Presentation on theme: "The Daily Life and contributions of the Ancient Romans"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Daily Life and contributions of the Ancient Romans World History I
2 Main IdeasCulture - Roles in Roman family life and society were clearly defined.Belief Systems – Roman religious beliefs were influenced by other cultures and linked with government.Culture – Although they were overcrowded and dirty, Roman cities were also places of interesting innovations and entertainments.
3 Essential Question: How were the family and society organized?
4 Women and Children Women Children Women could inherit property but couldn’t voteWomen ran household, and cared for childrenFather was head of the house and owned propertyChildrenMost were educated at homeRich families sent boys to private schoolGirls learned household skillsMarried around the age of 14
5 Social Classes Patricians and wealthy plebeians formed upper class Middle class of businessmen and officials developedFarmers formed one of the lower classesSlaves were the lowest and largest classAbout one-third of the populationWorked in mines, on estates, as servants, or in clerical positionsRevolts were common, but none succeeded
6 What were the roles in a typical Roman family? Review Question:What were the roles in a typical Roman family?
7 Essential Question: What religious beliefs did the Romans hold? Roman BeliefsEssential Question:What religious beliefs did the Romans hold?
8 Religious Influences on Religion and Public Life Early Romans worshipped nature spirits and household godsLater, they adopted Etruscan rituals and Greek godsReligion and Public LifeReligion and government were linkedPriests were government officialsEmperor was head of churchRoman gods that symbolized state were honored in public ceremoniesOver time, living emperor was worshipped as a god
9 Greek and Roman mythology Greek NameRoman NameZeusJupiterHeraJunoAthenaMinervaApolloAphroditeVenusArtemisDiana
10 Religion Roman Mythology Later adoption of Christianity as imperial religion
12 What influences helped form the Roman religion? Review Question:What influences helped form the Roman religion?
13 Essential Question: What was life like in Roman cities? Life in Roman CitiesEssential Question:What was life like in Roman cities?
14 The Crowded CityAt the height of the Roman Empire, nearly 1 million lived in RomePeople moved to Rome from all over the empireThe poor and unemployed lived in dirty, noisy, and crowded city centerLacked foodGovernment gave free grain to prevent unrestThe rich had large country homes, and/or lavish houses in the citiesWent to theater, had dinner partiesAte food like dates, oysters, ham
16 Structures of City Life Built sewers and plumbing systems to improve sanitationAqueducts brought water to towns through pipes and channelsMostly underground, but also over high bridgesPublic baths were used by all classes to bathe and to socialize
18 Health Emphasis on public health Public baths, public water system, medical schools
19 Roman SportsGovernment provided entertainment to distract Romans from problemsCircus Maximus: large oval stadium for chariot racesColosseum – famous arenaGladiators – trained slaves who fought as warriors to the death in arenasArenas were located throughout the empire, but the Colosseum was the main event
24 Other contributions Latin Literature: Virgil – Aeneid Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian, English, etc.)Literature: Virgil – AeneidOne of the greatest works of Roman literatureA myth about the beginnings of RomePrinciple of “Innocent until Proven Guilty”Twelve Tables
25 Lesson SummaryFamily life and social classes were important in ancient Rome.Romans worshipped many gods both privately at home and in public ceremonies.Roman city life was challenging, but the government tried to ease some of its problems.The Romans made many technological advances that impacted Western culture.
26 Why it Matters Now…Ancient Rome was a mixture of different cultures and beliefs, just like many modern societies today including our own.