Presentation on theme: "T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site Session 1 Roman Archaeology & History An Introduction"— Presentation transcript:
T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site Session 1 Roman Archaeology & History An Introduction
Forum Student 1: Ritual Markers in the Forum and Palatine. Student 2: The Roman Basilicas. Colosseum Student 3: The Roman Monarchy & Republic. Student 4: Entertainment and Sports in Rome. Capitoline Museums Student 5: The evolution from Etruscan/Latin art to Greco-Roman art. Student 6: Roman religion & the Capitoline Triad.
Celio Student 7: The Imperial Palace: General features. Student 8: Urban living in Rome: The Insula. Terme di Diocleziano Student 9: The Patricians, the plebs and their power. Student 10: Roman religious rituals. Palazzo Massimo Student 11: Incidents in the Roman Republic towards the empire. Student 12: Mural painting in Rome (includes Pompei).
Campus Martius I Student 13: Mystery religions: The Cult of Mithras and other Asian cults. Student 14: Temples and priests in Rome. Campus Martius II Student 15: The Theaters of Rome. Student 16: The Jewish and Christian faiths in Rome. Palazzo Valentini Student 19: Commerce in the city of Rome. Student 20: The Start of the empire: Transition from Julius Caesar to Augustus
Imperial Fora Student 21: The evolution of the Forum…from Roman to Imperial Student 22: Rome after Trajan and beyond, urban planning. Terme di Caracalla Student 23: Water management in Rome. Student 24: The Baths and Waterworks in Rome. The Arches Student 25: Constantines politics & the fate of Rome. Student 26: Evolution from Roman to Christian Architecture and Art.
Early Christian Churches Student 25: Santa Maria Maggiore and the Christian basilica. Student 26: The evolution of Rome as seen in San Clemente
Recommended extra-curricular visits Centrale Montemartini (with museum ticket) Palazzo Altemps (with museum ticket) Via Appia and Villa dei Quintili (with Caracalla ticket) Sala Octogona – Terme di Diocleziano (free) Tivoli: Palace of Hadrian Prenestina Ostia Antica
The Roman World I: Expansion in Italy, B.C. Source: From Coffin & Stacey. Western Civilizations. Vol ; p.172.
The Roman World II: The Expansion of Rome B.C. Source: From Coffin & Stacey. Western Civilizations. Vol ; p.177..
The RW III: The Empire at its greatest extent, A.D. Source: From Coffin & Stacey. Western Civilizations. Vol ; p.187..
The RW IV: Diocletians Division of the Empire, A.D. Source: From Coffin & Stacey. Western Civilizations. Vol ; p.187..
Rome and its vertical scale: stratigraphy Up to 45ft
The numbers in (perhaps) the greatest city in antiquity The regional catalogues indicate a number of insulae & 1797 domus. A population of 1.2 million by A.D & a size of 2000 ha 46 lupanar, 28 libraries, 42 arches, 9 bridges, 37 gates, 19 aqueducts, 1352 fountains, 2 amphitheaters, 5 circuses, 2 naumachia, 3 theaters, 1 odeon, 1 stadium, 204 ovens-bakeries, 2300 oil depots, 44 latrines, 355 storage areas or horreas, 22 caserns
Lines of evidence to understand Roman society The map
The archaeology of Rome: Five centuries of discoveries
Roman archaeology and archaeological process > Mound formation: > natural deposition, dust & organic matter > abandonment... Varying size of the city, II century vs. X century … Loss of political, administrative and artistic importance … Constantine and the new directions of the empire … Barbarians and Western empire
A block of Rome evolving through time: Imperial age
The Late Antiquity Period: VI century
The Middle Ages: X century
The Middle Ages: XIV century
Roman archaeology and sources of evidence > Dating Roman structures: coins > Documents, literature & daily life accounts: Cicero, Julius Caesar, Pliny, Horace, Virgil, Seneca, Sallust, Suetonius > Forma urbis > Archaeology : sculptures, art and beyond > Epigraphy on buildings and monuments
> Foundation of the city and 753 BC establishment of the monarchy > Roman Republic establishedca 500 > Establishment of the Latin Right493 > Law of the 12 tables 450 > Equestrian order establishedca 300 > Concilium Plebis gains power287 > Empire established 27 > Golden Age of Rome AD > Diocletian partitions the empire 285 AD > Constantine and the decline320 AD > Fall of the Western Empire476 AD Chronology: General Political Evolution
> Against its neighbors, initial expansion, monarchy > 1 st Samnite war > The Latin War, > 2 nd & 3 rd Samnite wars > The Punic Wars: Carthage 1 st / 2 nd / 3 rd Delenda est Cartago as the Cato the Great repeated constantly…Carthage must be destroyed Chronology: Wars and Expansion
Chronology: Social issues of the Republic > Slaves revolt In Sicily > Gracchian reforms > Rule of Marius , 86 > Marsian War, revolts, rights91-87 > Sulla dictator, aristocracy82 > Spartacus leads slave revolt73-71 > 1 st Triumvirate, JC P C60 > Pompey becomes sole consul52 > Caesar becomes sole consul48 > Caesar becomes sole dictator46 > J.C., Dictator, assassinated44 > 2 nd Triumvirate, O MA L > Octavian becomes sole consul27
On site classes and handouts > Museums > Archaeological sites (in the city, in parks, in museums, or under churches) Handouts Evidence in the field will be handled in four steps, 4 Keywords: Historical context – Evaluation Appraisal - Comparison
Compare in a broader scale Evaluate idea & object Appraise & register Historical context
3 themes: History: event, place in the timeline Art: movable-portable artifacts or objects Architecture: buildings and evidence for the Classical city of Rome We will conclude by locating the evidence the saw in class in the Timeline
Rome on the Web dlib.etc.ucla.edu/projects/Forum/timemap formaurbis.stanford.edu