2 1. Greece and Rome differed from earlier civilizations of the ancient world because Greek and Roman citizensa. believed in one rather than many godsb. created large empires containing many national groupsc. had a voice in their governmentd. prohibited slaveryGreece and Rome differed from the earlier civilizations of the ancient world because Greek and Roman citizens had a voice in their government.
3 2. Which modern European country occupies the homeland of the ancient Romans? a. Germanyb. Italyc. Franced. EnglandItaly is the European country that occupies the homeland of the Romans. The Roman Empire included all of France and part of England and Germany.
4 3. Which body of water connected Rome with North Africa and Asia? a. Atlantic Oceanb. Persian Gulfc. Mediterranean Sead. Black SeaThe Mediterranean Sea connected Rome with North Africa and Asia. This body of water was the great highway of commerce between the cultures of Rome, Greece, Egypt, North Africa, Syria, Phoenicia, Palestine and Asia Minor.
5 4. The Twelve Tables were important in Rome because they a. laid the basis for the Roman Republicb. freed all the slaves in Romec. gave Rome its first written code of lawsd. gave the emperor the status of a godThe Twelve Tables (about 450 B.C.) gave Rome its first written code of laws. These laws limited the power of the patrician judges who often interpreted the unwritten laws in a way that was unfair to the plebeians.
6 5. What was the basic cause of the Punic Wars? a. Rome's acceptance of Christianityb. Carthage's invasion of Italyc. Rome's rivalry with Carthage for control of the westernMediterraneand. Carthage's support for the plebeians against the patriciansThe basic cause of the Punic Wars ( B.C.) was Rome's rivalry with Carthage for control of the western Mediterranean.
7 6. As a result of the Punic Wars, Rome a. lost its overseas empireb. lost control over most of Italyc. was burned to the groundd. won control over the western MediterraneanAs a result of the Punic Wars, Rome won control over the western Mediterranean. Carthage was completely destroyed (146 B.C.) and its surviving population was sold into slavery.
8 7. The term "Pax Romana" refers to the period of a. peace and prosperity during the first two centuries of theRoman Empireb. civil wars between Roman generals which destroyed the Republicc. democratic government following the abolition of the Senated. slave revolts which weakened the RepublicThe term "Pax Romana" is the name given to the period of peace and prosperity that occurred during the first two centuries of the Roman Empire.
9 8. Which major religion was born during a time when the Roman Empire was near its height? a. Judaismb. Hinduismc. Islamd. ChristianityChristianity was born during the 1st century A.D. at a time when the Roman Empire was reaching its height under Augustus Caesar. Judaism can trace its origins back to a period earlier than 1000 B.C., as can Hinduism.
10 9. Why was the Roman Empire divided in half during the 3rd century A.D.? a. invaders had conquered the western halfb. so that land could be given to retired Roman soldiersc. to make it easier to administerd. to prevent a civil war between rival emperorsThe Roman Empire was divided by the Emperor Diocletian about 285 A.D. to make it easier to administer. Diocletian took control of the wealthier eastern half and appointed a co-emperor to rule over the western half.
11 10. Which group was responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire in the west? a. Byzantinesb. Germanic tribesc. Hunsd. PersiansThe Germanic tribes living north of the Danube River in Europe were responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire in the west.