Presentation on theme: "Consonants The stops and continuants"— Presentation transcript:
1Consonants The stops and continuants Chapter five
2Voiced and voiceless consonants You have vibration at your throat while producing voiced consonants.Voiceless: /p/, /t/, /k/,/f/, /s/, /θ/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, /h/Voiced: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /ð/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/
31- The stop consonants /p/, /b/ Stop the airflow by holding your lips together. Then part the lips quickly to release the airflow with sudden pressure./t/,/d/Place your tongue tip on the alveolar ridge to stop the airflow. Then lower the tip sharply to release the airflow/k/,/g/Raise the back of your tongue against the palate to stop the airflow. Drop the tongue quickly to release the airflow with sudden pressure.
4Aspiration with the stops At the beginning of words, stop consonants are released with a slight burst of air. The sound of air produced is called aspiration.ten-den pin- bin come-gumAt the end of words stop consonants are not aspirated. They are released softlyAt add cap cab back bagPage 5.6
5Middle stop consonant is aspirated when it begins a stressed syllable Appear-upper occur-acreUpon-open become-backupPractice pages
6Linking: consonants with consonants In English speech, identical consonants between words are produced as one.Good day what time? Take careTo link different stop consonants hold the airflow on the first one and release it on the second.Big time lap top neck tiePage: 5.11
7The suffix –edThe suffix –ed is pronounced /t/ after voiceless consonants and /d/ after voiced consonants.Backed bagged roped robedPage 5.11Page 5.17 (very important)
82- Continuant consonants /θ/, /ð/The tongue is flattened. Raise the sides against the upper side teeth. Place the tongue tip below the upper front teeth. The airflow must be continuous./θ/ thank, thick, bath/ð/ this, that, thosePages:
9Sound clustersWhen /θ/ follows /n/, place the tongue tip for /n/ in the same place as /θ/. With the tongue tip between the upper and the lower teeth.7th, 9th, 10th, 11th.
102- Continuant consonants /f/,/v/Place the bottom lip under the front upper teeth, allowing a passage for a continuous airflow.Face- vase leaf-leave safe-save
11Suffix –s-s is voiceless after /f/, and it is voiced after /v/Proofs- proves safes- saves waifs-wavesPage: 5.27