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Speech Sound Cues Resources and materials for teaching speech sounds in your classroom!

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Presentation on theme: "Speech Sound Cues Resources and materials for teaching speech sounds in your classroom!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Speech Sound Cues Resources and materials for teaching speech sounds in your classroom!

2 General Information O Every speech sound can be described in terms of three features: O Voice (on/off – motor on/off) O Placement (tongue, teeth, lips) O Manner (the way the sound is made – continuous, stop or combo) O Most sounds have a voiced (motor on) and a voiceless (motor off) partner (k/g, s/z, t/d) O When we work with students with speech sound disorders it is important to talk about sounds, rather than letters. O When we teach speech sounds it is important to work through the hierarchy of difficulty: O Isolation syllable single syllable words multi syllable words short phrases sentences reading conversation

3 General Tips Think about how you make individual speech sounds. Consider what you do with your teeth, lips, tongue, voice and airflow. Consider how you would describe this so a child would understand. In your descriptions explain features of how the sound looks (use a mirror), feels, and sounds. Talk about the sound made not the name of the letter.

4 Sound Development Sound Fully developed by age: m, n, h, w, p3 b, k, d, f, g, t4 y, ng5 l, j, sh, ch, v6 r, s, z7 th8

5 Sound Pairs Voiced SoundVoiceless Sound PB TD KG SZ VF Th (this)Th (bathe) L-- R J M N H W Y SH --CH

6 Fun Names for Speech Sounds

7 HINTS FOR THE M SOUND O Press your lips together. O Direct air through your nose. You can feel a slight vibration by placing your finger on the side of your nose. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O M is a long continuous sound. O Associate the m sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the humming sound.

8 HINTS FOR THE N SOUND O Your tongue should be up on the ridge behind your top teeth as for the t and d sounds. O Direct air through your nose. You can feel a slight vibration by placing your finger on the side of your nose. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O N is a long continuous sound. O Associate the n sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the nose sound.

9 HINTS FOR THE H SOUND O Keep your mouth open and push some air out. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O H is a long continuous sound. O Associate the h sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the laughing sound.

10 HINTS FOR THE W SOUND O Round your lips. You can try shaping your lips around a straw or your finger. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O W is a long continuous sound. O Associate the w sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the blowing sound.

11 HINTS FOR THE P SOUND O Press your lips together and them push them apart with a puff of air. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O P is a short explosive sound. O Associate the p sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the popping sound.

12 HINTS FOR THE B SOUND O Press your lips together and them push them apart with a puff of air. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a sligh vibration. O B is a short explosive sound. O Associate the b sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the bouncing ball sound.

13 HINTS FOR THE K SOUND O Put the back of your tongue up at the back of your mouth. Keep your mouth open. You may need to hold down the front of your tongue to help achieve this sound initially. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O K is a short explosive sound. O Associate the k sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the coughing sound.

14 HINTS FOR THE D SOUND O Tap your tongue tip on the ridge behind your top teeth. Sometimes touching the ridge with your finger helps your tongue find this place. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O D is a short explosive sound. O Associate the d sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the drum sound.

15 HINTS FOR THE F SOUND O Rest your top teeth on the bottom lip. Make sure the contact is gentle so air can pass through. O Blow air over your lips / through your teeth. You can feel this airflow with your hand. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O F is a long continuous sound O Associate the f sound with an object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the windy sound.

16 HINTS FOR THE G SOUND O Put the back of your tongue up at the back of your mouth. Keep your mouth open. You may need to hold down the front of your tongue to help achieve this sound initially. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O G is a short explosive sound. O Associate the g sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the gurgling sound.

17 HINTS FOR THE T SOUND O Tap your tongue tip on the ridge behind your top teeth. Sometimes touching the ridge with your finger helps your tongue find this place. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O T is a short explosive sound. O Associate the t sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the tick-tock sound.

18 HINTS FOR THE L SOUND O Make this sound with the tongue up behind your top teeth with your mouth open. You can also place your tongue between your teeth, which may be easier for beginners. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O L is a long continuous sound. O Associate the L sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the singing la-la-la sound.

19 HINTS FOR THE J SOUND O Make this sound with the tongue up behind your top teeth. Close teeth together so your tongue is hidden. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O J is a short explosive sound. O Another method is to say d and zh close together. Say id... zhoo faster and faster until the sound in the middle becomes j. O Associate the j sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the jumping sound.

20 HINTS FOR THE SH SOUND O Make this sound with the tongue pushed against the roof of your mouth with a tunnel down the middle of your tongue. Close teeth together so your tongue is hidden. Round and push your lips forward. Teeth should be closed all the way around – especially the back teeth. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O Sh is a long continuous sound. O Another method is to say s and pull your tongue back slightly until you say sh. O Associate the sh sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the quiet sound.

21 HINTS FOR THE CH SOUND O Make this sound with the tongue up behind your top teeth. Close teeth together so your tongue is hidden. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O Ch is a short explosive sound. O Another method is to say t and sh close together. Say it... shoo faster and faster until the sound in the middle becomes ch. O Associate the ch sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the choo-choo sound.

22 HINTS FOR THE V SOUND O Rest top teeth on the bottom lip. Make sure the contact is gentle so air can pass through. O Blow air over your lips / through your teeth. You can feel this airflow with your hand. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O V is a long continuous sound O Associate the V sound with an object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the vacuum sound.

23 HINTS FOR THE R SOUND O The position of the tongue for this sound can vary. With your tongue near the roof of your mouth, try curling your tongue tip back. Starting with your lips in a smile positions is also helpful. O Try not to round your lips. Sometimes initially it is easier to achieve this sound by pulling your bottom lip over your bottom teeth. This stops lip rounding and moves your tongue back slightly. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O R is a long continuous sound. O Another method is to say the L sound, then pull your tongue back along the roof of your mouth to say r. O Associate the r sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the bear- rrrrr sound.

24 HINTS FOR THE S SOUND O Most people make this sound with the tongue tip behind the upper teeth, but not touching the teeth. Close teeth together so your tongue is hidden. O Blow air out the front of your mouth. If air escapes from the sides of your mouth (may sound slushy) try to push the sides of your tongue against your back teeth. O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O S is a long continuous sound. O Another method is to say a t sound quickly and repetitively until it becomes an s e.g., ttttttttttt-sss O Associate the s sound with an object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the snake sound.

25 HINTS FOR THE Z SOUND O Most people make this sound with the tongue tip behind the upper teeth but without the tongue touching the teeth. Close teeth together so your tongue is hidden. O Blow air out the front of your mouth. If air escapes from the sides of your mouth (may sound slushy) try to push the sides of your tongue against your back teeth. O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O Z is a long continuous sound. O Another method is to say a d sound quickly and repetitively until it becomes an z e.g., dddddddd-zzz O Associate the z sound with an object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the buzzing bee sound.

26 HINTS FOR THE TH (VOICELESS) SOUND O Push your tongue out between your teeth Make sure only the tip of your tongue is visible. O Blow air out over the top of your tongue O Make sure your voice is turned off. When you touch your throat there will be no vibration. O Th is a long continuous sound. O Associate the th sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the tongue sandwich sound.

27 HINTS FOR THE TH (VOICED) SOUND O Push your tongue out between your teeth Make sure only the tip of your tongue is visible. O Blow air out over the top of your tongue O Make sure your voice is turned on. When you touch your throat there will be a vibration. O Th is a long continuous sound. O Associate the th sound with an action, object or animal that has some features of the sound e.g., the motor sound.


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