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The Daily Life and contributions of the Ancient Romans World History I.

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Presentation on theme: "The Daily Life and contributions of the Ancient Romans World History I."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Daily Life and contributions of the Ancient Romans World History I

2 Main Ideas Culture - Roles in Roman family life and society were clearly defined. Belief Systems – Roman religious beliefs were influenced by other cultures and linked with government. Culture – Although they were overcrowded and dirty, Roman cities were also places of interesting innovations and entertainments.

3 Family and Society Essential Question: How were the family and society organized?

4 Women and Children Women – Women could inherit property but couldn’t vote – Women ran household, and cared for children – Father was head of the house and owned property Children – Most were educated at home Rich families sent boys to private school – Girls learned household skills Married around the age of 14

5 Social Classes Patricians and wealthy plebeians formed upper class Middle class of businessmen and officials developed Farmers formed one of the lower classes Slaves were the lowest and largest class – About one-third of the population – Worked in mines, on estates, as servants, or in clerical positions – Revolts were common, but none succeeded

6 Review Question: What were the roles in a typical Roman family?

7 Roman Beliefs Essential Question: What religious beliefs did the Romans hold?

8 Religious Influences on Religion and Public Life Religious influences – Early Romans worshipped nature spirits and household gods – Later, they adopted Etruscan rituals and Greek gods Religion and Public Life – Religion and government were linked Priests were government officials Emperor was head of church – Roman gods that symbolized state were honored in public ceremonies – Over time, living emperor was worshipped as a god

9 Greek and Roman mythology Greek NameRoman Name ZeusJupiter HeraJuno AthenaMinerva Apollo AphroditeVenus ArtemisDiana

10 Religion Roman Mythology Later adoption of Christianity as imperial religion

11 The Pantheon

12 Review Question: What influences helped form the Roman religion?

13 Life in Roman Cities Essential Question: What was life like in Roman cities?

14 The Crowded City At the height of the Roman Empire, nearly 1 million lived in Rome People moved to Rome from all over the empire The poor and unemployed lived in dirty, noisy, and crowded city center – Lacked food – Government gave free grain to prevent unrest The rich had large country homes, and/or lavish houses in the cities – Went to theater, had dinner parties – Ate food like dates, oysters, ham

15 Ancient Roman Apartments (insulae)

16 Structures of City Life Built sewers and plumbing systems to improve sanitation Aqueducts brought water to towns through pipes and channels – Mostly underground, but also over high bridges Public baths were used by all classes to bathe and to socialize

17 Aqueducts

18 Health Emphasis on public health – Public baths, public water system, medical schools

19 Roman Sports Government provided entertainment to distract Romans from problems – Circus Maximus: large oval stadium for chariot races – Colosseum – famous arena Gladiators – trained slaves who fought as warriors to the death in arenas – Arenas were located throughout the empire, but the Colosseum was the main event

20 Circus Maximus

21 The Colosseum

22 Review Question: How did the Roman government try to solve some of the problems of city life?

23 Technology Roman Arch

24 Other contributions Latin – Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian, English, etc.) Literature: Virgil – Aeneid – One of the greatest works of Roman literature – A myth about the beginnings of Rome Principle of “Innocent until Proven Guilty” – Twelve Tables

25 Lesson Summary Family life and social classes were important in ancient Rome. Romans worshipped many gods both privately at home and in public ceremonies. Roman city life was challenging, but the government tried to ease some of its problems. The Romans made many technological advances that impacted Western culture.

26 Why it Matters Now… Ancient Rome was a mixture of different cultures and beliefs, just like many modern societies today including our own.

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