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HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Roman World Section 1:Founding the Roman Republic Section 2:Rome Expands.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Roman World Section 1:Founding the Roman Republic Section 2:Rome Expands."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Roman World Section 1:Founding the Roman Republic Section 2:Rome Expands Its Borders Section 3:The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 4:Roman Society and Culture Section 5:The Rise of Christianity Section 6:The Fall of the Western Empire CHAPTER 7

2 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives: Identify the role geography played in Italys and Romes development. Identify the role geography played in Italys and Romes development. Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic. Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic. Explain the Conflict of the Orders and how it changed the early Roman Republic. Explain the Conflict of the Orders and how it changed the early Roman Republic. Compare and contrast the roles of citizens and noncitizens as Rome expanded its power. Compare and contrast the roles of citizens and noncitizens as Rome expanded its power. Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

3 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 The Land: Its Geography and Importance Protected by mountains, but separated from rest of Europe Protected by mountains, but separated from rest of Europe Helped to control Mediterranean Helped to control Mediterranean Overland travel was easy, but vulnerable to enemy attacks Overland travel was easy, but vulnerable to enemy attacks Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

4 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Rome and the Beginning of an Empire The founding of Rome The founding of Rome A strategic location – protected from invasion by sea, center of trade routes A strategic location – protected from invasion by sea, center of trade routes Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

5 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 The Early Roman Republic Senate – most influential and powerful body of the government Senate – most influential and powerful body of the government Magistrates – elected officials Magistrates – elected officials Assemblies – oversaw defense and acted as courts Assemblies – oversaw defense and acted as courts Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

6 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 The Conflict of the Orders Patricians – wealthy landowners Patricians – wealthy landowners Plebeians – farmers and workers Plebeians – farmers and workers Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

7 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 The Republic Grows The role of the Roman army – well-trained, strict discipline The role of the Roman army – well-trained, strict discipline Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

8 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 The role of wise policies Conquered peoples were granted limited rights Conquered peoples were granted limited rights Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic

9 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Objectives: Discuss the Punic Wars and how Rome gained control over Carthage. Discuss the Punic Wars and how Rome gained control over Carthage. Explain how expansion changed the Roman Republic. Explain how expansion changed the Roman Republic. Section 2: Rome Expands Its Borders

10 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Rome Fights Carthage The First Punic War – lasted 23 years; Carthage was forced to give up Sicily The First Punic War – lasted 23 years; Carthage was forced to give up Sicily The Second Punic War – Hannibal was defeated by Scipio The Second Punic War – Hannibal was defeated by Scipio The Third Punic War – Rome again defeated Carthage and became supreme power in Mediterranean The Third Punic War – Rome again defeated Carthage and became supreme power in Mediterranean Section 2: Rome Expands Its Borders

11 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 The Problems of Expansion Nobles gained more power Nobles gained more power Wider gap between rich and poor Wider gap between rich and poor Section 2: Rome Expands Its Borders

12 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Objectives: Identify the political events in Rome during the first century B.C. that helped weaken the Roman Republic. Identify the political events in Rome during the first century B.C. that helped weaken the Roman Republic. Explain how the reign of Julius Caesar served as a transition between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Explain how the reign of Julius Caesar served as a transition between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Describe the events and conditions that marked the first two centuries of the Roman Empire. Describe the events and conditions that marked the first two centuries of the Roman Empire. Section 3: The Birth of the Roman Empire

13 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 A Weakening Republic The Social War – allies rebelled against Romans, were finally granted citizenship The Social War – allies rebelled against Romans, were finally granted citizenship Section 3: The Birth of the Roman Empire

14 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 Caesar in Power The First Triumvirate – Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey The First Triumvirate – Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey The rule of Caesar – Caesar declared war on the republic and defeated Pompey, but was killed in the Senate The rule of Caesar – Caesar declared war on the republic and defeated Pompey, but was killed in the Senate Section 3: The Birth of the Roman Empire

15 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 15 The Roman Empire The Second Triumvirate – Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus The Second Triumvirate – Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus Octavian: the first Augustus – the revered one Octavian: the first Augustus – the revered one The Pax Romana emperors – Julio-Claudian Emperors, Army Emperors, Flavian Emperors, The Five Good Emperors The Pax Romana emperors – Julio-Claudian Emperors, Army Emperors, Flavian Emperors, The Five Good Emperors Section 3: The Birth of the Roman Empire

16 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 16 Objectives: Explain how the Romans built a strong and unified empire. Explain how the Romans built a strong and unified empire. Describe the daily lives and occupations of Roman citizens. Describe the daily lives and occupations of Roman citizens. Explain the role of science and the arts in the Roman Empire. Explain the role of science and the arts in the Roman Empire. Section 4: Roman Society and Culture

17 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 17 Building a Strong Empire Government and laws – revised laws Government and laws – revised laws Trade and transportation Trade and transportation The Roman Army The Roman Army Section 4: Roman Society and Culture

18 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 18 Life in the Empire Daily life – running water and exotic food for rich, crowded apartments and simple meals for most Romans Daily life – running water and exotic food for rich, crowded apartments and simple meals for most Romans Slaves and slavery Slaves and slavery The roles of men, women, and children – father held power, mother managed household, education at home The roles of men, women, and children – father held power, mother managed household, education at home Religion – state religion Religion – state religion Fun and games – theater, sports Fun and games – theater, sports Section 4: Roman Society and Culture

19 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 19 Science and the Arts Science, engineering, and architecture Science, engineering, and architecture Literature – Virgil, Horace, Ovid, Tacitus, Plutarch Literature – Virgil, Horace, Ovid, Tacitus, Plutarch Language – Latin is the parent of modern Romance languages Language – Latin is the parent of modern Romance languages Section 4: Roman Society and Culture

20 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 20 Objectives: Describe how the conditions Jews faced in Judaea contributed to the rise of Christianity. Describe how the conditions Jews faced in Judaea contributed to the rise of Christianity. Identify the difficulties early Christians experienced in the Roman Empire. Identify the difficulties early Christians experienced in the Roman Empire. Explain the changes that helped establish Christianity and stabilize the church during the late Roman Empire. Explain the changes that helped establish Christianity and stabilize the church during the late Roman Empire. Section 5: The Rise of Christianity

21 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 21 The Beginning of Christianity Jews and the Roman Empire – Jews revolted and were banned from Jerusalem Jews and the Roman Empire – Jews revolted and were banned from Jerusalem The teachings of Jesus – grounded in Jewish traditions The teachings of Jesus – grounded in Jewish traditions The death of Jesus – resurrection The death of Jesus – resurrection Section 5: The Rise of Christianity

22 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 22 The Spread of Christianity Christianity was for everyone Christianity was for everyone Martyrs were put to death for beliefs in Christianity Martyrs were put to death for beliefs in Christianity Roman law accepted Christianity as a religion Roman law accepted Christianity as a religion Section 5: The Rise of Christianity

23 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 23 The Romans Adopt Christianity Constantine supported Christianity Constantine supported Christianity Bishops, patriarchs, pope Bishops, patriarchs, pope Section 5: The Rise of Christianity

24 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 24 Objectives: Identify the problems the Roman Empire had to deal with during the A.D. 200s. Identify the problems the Roman Empire had to deal with during the A.D. 200s. Explain how the reigns of Diocletian and Constantine slowed the decline of the empire. Explain how the reigns of Diocletian and Constantine slowed the decline of the empire. List the factors that led to the final decline of the Roman Empire in the West. List the factors that led to the final decline of the Roman Empire in the West. Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire

25 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 25 Troubled Times Arise Rising inflation Rising inflation Increasing insecurity Increasing insecurity Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire

26 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 26 Two Able Emperors Attempt Reform Diocletian – appointed a co-emperor and two caesars (assistants) Diocletian – appointed a co-emperor and two caesars (assistants) Constantine – supported Christianity Constantine – supported Christianity Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire

27 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 27 The Final Invasions The Goths and the Vandals The Goths and the Vandals The Huns The Huns Results of the invasions – people were displaced, instability and destruction abounded Results of the invasions – people were displaced, instability and destruction abounded Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire

28 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 28 Causes of the decline Political and military weaknesses Political and military weaknesses Economic decline Economic decline Social change Social change Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire


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