makes an organism better suited to its environment.
Chapter 32 Section 3: Human evolution. Classification of Modern Humans: Domain - Eukarya Kingdom – Animalia Phylum – Chordata Subphylum – Vertebrata Class.
Australopithecus : Time & Period: 3.2 mya (million years ago) Location: Hadar, Ethiopia, South Africa Fossil Evidence: 40% of skeleton; skull, jaw, ribs,
12.6 Primate Evolution How did modern humans evolve?
Human Evolution Chapter 32. Human Evolution 2Outline Evolution of Primates Mobile Limbs Binocular Vision Evolution of Early Hominids Evolution of.
Human Evolution Ch 17.6 “wolf book”. The narratives of human evolution are oft- told and highly controversial. There are major disagreements in the field.
Evolution: What’s all the fuss about? Terms and Ideas you need to know.
Human Evolution. Evolution of Homer I.Background Info A. A. Primates Evolved ~65 million years ago Current members include lemurs, lorises,
EVOLUTION OF HUMANS Disclaimer: This is not the final answer to the question of how human evolution occurred; this is a short collection of information.
Mader: Biology 8 th Ed. Human Evolution Chapter 32.
HOMINID EVOLUTION Phylogenetic tree to show the place of the family Hominidae in the animal kingdom.
Hominid Evolution. Hominids family of organism that includes humans Earliest subgroup of primates –FAMILY is a classification level between ORDER and.
HUMAN EVOLUTION (knicked from Hamish) Slide 2Where we fitWhere we fit Slide 3 Primate family treePrimate family tree Slide 4 HominoidsHominoids Slide 5Primate.
C HAPTER 6 Section 3. P RIMATES What type of species belong to group Primates? Humans, monkeys, and apes All are mammals What characteristics do all Primates.
Human Evolution lab Introduction to Paleoanthropology.
Human Evolution Biology Notes Primates Ancient mammal ancestors of prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans –Grasping hands and feet –Forward eye.
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