Presentation on theme: "The Roman World CHAPTER 7 Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic"— Presentation transcript:
1The Roman World CHAPTER 7 Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic 3/25/2017CHAPTER 7The Roman WorldSection 1: Founding the Roman RepublicSection 2: Rome Expands Its BordersSection 3: The Birth of the Roman EmpireSection 4: Roman Society and CultureSection 5: The Rise of ChristianitySection 6: The Fall of the Western Empire
2Founding the Roman Republic CHAPTER 73/25/2017Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicObjectives:Identify the role geography played in Italy’s and Rome’s development.Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic.Explain the Conflict of the Orders and how it changed the early Roman Republic.Compare and contrast the roles of citizens and noncitizens as Rome expanded its power.
3The Land: Its Geography and Importance Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicThe Land: Its Geography and ImportanceProtected by mountains, but separated from rest of EuropeHelped to control MediterraneanOverland travel was easy, but vulnerable to enemy attacks
4Rome and the Beginning of an Empire Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicRome and the Beginning of an EmpireThe founding of RomeA strategic location – protected from invasion by sea, center of trade routes
5The Early Roman Republic Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicThe Early Roman RepublicSenate – most influential and powerful body of the governmentMagistrates – elected officialsAssemblies – oversaw defense and acted as courts
6The Conflict of the Orders Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicThe Conflict of the OrdersPatricians – wealthy landownersPlebeians – farmers and workers
7Founding the Roman Republic Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicThe Republic GrowsThe role of the Roman army – well-trained, strict discipline
8The role of wise policies Section 1:Founding the Roman RepublicThe role of wise policiesConquered peoples were granted limited rights
9Rome Expands Its Borders Section 2:Rome Expands Its BordersObjectives:Discuss the Punic Wars and how Rome gained control over Carthage.Explain how expansion changed the Roman Republic.
10Rome Expands Its Borders Section 2:Rome Expands Its BordersRome Fights CarthageThe First Punic War – lasted 23 years; Carthage was forced to give up SicilyThe Second Punic War – Hannibal was defeated by ScipioThe Third Punic War – Rome again defeated Carthage and became supreme power in Mediterranean
11The Problems of Expansion Section 2:Rome Expands Its BordersThe Problems of ExpansionNobles gained more powerWider gap between rich and poor
12The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 3:The Birth of the Roman EmpireObjectives:Identify the political events in Rome during the first century B.C. that helped weaken the Roman Republic.Explain how the reign of Julius Caesar served as a transition between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.Describe the events and conditions that marked the first two centuries of the Roman Empire.
13The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 3:The Birth of the Roman EmpireA Weakening RepublicThe Social War – allies rebelled against Romans, were finally granted citizenship
14The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 3:The Birth of the Roman EmpireCaesar in PowerThe First Triumvirate – Caesar, Crassus, and PompeyThe rule of Caesar – Caesar declared war on the republic and defeated Pompey, but was killed in the Senate
15The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 3:The Birth of the Roman EmpireThe Roman EmpireThe Second Triumvirate – Octavian, Antony, and LepidusOctavian: the first Augustus – “the revered one”The Pax Romana emperors – Julio-Claudian Emperors, Army Emperors, Flavian Emperors, The Five Good Emperors
16Roman Society and Culture Section 4:Roman Society and CultureObjectives:Explain how the Romans built a strong and unified empire.Describe the daily lives and occupations of Roman citizens.Explain the role of science and the arts in the Roman Empire.
17Building a Strong Empire Section 4:Roman Society and CultureBuilding a Strong EmpireGovernment and laws – revised lawsTrade and transportationThe Roman Army
18Roman Society and Culture Section 4:Roman Society and CultureLife in the EmpireDaily life – running water and exotic food for rich, crowded apartments and simple meals for most RomansSlaves and slaveryThe roles of men, women, and children – father held power, mother managed household, education at homeReligion – state religionFun and games – theater, sports
19Roman Society and Culture Section 4:Roman Society and CultureScience and the ArtsScience, engineering, and architectureLiterature – Virgil, Horace, Ovid, Tacitus, PlutarchLanguage – Latin is the parent of modern Romance languages
20The Rise of Christianity Section 5:The Rise of ChristianityObjectives:Describe how the conditions Jews faced in Judaea contributed to the rise of Christianity.Identify the difficulties early Christians experienced in the Roman Empire.Explain the changes that helped establish Christianity and stabilize the church during the late Roman Empire.
21The Beginning of Christianity Section 5:The Rise of ChristianityThe Beginning of ChristianityJews and the Roman Empire – Jews revolted and were banned from JerusalemThe teachings of Jesus – grounded in Jewish traditionsThe death of Jesus – resurrection
22The Spread of Christianity Section 5:The Rise of ChristianityThe Spread of ChristianityChristianity was for everyoneMartyrs were put to death for beliefs in ChristianityRoman law accepted Christianity as a religion
23The Romans Adopt Christianity Section 5:The Rise of ChristianityThe Romans Adopt ChristianityConstantine supported ChristianityBishops, patriarchs, pope
24The Fall of the Western Empire Section 6:The Fall of the Western EmpireObjectives:Identify the problems the Roman Empire had to deal with during the A.D. 200s.Explain how the reigns of Diocletian and Constantine slowed the decline of the empire.List the factors that led to the final decline of the Roman Empire in the West.
25The Fall of the Western Empire Section 6:The Fall of the Western EmpireTroubled Times AriseRising inflationIncreasing insecurity
26Two Able Emperors Attempt Reform Section 6:The Fall of the Western EmpireTwo Able Emperors Attempt ReformDiocletian – appointed a co-emperor and two caesars (assistants)Constantine – supported Christianity
27The Fall of the Western Empire Section 6:The Fall of the Western EmpireThe Final InvasionsThe Goths and the VandalsThe HunsResults of the invasions – people were displaced, instability and destruction abounded
28The Fall of the Western Empire Section 6:The Fall of the Western EmpireCauses of the declinePolitical and military weaknessesEconomic declineSocial change